File:FlammarionWoodcut.jpg

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Original file(1,157 × 1,046 pixels, file size: 703 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Summary[edit]

Description
English: The Flammarion engraving is a wood engraving by an unknown artist that first appeared in Camille Flammarion's L'atmosphère: météorologie populaire (1888). The image depicts a man crawling under the edge of the sky, depicted as if it were a solid hemisphere, to look at the mysterious Empyrean beyond. The caption translates to "A medieval missionary tells that he has found the point where heaven and Earth meet..."
Date
Source Camille Flammarion, L'Atmosphere: Météorologie Populaire (Paris, 1888), pp. 163
Author Anonymous
Unknown author
Permission
(Reusing this file)
This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
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The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
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Licensing[edit]

This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain

This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or less.


Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain in the United States. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.


Additional Information[edit]

Camille Flammarion, L'Atmosphere: Météorologie Populaire (Paris, 1888), p. 163.

The Flammarion Woodcut is an enigmatic woodcut by an unknown artist. It is referred to as the Flammarion Woodcut because its first documented appearance is in page 163 of Camille Flammarion's L'atmosphère: météorologie populaire (Paris, 1888), a work on meteorology for a general audience. The woodcut depicts a man peering through the Earth's atmosphere as if it were a curtain to look at the inner workings of the universe.

The original caption bellow the picture translated to: "A medieval missionary (Bruno) tells that he has found the point where heaven and Earth meet...".

"Flat Earth"[edit]

"During the 19th century, the Romantic conception of a European "Dark Age" gave much more prominence to the Flat Earth model than it ever possessed historically. The widely circulated woodcut of a man poking his head through the firmament of a flat Earth to view the mechanics of the spheres, executed in the style of the 16th century cannot be traced to an earlier source than Camille Flammarion's L'Atmosphere: Météorologie Populaire (Paris, 1888, p. 163) [1]. The woodcut illustrates the statement in the text that a medieval missionary claimed that "he reached the horizon where the earth and the heavens met", an anecdote that may be traced back to Voltaire, but not to any known medieval source. In its original form, the woodcut included a decorative border that places it in the 19th century; in later publications, some claiming that the woodcut did, in fact, date to the 16th century, the border was removed. Flammarion, according to anecdotal evidence, had commissioned the woodcut himself. In any case, no source of the image earlier than Flammarion's book is known. (quote from Flat Earth)

File history

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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current08:38, 19 June 2014Thumbnail for version as of 08:38, 19 June 20141,157 × 1,046 (703 KB)DxhaFFer (talk | contribs)There are two black-and-white versions of this image. One is supposed to have the caption underneath the engraving, the other one is supposed to be without it. This is the large version of the image with the caption taken from the page of the version w...
02:33, 14 March 2006Thumbnail for version as of 02:33, 14 March 20061,162 × 973 (295 KB)Brian Brondel (talk | contribs)higher resolution
00:20, 9 June 2005Thumbnail for version as of 00:20, 9 June 2005504 × 455 (118 KB)Sparkit (talk | contribs)Flammarion Woodcut. See wikipedia:Flammarion Woodcut {{PD-art}}
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