File:Historical Europe-Asia boundaries 1700 to 1900.png

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Historical_Europe-Asia_boundaries_1700_to_1900.png(309 × 562 pixels, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/png)
Description
English: Historical conventions for the boundary between Europe and Asia, from maps published between 1700 and 1920 (note that maps from before the late 16th century cannot show a clear delineation for the northern part of the boundary, as the Arctic Ocean (Nova Zemlya, Sea of Kara etc.) was not known to cartographers).
   Europe
   Asia
   Territory which has historically been placed in either Europe or Asia
  • the red line shows the modern convention following the crest of the Greater Caucasus, the Ural River, and the Urals range. This has been the mainstream convention since about 1850, illustrated by e.g. Johnson (1861).
  • Line A shows an alternative modern convention illustrated e.g. by Beach and McMurry (1914). The convention follows the Don and Manych Rivers, placing the Russian Caucasia governorate in Asia.

Other historical conventions no longer in use are illustrated as follows:

  • line B follows the Don River until Volgograd (continued under D or C, depending on convention)
  • line C follows the Volga from Volgograd until Samara, continued under E or F depending on convention
  • line D follows the Don past Volgograd, cutting north overland to Archangelsk staying west of the Volga. This convention is found in the first official atlas of the Russian Empire, published in 1745.
  • line E follows the Volga until the Samara bend, and then cuts northwest to the Northern Dvina, ending at Archangelsk. This convention is used by Christoph Weigel in his Asia Vetus map, published 1719.
  • line F leaves the Volga at the Samara bend, cutting to the lower Irtysh and the Ob River. Used by Johann Baptist Homann in his Recentissima Asiae Delineatio, published 1730.
  • lines G and H: John Cary in his New Map of Asia (1806) follows the Don and the Volga (B, C, F), but then cuts across to the Urals south of Perm (G) and leaves the Ural watershed, reaching the coast of the Arctic Ocean west of the Yugorsky Peninsula (H)
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Image:TransAsia m.png, File:TransAsia m2.png


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This is a retouched picture, which means that it has been digitally altered from its original version. Modifications: collection of historical boundary conventions (incomplete). The original can be viewed here: Europe polar stereographic Caucasus Urals boundary.svg. Modifications made by Dbachmann.

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Original upload log[edit]

This image is a derivative work of the following images:

  • File:Europe_polar_stereographic_Caucasus_Urals_boundary.svg licensed with Cc-by-sa-3.0, GFDL, GFDL-GMT
    • 2011-04-11T07:04:22Z Dbachmann 700x545 (1593086 Bytes) {{Information |Description={{en|1=A blank map of Europe. The continental boundary to Asia indicated follows the standard convention of the crest of the Greater Caucasus, the Urals River and the Urals Mountains to the Sea of K

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current22:50, 15 December 2013Thumbnail for version as of 22:50, 15 December 2013309 × 562 (78 KB)Vancho (talk | contribs)Reverted to version as of 12:52, 9 January 2013
22:50, 15 December 2013Thumbnail for version as of 22:50, 15 December 2013309 × 562 (80 KB)Vancho (talk | contribs)The Kura boundary, one of the many boundaries defined by Soviet Geography (see Discussion)
12:52, 9 January 2013Thumbnail for version as of 12:52, 9 January 2013309 × 562 (78 KB)Chipmunkdavis (talk | contribs)Reverted to version as of 08:51, 3 January 2013 Still unsourced, just like last time
23:54, 5 January 2013Thumbnail for version as of 23:54, 5 January 2013309 × 562 (80 KB)Allegrina~commonswiki (talk | contribs)
08:51, 3 January 2013Thumbnail for version as of 08:51, 3 January 2013309 × 562 (78 KB)Chipmunkdavis (talk | contribs)Reverted to version as of 09:11, 11 December 2012 Rv unsourced
03:44, 3 January 2013Thumbnail for version as of 03:44, 3 January 2013309 × 562 (80 KB)Allegrina~commonswiki (talk | contribs)+1
09:11, 11 December 2012Thumbnail for version as of 09:11, 11 December 2012309 × 562 (78 KB)Dbachmann (talk | contribs)vandalism
06:58, 26 April 2012Thumbnail for version as of 06:58, 26 April 2012309 × 562 (80 KB)Allegrina~commonswiki (talk | contribs)Reverted to version as of 07:58, 7 March 2012
20:42, 8 April 2012Thumbnail for version as of 20:42, 8 April 2012309 × 562 (78 KB)Dbachmann (talk | contribs)Reverted to version as of 09:55, 7 February 2012
07:58, 7 March 2012Thumbnail for version as of 07:58, 7 March 2012309 × 562 (80 KB)Allegrina~commonswiki (talk | contribs)Reverted to version as of 22:04, 11 November 2011
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