File:Anillo de la vida.png

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Español: Árbol filogenético procariota + Origen simbiogenético eucariota = Anillo de la vida.
English: Ring of Life = Prokaryotic phylogenetic tree + Symbiogenetic origins of eukaryotes
Source Own work
Author Maulucioni

Anillo filogenético de la vida basado en el origen simbiogenético eucariota[1] [2] y en los siguientes clados procariotas:

  • Proteoarchaeota o clado TACK: Superfilo arqueano relacionado con el origen de los eucariontes.[3] [4]
  • Terrabacteria: Superfilo bacteriano relacionado con la adaptación al hábitat terrestre[5] y respaldado por el análisis proteico[6] y genómico.[7]
  • Posibacteria: Grupo basado en semejanzas proteicas,[8] [9] enzimáticas y estructurales.[10] Estructuralmente agrupa a las bacterias monodérmicas.[11]
  • Gracilicutes, Planctobacteria y Rhodobacteria: Clados respaldados por la filogenia del ARN 16S,[12] 23S,[13] proteínas[6] y teorías evolutivas.[10]


  1. Maria Rivera & James Lake 2004 The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes. Nature 431, 152-155 doi:10.1038/nature02848
  2. Ed Yong 2010 Tree or ring: the origin of complex cells.
  3. L. Guy & T. Ettema 2011, The archaeal ‘TACK’ superphylum and the origin of eukaryotes Sciencedirect Volume 19, Issue 12, December 2011, Pages 580–587
  4. Céline Petitjean et al 2014. Rooting the Domain Archaea by Phylogenomic Analysis Supports the Foundation of the New Kingdom Proteoarchaeota Genome Biol Evol (2014) doi: 10.1093/gbe/evu274
  5. Battistuzzi, F.U. & Hedges, S.B. (2009). A major clade of prokaryotes with ancient adaptations to life on land. Molecular Biology Evolution 26 (2): 335–43. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn247
  6. a b Wu, Dongying et al 2009. A phylogeny-driven genomic encyclopaedia of Bacteria and Archaea. Vol 462|24/31 December 2009| doi:10.1038/nature08656
  7. Rinke, Christian et al 2013. Insights into the phylogeny and coding potential of microbial dark matter. Fig 2: Maximum-likelihood phylogenetic inference of Archaea and Bacteria. Nature 499, 431–437 (25 July 2013) doi:10.1038/nature12352
  8. Gupta RS 1998. Protein phylogenies and signature sequences: A reappraisal of evolutionary relationships among archaebacteria, eubacteria, and eukaryotes. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 1998 Dec;62(4):1435-91.
  9. Ravagnani A1, Finan CL & Young M. 2005. A novel firmicute protein family related to the actinobacterial resuscitation-promoting factors by non-orthologous domain displacement. BMC Genomics. 2005 Mar 17;6:39.
  10. a b Thomas Cavalier-Smith 2006. Rooting the tree of life by transition analyses. Biology Direct 2006, 1:19 doi:10.1186/1745-6150-1-19
  11. Ruggiero MA, Gordon DP, Orrell TM, Bailly N, Bourgoin T, et al. (2015) A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130114. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130114
  12. 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project 2013. "16S rRNA-based LTP release 111 (full tree)". Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database.
  13. Cheryl P. Andam & J. Peter Gogarten 2011. Biased gene transfer in microbial evolution. Figure 1 --| Phylogenetic analysis of bacterial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase amino acid sequences and the corresponding concatenated 16S–23S ribosomal RNA phylogeny. Nature Reviews Microbiology 9, 543-555 doi:10.1038/nrmicro2593


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current15:25, 30 December 2015Thumbnail for version as of 15:25, 30 December 20151,107 × 820 (38 KB)Maulucioni (talk | contribs)adding Proteoarchaeota
05:32, 28 September 2015Thumbnail for version as of 05:32, 28 September 20151,107 × 820 (37 KB)Maulucioni (talk | contribs)Posibacteria
22:22, 16 June 2014Thumbnail for version as of 22:22, 16 June 20141,107 × 820 (36 KB)Maulucioni (talk | contribs)agrandando letras
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19:19, 7 June 2014Thumbnail for version as of 19:19, 7 June 20141,107 × 814 (37 KB)Maulucioni (talk | contribs)User created page with UploadWizard
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