File:An Allegory of Water ( Amphitrite ) - Nationalmuseum - 22289.tif

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Summary[edit]

An Allegory of Water (”Amphitrite”)  wikidata:Q43248000 
Artist
creator QS:P170,Q4233718,P1877,Q209050
An Allegory of Water (”Amphitrite”)
Title
English: An Allegory of Water (”Amphitrite”)
Svenska: Amfitrite ("Vattnet")
Object type painting
Description
English: Description in Flemish paintings C. 1600-C. 1800 III, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, 2010, cat.no. 51:

Technical notes: The support consists of a single piece of plain weave fabric with a coarse and dense structure. The tacking edges have been trimmed along all four sides. The painting is lined and mounted on a nonoriginal stretcher. The preparation consists of what may be a white chalk ground. The paint layer is opaque and rendered without impasto. The painting technique is coarse and imperfectly rendered in a rather mechanical way. The original green colour of the leaves has changed into a brownish tone. The painting is in bad condition. The painting underwent conservation treatment in 1921.

Provenance: Bequeathed by P. F. Wahlberg in 1914.

Bibliography: NM Cat. 1958, p. 6 (as Hendrick van Balen); NM Cat. 1990, p. 57 (as workshop of Jan Brueghel I). A series depicting the four elements: Water, Earth, Fire and Air was originally painted by Jan Brueghel I and Hendrick van Balen for Cardinal Federico Borromeo in Milan between 1608 and 1621.1 This suite of painting is today divided between several collections. Earth painted before 1605 and Air dated 1621 are today in Musée du Louvre in Paris.2 The Allegory of Fire, dated 1608 and the Allegory of Water from 1614 are still in Milan in Bibliotheca Ambrosiana.3 The popularity of the subject led to the production of a number of versions of the series in the studio of Jan Brueghel I and his pupils Jan Brueghel II and Jan van Kessel. The Nationalmuseum’s painting, An Allegory of Water, appears to be a copy of a composition in the Musée des Beaux Arts in Lyon, painted by Jan Brueghel II.4 Similar replicas and copies can be found in a number of collections.5 Water is personified by a young woman, Amphitrite, who is seated at the foot of a tree surrounded by verdure and next to a stream full of fish. She is leaning on an urn and holds a coral in her hand. To the right can be seen two playful putti and there are tritons and naiads in the background. Various types of water creatures, shellfish and reptiles are crawling on the ground. In the air a flying fish is visible, an imaginative feature that already formed part of Jan Brueghel I’s Allegory of the Elements from 1604 and which is based on information in contemporary encyclopaedias and books on angling. Watercourses in warmer climates were said to have fish that attained such speeds through the water that they could pierce its surface and fly above it.6 GCB

1 About the correspondence between the Cardinal and Jan Brueghel concerning this commission see Ertz 1979, pp. 363–364. 2 See Ertz 1979, no. 342 and 372. 3 See Ertz 1979, no. 190 and 302. 4 ”Allégorie de l’Eau”, Jan Brueghel I, landscape by Brueghel; figures by Van Balen, (Lyon. Museés des Beaux Arts), oil on wood, 46 x 83. See Paris 1977, p. 51, no. 15. 5 Attributed to Jan Brueghel I: Rockoxhuis, Antwerp;- Sold at Christie’s, lot 10, June 1967;- attributed to Jan Brueghel II: Galerie Sanct-Lucas, Vienna 1964–1965, oil on copper, 71 x 88, no. 7;- Jan Brueghel I’s workshop: De Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco;- Jan Brueghels II’s workshop: Galerie Pulitzer in London;- J. van Kessel: sold in London, Sotheby, 1967; - Jan Brueghel I: sold in London, Sotheby, July 1993; Brueghel II – Jan Brueghel I, Koninklijk Museum, Antwerp, 1998, pp. 228–232; Jan Brueghel I – H. van Balen, Galeria Doria Pamphilj, Rome; See K. Ertz, Jan Brueghel the Elder Die Gemälde, Cologne 1979, pp. 371, 374, figs. 441, 446; See also Christopher White, The Later Flemish Pictures in The Collection of Her Majesty the Queen of England, London 2007, nos. 11–14. 6 According to Giorgio Liberale’s Fish Book (1563–1579) and Aldovandrini’s encyclopaedia.

