Commons:Umbral de originalidad

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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Threshold of originality and the translation is 44% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Threshold of originality and have to be approved by a translation administrator.
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El umbral de originalidad es un concepto del derecho de autor que se utiliza para evaluar si una determinada obra puede tener propiedad. Se utiliza para distinguir las obras que son lo suficientemente originales como para justificar la protección de los derechos de autor de aquellas que no lo son. En este contexto, la "originalidad" se refiere a "viniendo de alguien como el creador/autor" (en la medida en que de alguna manera refleja la personalidad del autor), en lugar de "nunca ha ocurrido o existido antes" (que equivaldría a la protección de algo nuevo, como en la protección de patentes).

El resto de esta página analiza las imágenes consideradas inelegibles para la protección de derechos de autor por un tribunal o autoridad similar.

Para más información, véase Umbral de originalidad en Wikipedia.

Estados Unidos

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Estados Unidos

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Países de ley civil

Países de ley civil requieren un relativamente alto nivel mínimo de creatividad intelectual cuál excluirá firmas típicas y logotipos sencillos de protección de copyright.

If you are aware of specific case law or legal advice on this issue in any country, please add a "Threshold of originality" section to the appropriate Commons:Reglas de derechos de autor por territorio country subpage, and add a link to it with an entry below.


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Afganistán

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Austria

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Brasil

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Chile

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China

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Dinamarca

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Finlandia

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Francia

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Alemania

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Hungría

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Irán

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Irlanda

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Italia

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Japón

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Libia

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Luxemburgo

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Países Bajos

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Noruega

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Perú

La definición general de un "obra" en la ley de 1996 es "Toda creación intelectual personal y original, susceptible de ser divulgada o reproducida en cualquier forma, conocida o por conocerse.[822/1996 Art.2(17)]

Quien realice una fotografía u otra fijación obtenida por un procedimiento análogo, que no tenga el carácter de obra de acuerdo a la definición contenida en esta ley, goza del derecho exclusivo de autorizar su reproducción, distribución y comunicación pública, en los mismos términos reconocidos a los autores fotográficos. La duración de este derecho será de setenta años contados a partir del primero de enero del año siguiente a la realización de la fotografía.[822/1996 Art.144]

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Portugal

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Rusia

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Senegal

Works of the mind may enjoy protection only if they are original. "Originality" means the work bears the stamp of the author's personality.[2008-09 Article 7]

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Eslovenia

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Corea del Sur

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Suecia

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Suiza

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República de China

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Países de ley común

System-search.svgSee also: Commons:When to use the PD-signature tag#Common law countries y #Lower threshold in United Kingdom etc..

Most Common law countries use a "skill and labour" test to determine the minimum level of originality capable of attracting copyright protection, and in some countries such as the UK the required level is extremely low. Without some research into individual laws, it cannot be assumed that a text logo from a Common law country is necessarily allowed on Commons. If there is real doubt about the position a local court would take, then the image must be deleted under the precautionary principle.

If the logo is extremely simple (e.g. in a standard font), it will not be eligible for copyright even in Common law countries.

If you are aware of specific case law or legal advice on this issue in any country, please add a "Threshold of originality" section to the appropriate Commons:Copyright rules by territory country subpage, and add a link to it with an entry below.

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Australia

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Canadá

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Hong Kong

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India

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Israel

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Nigeria

Under the Copyright Act of 1988 (Chapter C.28, as codified 2004), A literary, musical or artistic work shall not be eligible for copyright unless (a) sufficient effort has been expended on making the work to give it an original character;...[C28/2004 Section 1(2)]

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Nueva Zelanda

As stated in the New Zealand government's NZGOAL copyright guide (January 2015),

  • As the Court of Appeal has stated, the “threshold test for originality is not high”, the determining factor being “whether sufficient time, skill, labour, or judgment has been expended in producing the work”. The Court has also reiterated the axiom, or principle, that copyright is not concerned with the originality of ideas but with the form of their expression. A work is not original, however, if (a) it is, or to the extent that it is, a copy of another work; or (b) it infringes the copyright in, or to the extent that it infringes the copyright in, another work.[1]
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Reino Unido

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Logotipos y banderas

Arquitectura

Images which have been kept because of lack of originality or de minimis:

Note that some of these decisions were controversial.

Fotografías

Photographs which have been deemed ineligible for copyright protection:

Gráficos

Charts which have been deemed ineligible for copyright protection. See the section farther down on partial copying or cropping of uncopyrightable elements from copyrighted works. See also:

Partial copying or cropping of copyrighted works

When a file copies only part of a copyrighted work, that file's copyright status is determined only by what it has copied. If it only copied uncopyrightable elements, then the file is also uncopyrightable. In other words, we judge the copyright status of a file only by what the file itself contains, not by the status of other content the original source contained that was not copied by the file.

✓OK
Burr by Gore Vidal - first edition cover.jpg
This image of the front cover of a novel is public domain in the USA because it only copies uncopyrightable text, not copyrightable contents of the book itself or possibly-copyrightable contents of the back cover. (DR) It would probably not be PD in UK because of the UK's publisher's 25 year copyright on typography.

Lower threshold in United Kingdom etc.

Véase también

Referencias

Algunas citas pueden no haber sido transcluidas

  1. NZGOAL copyright guide. New Zealand Government (January 2015). Retrieved on 2019-03-16.

For more complete, working references see Commons:Reglas de derechos de autor por territorio and the individual countries and territories: