File:British Inner Defense Lines, Yorktown Battlefield, Colonial National Historic Site, Yorktown, Virginia (14239310130).jpg
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The Siege of Yorktown, Battle of Yorktown or Surrender at Yorktown, the latter taking place on October 19, 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British lord and Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, the siege proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War, as the surrender by Cornwallis, and the capture of both him and his army, prompted the British government to negotiate an end to the conflict. The battle boosted faltering American morale and revived French enthusiasm for the war, as well as undermining popular support for the conflict in Britain.
After initial preparations, the Americans and French built their first parallel and began the bombardment. With the British defense weakened, Washington on October 14, 1781 sent two columns to attack the last major remaining British outer defenses. A French column took redoubt #9 and an American column redoubt #10. With these defenses taken, the allies were able to finish their second parallel. With the American artillery closer and more intense than ever, the British situation began to deteriorate rapidly and Cornwallis asked for capitulation terms on the 17th. After two days of negotiation, the surrender ceremony took place on the 19th; Lord Cornwallis, claiming to be ill, was absent from the ceremony. With the capture of over 7,000 British soldiers, negotiations between the United States and Great Britain began, resulting in the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
|Source||British Inner Defense Lines, Yorktown Battlefield, Colonial National Historic Site, Yorktown, Virginia|
|Author||Ken Lund from Reno, Nevada, USA|
|Camera location||View all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap - Google Earth|
|This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.|
|This image was originally posted to Flickr by Ken Lund at https://flickr.com/photos/75683070@N00/14239310130. It was reviewed on by FlickreviewR and was confirmed to be licensed under the terms of the cc-by-sa-2.0.|
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|current||16:12, 21 February 2017||4,000 × 3,000 (3.98 MB)||Ser Amantio di Nicolao||Transferred from Flickr via Flickr2Commons|
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