Commons:Territorial division of the World

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to: navigation, search
This page holds a draft policy to be discussed before it can become an official guideline.

This page explains, for categorization purpose, how unequivocally to assign a given location to a territorial division of the World, otherwise to a body of water (sea or ocean).

Definitions[edit]

  • Territory: The land and waters under the jurisdiction of a government.
    • Country: A geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation[1]. This definition includes all sovereign states, but doesn't exclude autonomous dependencies of sovereign states and unrecognized de facto states. My suggestion is to include at least all sovereign states, unrecognized de facto countries and dependencies with self government.
      • Sub-divisions: a division of a country or another territory[2]
    • Dependency: a territory under sovereignity of a(nother) country without being considered (completely) part of that country.
    • Neutral territory: A territory that is not an integral part of any country. Are there any examples except for Antarctica?
    • Disputed territory: a geographical entity whose sovereignity is disputed
  • Non-territorial waters: Any sea area which is not part of internal waters or territorial waters of a country.

Entities can fall under various of these defintions.

Principles[edit]

  1. A location in non-territorial waters is assigned to a body of water (sea or ocean).
  2. Other locations:
    1. If possible, a location is assigned to the country which controls the matching area.
    2. If possible, a location is assigned to a neutral territory.
    3. Otherwise, the location is assigned to a named territory or area; this territory or area is conventionally assigned to an existing country, according to international consensus (with the English Wikipedia as a reference).

You may not categorize pages so that countries could be confused with other entities, as former states, cultural entities, ethnic areas, geographical regions, and so on. Therefore, current items, like cities or subdivisions of countries, are never categorized in such entities. More, categorize as follows:

  • Former states => History of COUNTRY
  • Cultural entities => Culture of COUNTRY.
  • Ethnic areas => People of COUNTRY.
  • Geographical regions => Geography of COUNTRY.

Don't directly categorize these entities in the COUNTRY category.

Current (or currently used) subdivisions of a country are expected in categories “Subdivisions of COUNTRY”. So, categorizing Gallia Aquitania, a ancient province of the Roman Empire, in Category:Subdivisions of France is not allowed, though presently this area is part of the French territory. That regards any types of contemporary country subdivisions, as listed subdivisions in w:Template:Types of country subdivision, therefore all assigned territories by application of the previous principles.

List of bodies of water[edit]

This is a non-exhaustive list of seas and oceans which can be used to categorize locations (non-territorial waters; therefore, no internal seas) :

Arctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Southern Ocean

List of countries[edit]

This is the alphabetical and exhaustive list of the countries of the World for categorization purpose in Commons (Category:Categories by country).

This list can be discussed. See talk page.

Contrary to the English Wikipedia list of countries, the Commons Wikimedia list treats the word "country" as synonymous with “sovereign state”: so, it matches the list of states in list of sovereign states; the list includes:

Checkup 194 (A 11 - B 17 - C 18 - D 4 - E 8 - F 3 - G 11 - H 3 - I 8 - J 3 - K 7 - L 9 - M 19 - N 9 - O 1 - P 9 - Q 1 - R 3 - S 25 - T 11 - U 7 - V 4 - Y 1 - Z 2)

A[edit]

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan

B[edit]

Bahamas (the)
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bostwana
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi

C[edit]

For the “Republic of China”, see Taiwan.

Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic (the)
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Democratic Republic of the Congo (the)
Republic of the Congo (the)
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic (the)

D[edit]

Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic (the)

E[edit]

East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia

F[edit]

Fiji
Finland
France

G[edit]

Gabon
Gambia (The)
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana

H[edit]

Haiti
Honduras
Hungary

I[edit]

Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy

J[edit]

Jamaica
Japan
Jordan

K[edit]

Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
North Korea
South Korea
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan

L[edit]

Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg

M[edit]

Republic of Macedonia (the)
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives (the)
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands (the)
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Federated States of Micronesia (the)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar

N[edit]

Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands (the)
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway

O[edit]

Oman

P[edit]

Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines (the)
Poland
Portugal

Q[edit]

Qatar

R[edit]

Romania
Russia
Rwanda

S[edit]

Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands (the)
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria

T[edit]

Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu

U[edit]

Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates (the)
United Kingdom (the)
United States of America (the)
Uruguay
Uzbekistan

V[edit]

Vanuatu
Vatican City (the)
Venezuela
Vietnam


Y[edit]

Yemen

Z[edit]

Zambia
Zimbabwe

Other territories[edit]

De facto independent states[edit]

These states have not enough international recognition and should be listed under countries and as a subdivision of the de jure country[3]

Abkhazia
  • legally part and subdivision of Georgia
Nagorno-Karabakh
Northern Cyprus
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (the)
South Ossetia
Somaliland
  • legally part and subdivision of Somalia
Transnistria
  • legally part and subdivision of Moldova

Dependent territories[edit]

Non-exhaustive list.

Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Palestinian territories

Continents of the World[edit]

United Nations geographical subregions en.svg

Lists of territories by continent (Number of continents|7 continents model), with regions according to United Nations geographical compositions.

Most of these >255 territories are listed in the English Wikipedia article List of countries. The extra territories are:

  • Dependent territories without indigenous inhabitation (see w:Annex to the list of countries)
  • Any major subdivision of a country which is located in a different continent than the mainland ot that country.

The green color for the region indicates that the United Nations didn't give a code area to this territory.

Africa[edit]

62 territories
Countries: 54
France territories: 2
Portugal territories: 1
Somalia territories: 1
Spain territories: 3
United Kingdom territories: 1

North America[edit]

40 territories
Countries: 23 (1 in 2 continents)
Denmark territories: 1
France territories: 5
Netherlands territories: 2
United Kingdom territories: 6
United States territories: 3

South America[edit]

16 territories
Countries: 13 (1 in 2 continents)
France territories: 1
United Kingdom territories: 2

Antarctica[edit]

The Antarctic Treaty defers or suspends any claims on Antarctica territories. The following Antarctic territories were claimed prior to the Treaty :

As these claimed territories overlap, they will be used only for some limited topics. Natural features will be categorized on a geographical basis.

Asia[edit]

57 territories
Countries: 49 (3 in 2 continents)
Azerbaijan territories: 1
China territories: 2
Cyprus territories: 1
Georgia territories: 2
Israel territories: 1
United Kingdom territories: 1

Europe[edit]

54 territories[6]
Countries: 45 (2 in 2 continents)
Denmark territories: 1
Finland territories: 1
Moldova territories: 1
Norway territories: 1
Serbia territories: 1
United Kingdom territories: 4

Oceania[edit]

33 territories
Countries: 15 (1 in 2 continents)
Australia territories: 5
France territories: 3
New Zealand territories: 3
United Kingdom territories: 1
United States territories: 6

Oceanic islands[edit]

4 territories
Australia territories: 1
France territories: 1
Norway territories: 1
United Kingdom territories: 1

Notes and references[edit]

  1. Source w:Country.
  2. E.g. states in a federation, provinces but also the overseas regions of France.
  3. Northern Cyprus and South Ossetia are no subdivisions.
  4. country)
  5. country
  6. Armenia, Azerbaijan (with Nagorno Karabakh), Georgia (with Abkhazia and South Ossetia) and Cyprus (with Northern Cyprus and Akrotiri and Dhekelia) can also be consiedered to be in Europe, but are only listed under Asia
  7. Cook Islands are sometimes considered to be a sovereign state