File:Hermey the elf and Rudolph.jpg

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Original file(1,500 × 1,000 pixels, file size: 394 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)


English: Hermey the elf and Rudolph, two characters from Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer
Source Screenshot of the film
Author Rankin Bass
(Reusing this file)

Copied from the article: The copyright year in Roman numerals was mismarked as MCLXIV (1164) instead of the correct MCMLXIV (1964). This invalidates the copyright under U.S. law at the time, which required a valid date of copyright to be affixed to the production; this means that still images from the special and all of the characters unique to the special are, as a result, in the public domain. However, because the original story and song are still copyrighted and the soundtrack was validly copyrighted separately, for all practical purposes, permission is still required to air the special.


Public domain
This work is in the public domain because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1977, inclusive, with a defective copyright notice (copyright notice information) containing at least one of the following defects:
  • Notice does not include the copyright symbol ©, the word "Copyright", or the abbreviation "Copr.";
  • Notice is dated more than one year later than the actual date of first publication;
  • Notice does not include a named claimant or does not name the actual copyright holder;
  • Notice is illegible or concealed from view;
  • It is a printed literary, musical, or dramatic work that does not include the year.
A defective notice does not invalidate copyright in cases where the error is immaterial and would not mislead an infringer, such as an abbreviated name. Additionally, foreign works created outside the US are subject to copyright restoration even with a defective notice. It is not in the public domain in the countries or areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada, Mainland China (not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany, Mexico, Switzerland, and other countries with individual treaties.

English | +/−

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Original upload log[edit]

The original description page was here. All following user names refer to en.wikipedia.
Date/Time Dimensions User Comment
2015-01-15 20:25 1976×1466× (559463 bytes) Nyttend Reverted to original version: this is PD in the US
2014-11-15 06:06 367×272× (18463 bytes) Theo's Little Bot Reduce size of non-free image ([[WP:BOT|BOT]] - [[User:Theo's Little Bot/disable/resizer|disable]])
2014-11-05 01:53 1976×1466× (559463 bytes) MJEH Uploading an excerpt from a non-free work using [[Wikipedia:File_Upload_Wizard|File Upload Wizard]]

File history

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current03:23, 25 October 2017Thumbnail for version as of 03:23, 25 October 20171,500 × 1,000 (394 KB)MJEH (talk | contribs)Updated image of primary cast characters.
21:11, 2 December 2015Thumbnail for version as of 21:11, 2 December 20151,976 × 1,466 (546 KB)Proud User (talk | contribs)Transferred from en.wikipedia
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