File:HMS Victory sinking.jpg

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creator QS:P170,Q2012122
Loss of HMS Victory, 4 October 1744
Object type painting
object_type QS:P31,Q3305213
English: Peter Monamy was one of the first English artists to establish a native school of marine painting. His work is often alleged to "show an overwhelming influence of the Dutch style", but the authentic works created by him during his 45 year London career convincingly demonstrate that this influence was a great deal less than "overwhelming". In 1696 Monamy, aged 15, was bound apprentice for seven years to a former Master of the Painter-Stainer's Company, and was obviously trained and taught by him. It has repeatedly been asserted that he "may have" worked in van de Velde’s studio in Greenwich, but there is no evidence whatsoever of this supposed employment. Any such employment is exceedingly unlikely, and in fact virtually impossible. The van de Veldes ceased to maintain a studio in Greenwich soon after the 1689 Revolution of William III, and apparently moved their business to Covent Garden. At this time Monamy was 8-10 years old.

The Loss of the 'Victory', 4 October 1744, is a dramatic night scene in the native English taste. It is highly atmospheric, slightly naive, and discernibly unlike anything by the van de Veldes. The ship was recognized in her day as ‘the finest ship in the world’, but was wrecked and lost with all hands on the Caskets, near the island of Alderney in the English Channel after becoming separated from the rest of the English fleet in a gale.

In the painting, which is portrait format, the solitary vessel is going down with lanterns alight and firing two of her guns – their light eerily mirrored by the moonlight streaming down from behind the dark storm clouds in the sky. The painting could arguably be seen as an early visual example of the 18th-century taste for the sublime.
Date 18th century
date QS:P571,+1750-00-00T00:00:00Z/7
Medium oil on canvas
medium QS:P186,Q296955;P186,Q4259259,P518,Q861259
Dimensions Height: 76 cm (29.9 ″); Width: 63.5 cm (25 ″)
dimensions QS:P2048,76U174728;P2049,63.5U174728
institution QS:P195,Q1199924
Accession number
Credit line National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, Caird Fund
Source/Photographer Collections of the National Maritime Museum
Other versions A larger composition directly related to this painting was engraved by P.C.Canot, and published in 1746.


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current21:10, 31 October 2011Thumbnail for version as of 21:10, 31 October 20112,000 × 2,392 (243 KB)Botaurus (talk | contribs)larger, same source
19:28, 6 October 2011Thumbnail for version as of 19:28, 6 October 20111,070 × 1,280 (277 KB)Botaurus (talk | contribs)larger (source National Maritime Museum, Greenwich)
19:35, 7 July 2008Thumbnail for version as of 19:35, 7 July 2008560 × 679 (46 KB)Benea~commonswiki (talk | contribs){{Information |Description={{en|1=Loss of HMS 'Victory', 4 October 1744 Peter Monamy was one of the first English artists to continue the tradition of Willem van de Velde the Younger’s marine painting into the 18th century and his work is representativ
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