101 [End]
Svenska: Se även beskrivning i den engelska versionen
Original caption
English: Description in Flemish paintings C. 1600-C. 1800 III, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, 2010, cat.no. 51:

Technical notes: The support consists of a single piece of plain weave fabric with a coarse and dense structure. The tacking edges have been trimmed along all four sides. The painting is lined and mounted on a nonoriginal stretcher. The preparation consists of what may be a white chalk ground. The paint layer is opaque and rendered without impasto. The painting technique is coarse and imperfectly rendered in a rather mechanical way. The original green colour of the leaves has changed into a brownish tone. The painting is in bad condition. The painting underwent conservation treatment in 1921.

Provenance: Bequeathed by P. F. Wahlberg in 1914.

Bibliography: NM Cat. 1958, p. 6 (as Hendrick van Balen); NM Cat. 1990, p. 57 (as workshop of Jan Brueghel I). A series depicting the four elements: Water, Earth, Fire and Air was originally painted by Jan Brueghel I and Hendrick van Balen for Cardinal Federico Borromeo in Milan between 1608 and 1621.1 This suite of painting is today divided between several collections. Earth painted before 1605 and Air dated 1621 are today in Musée du Louvre in Paris.2 The Allegory of Fire, dated 1608 and the Allegory of Water from 1614 are still in Milan in Bibliotheca Ambrosiana.3 The popularity of the subject led to the production of a number of versions of the series in the studio of Jan Brueghel I and his pupils Jan Brueghel II and Jan van Kessel. The Nationalmuseum’s painting, An Allegory of Water, appears to be a copy of a composition in the Musée des Beaux Arts in Lyon, painted by Jan Brueghel II.4 Similar replicas and copies can be found in a number of collections.5 Water is personified by a young woman, Amphitrite, who is seated at the foot of a tree surrounded by verdure and next to a stream full of fish. She is leaning on an urn and holds a coral in her hand. To the right can be seen two playful putti and there are tritons and naiads in the background. Various types of water creatures, shellfish and reptiles are crawling on the ground. In the air a flying fish is visible, an imaginative feature that already formed part of Jan Brueghel I’s Allegory of the Elements from 1604 and which is based on information in contemporary encyclopaedias and books on angling. Watercourses in warmer climates were said to have fish that attained such speeds through the water that they could pierce its surface and fly above it.6 GCB

1 About the correspondence between the Cardinal and Jan Brueghel concerning this commission see Ertz 1979, pp. 363–364. 2 See Ertz 1979, no. 342 and 372. 3 See Ertz 1979, no. 190 and 302. 4 ”Allégorie de l’Eau”, Jan Brueghel I, landscape by Brueghel; figures by Van Balen, (Lyon. Museés des Beaux Arts), oil on wood, 46 x 83. See Paris 1977, p. 51, no. 15. 5 Attributed to Jan Brueghel I: Rockoxhuis, Antwerp;- Sold at Christie’s, lot 10, June 1967;- attributed to Jan Brueghel II: Galerie Sanct-Lucas, Vienna 1964–1965, oil on copper, 71 x 88, no. 7;- Jan Brueghel I’s workshop: De Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco;- Jan Brueghels II’s workshop: Galerie Pulitzer in London;- J. van Kessel: sold in London, Sotheby, 1967; - Jan Brueghel I: sold in London, Sotheby, July 1993; Brueghel II – Jan Brueghel I, Koninklijk Museum, Antwerp, 1998, pp. 228–232; Jan Brueghel I – H. van Balen, Galeria Doria Pamphilj, Rome; See K. Ertz, Jan Brueghel the Elder Die Gemälde, Cologne 1979, pp. 371, 374, figs. 441, 446; See also Christopher White, The Later Flemish Pictures in The Collection of Her Majesty the Queen of England, London 2007, nos. 11–14. 6 According to Giorgio Liberale’s Fish Book (1563–1579) and Aldovandrini’s encyclopaedia.

101 [End]
Svenska: Se även beskrivning i den engelska versionen
Date Unknown date
Unknown date
Unknown date
Medium
English: Oil on canvas
Svenska: Olja på duk
Dimensions
  • Height: 54 cm (21.2 ″); Width: 84 cm (33 ″)
    dimensions QS:P2048,54U174728;P2049,84U174728
  • Framed: Height: 72 cm (28.3 ″); Width: 102 cm (40.1 ″); Depth: 10 cm (3.9 ″)
    dimensions QS:P2048,72U174728;P2049,102U174728;P5524,10U174728
institution QS:P195,Q842858
Accession number
Source/Photographer Nationalmuseum
Permission
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