File:A naturalist in Western China - with vasculum, camera, and gun, being some account of eleven year's travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the flowery kingdom; (1913) (14782671855).jpg

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English: Rosa Multiflora

Identifier: naturalistinwes02wils (find matches)
Title: A naturalist in Western China : with vasculum, camera, and gun, being some account of eleven year's travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the flowery kingdom;
Year: 1913 (1910s)
Authors: Wilson, Ernest Henry, 1876-1930
Subjects: Botany
Publisher: London, Methuen
Contributing Library: Robarts - University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Toronto

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directly from the Crown, no freehold being acknowledged. The conditions of common tenure are the payment of an annual tax, the fee for alienation, with a money composition for personal service to the Government. The proprietors of land record their names in the district and takeout an original deed (called red deed ) which secures them in possession as long as the ground tax is paid. This sum varies very much according to the fertility, location, and nature of the land, but is nowhere heavy or severe. Naturally, good rice-land pays the heaviest tax. The paternal estate, and the property thereon, descends to the eldest son, but his brothers can remain upon it with their families and devise their portion in perpetuo to their children, or an amicable composition maybe made ; daughters never inherit, nor can an adopted son of another clan succeed. A mortgagee must enter into possession of property and make himself responsible for the payment of taxes levied thereon. The enclosure of recent alluvial 48
Text Appearing After Image:
AGRICULTURE 49 deposits cannot be made without the cognizance of the authorities, but the terms in such cases are not onerous. When waste hillsides and poor areas are brought under cultivation ample time is allowed for a return of the capital expended in reclaiming them before assessment is made. Since the food-supply of the Chinese population has always been supplied from within the Empire, agriculture has rightly been accorded first place among all branches of labour from time immemorial. According to legend, the Emperor Shen-nung (2737-2697 B.C.) established agriculture as a science. He examined the various kinds of soils and gave directions as to what should be cultivated in each. He taught the people howto make ploughs, and instructed them in the best methods of husbandry. Immediate results were seen in the improved conditions of the people, and succeeding generations have amply testified their gratitude to him. Under the title of Prince of Cereals he has long since been deified, and isworshi

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  • bookid:naturalistinwes02wils
  • bookyear:1913
  • bookdecade:1910
  • bookcentury:1900
  • bookauthor:Wilson__Ernest_Henry__1876_1930
  • booksubject:Botany
  • bookpublisher:London__Methuen
  • bookcontributor:Robarts___University_of_Toronto
  • booksponsor:University_of_Toronto
  • bookleafnumber:98
  • bookcollection:robarts
  • bookcollection:toronto
  • BHL Collection
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