Commons:Temel Bilgiler/Lisans Seçimi

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search
First steps/License selection in other languages:

Alemannisch | asturianu | català | čeština | Deutsch | English | español | فارسی | français | galego | magyar | italiano | 日本語 |、 ភាសាខ្មែរ | 한국어 | Nederlands | norsk | polski | português | română | русский | slovenčina | shqip | suomi | svenska | Türkçe | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−

First steps
First steps tour
Tips & tricks
Third parties
Doğru lisans seçimi

After this you’ll have to choose the file’s license. This is an important decision, as all content in Wikimedia Commons has to be licensed freely.

Decision tree for media upload in Wikimedia Commons. (click to enlarge)

It is therefore imperative to clarify your rights to upload it under a free license. The decision tree is a graphical overview of the issues below.

  • Generally, if you’re releasing your own content under a free license, you cannot revoke the permissions granted.
  • The easiest case are self drawn images. Pictures taken by you are a little bit more problematic, as every person displayed has to agree on publishing it. This doesn’t apply if the photograph has been taken at public events or the persons are well-known—provided the photograph hasn’t been taken in that person’s private vicinity.
  • Artwork permanently displayed in public is covered in several nations—including for example Germany, Switzerland and Austria—under Freedom of Panorama, while other nations like France and Belgium have no such regulation. If Freedom of Panorama applies, you can upload your images of either artwork or buildings undaunted. This is not allowed in nations like France and Belgium, e.g. you cannot upload a picture of the Atomium in Brussels, Belgium. In cases where the object in question was only temporarily installed in a public place, freedom of panorama might not apply. One famous example for this was the wrapped Reichstag by Christo in Berlin, Germany. You’ll also have to obtain permission for objects in museums or shots on private property—especially indoor photographs strictly require the owner’s consent.
  • Most images you’ll find on the Internet can’t be uploaded, unless the copyright owner explicitly allowed for publication under a free license. You might try asking for permission, however. If you obtained such a permission via email, please forward it to and reference it at upload. It is advisable to attach a standard declaration of consent such as Commons:Email templates to your email asking for permission.
  • If a work’s author died more than 70 years ago it is within the public domain in most nations and can be uploaded in almost all cases. This applies to third party reproductions as well, as these lack the required own creativity needed to put it under copyright (see for example the Bridgeman v. Corel case).
  • More detailed information on copyright and licensing as well as copyright laws in different nations can be found at Commons:Licensing.
License selection at upload dialog

With this basic knowledge in mind you should be able to choose the proper license in most cases. Just select the desired license from the “Licensing” drop down list.

“Own work, all rights released (Public domain)”
With this choice, you grant everyone the permission to use your image for whatever purpose they see fit. People don’t even have to appropriately credit you. Once within the public domain, your image cannot be relicensed later on. Other free licenses allow you to retain at least some of your rights.
“Attribution 2.5” and “Attribution share alike 2.5”
These licenses were created by Creative Commons, who created a bunch of modular licenses which can be mixed in many variations. The two accepted Creative Commons licenses at Wikimedia Commons are “Attribution” ({{cc-by-2.5}}) and “Attribution share alike” ({{cc-by-sa-2.5}}) in every published version. Basically, “Attribution 2.5” requires crediting the author, whereas “Attribution share alike 2.5” requires people to additionally release modifications under this very license—the copyleft principle.
“GNU Free Documentation License”
The GNU Free Documentation License is the license used by Wikipedia for texts and is older than the Creative Commons Licenses. It is similar to the “Attribution share alike” license, but additionally requires every use to be accompanied by the full license text. This renders the license rather unwieldy for printing images on posters or postcards.
“Own work, copyleft. Multi-license with GFDL and Creative Commons CC-BY-SA-2.5 and older versions (2.0 and 1.0)”
It is possible to publish your works under multiple licenses. This is actually the recommended choice, as it makes using your media files very easy.
“I don't know what the license is”
This isn’t a real option, but rather a test to verify that you know what you’re doing. Images uploaded with this option checked will be deleted. Especially Fair use and other unfree licenses (like grants for non-commercial usage) are not allowed at Wikimedia Commons.

If there is no appropriate license to select, you can set “None” and manually insert the proper license later on (for a list of all allowed licenses see Commons:Copyright tags). This is a rather advanced way, however, as it requires you to know the exact license template’s name.

Once you’re done with these choices, you might want to check “Watch this page” to keep track of any changes pertaining to your image. With your personal “Watchlist”, you can see the tracked files’ change dates, comments and the persons committing the change. You can find the watchlist in the user tabs atop any page. Finally, once you click on “Upload file” it may be necessary to approve this action, as your software might consider this a security issue. After the upload is complete—which may take a while—you’ll be redirected to that image’s page. You might want to add your image to a category or gallery page—say Moon, if your image depicts that very satellite. If you don’t, people might be unable to find your image, but this is described in more detail in First steps/Quality and description.

Further reading[edit]

Wikimedia Commons pages: