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File:Lange-MigrantMother02.jpg

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Original file(6,205 × 8,066 pixels, file size: 5.8 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Summary[edit]

Title Migrant Mother  wikidata:Q3332083
Description
English: Portrait shows Florence Thompson with several of her children in a photograph known as "Migrant Mother". The Library of Congress caption reads: "Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California." In the 1930s, the FSA employed several photographers to document the effects of the Great Depression on the population of America. Many of the photographs can also be seen as propaganda images to support the U.S. government's policy distributing support to the worst affected, poorer areas of the country. Lange's image of a supposed migrant pea picker, Florence Owens Thompson, and her family has become an icon of resilience in the face of adversity. However, it is not universally accepted that Florence Thompson was a migrant pea picker. In the book Photographing Farmworkers in California (Stanford University Press, 2004), author Richard Steven Street asserts that some scholars believe Lange's description of the print was "either vague or demonstrably inaccurate" and that Thompson was not a farmworker, but a Dust Bowl migrant. Nevertheless, if she was a "Dust Bowl migrant", she would have left a farm as most potential Dust Bowl migrants typically did and then began her life as such. Thus any potential inaccuracy is virtually irrelevant. The child to the viewer's right was Thompson's daughter, Katherine (later Katherine McIntosh), 4 years old (Leonard, Tom, "Woman whose plight defined Great Depression warns tragedy will happen again ", article, The Daily Telegraph, December 4, 2008) Lange took this photograph with a Graflex camera on large format (4"x5") negative film.[1]
Español:
Madre migrante, foto de Dorothea Lange, muestra a los desposeídos cosechadores de California, centrándose en Florence Owens Thompson, de 32 años, madre de 7 hijos, en Nipomo, California (marzo de 1936).
Français :
Portrait de Florence Owens Thompson avec plusieurs de ses enfants connu sous le titre Migrant Mother (Mère migrante), et prise par Dorothea Lange en Californie (États-Unis), en 1936. La légende originale était "Ramasseurs de pois ruinés en Californie. Mère de sept enfants, agée de 32 ans." Selon des études ultérieures cette femme n'était pas ramasseuse de pois, mais une fermière fuyant le Dust Bowl. Elle fait partie d'une série de photographies commandées par la Farm Security Administration pour convaincre le peuple américain de la nécessité de réformes du New Deal suite à la Grande Dépression de 1929 aux États-Unis
Italiano:
Foto intitolata Migrant Mother, scattata da Dorothea Lange nel 1936 in California, che inquadra Florence Thompson con alcuni dei suoi sette figli, uno dei simboli della depressione economica statunitense negli anni '30.
Português:
Migrant Mother, Dorothea Lange, Estados Unidos, 1936
עברית: תמונה זו מכונה "אם נודדת" ובה נראית פלורנס אוונס תומפסון (Florence Owens Thompson;‏ 1903–1983), כשעל כתפיה שעונות שתי בנות והיא אוחזת בחיקה תינוקת. בטקסט המתאר את התמונה בספרית הקונגרס נכתב כך: "קוטפי אפונה נואשים בקליפורניה. אם לשבעה ילדים. בת שלושים ושתים." בשנות ה-30 של המאה ה-20 שרות הרווחה של הממשל הפדרלי בארה"ב העסיק כמה צלמים כדי לתעד את השפעת המשבר הגדול על התושבים. רבים מהצילומים מתקופה זו יכולים להיחשב גם כמעין תעמולה של הממשל, שתמך באוכלוסיה שנפגעה ביותר מהמשבר, באזורים העניים ביותר בארה"ב. הצלמת היא דורותי לנג. התמונה הפכה לסמל של יכולת העמידה האנושית נוכח המשבר הקשה.
Русский:
Семья сборщиков гороха в период кризиса. Фото Доротеи Ланге.
Date February/March 1936
Photographer Dorothea Lange, Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information / Office of Emergency Management / Resettlement Administration
Source
US-LibraryOfCongress-BookLogo.svg This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID fsa.8b29516.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

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(cropped to removed negative frame, mild retouching to remove worst dust and scratches from scan);
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Picture of the day This image was selected as picture of the day on Wikimedia Commons for . It was captioned as follows:
English: Destitute pea pickers in California, mother of seven children, age thirty-two, in the 1930s.
Picture of week on Malay Wikipedia
Deutsch: Dieses Bild war 2010 in der 1. Kalenderwoche das Bild der Woche in der Malaysischen Wikipedia
English: This image was selected as a picture of the week on the Malay Wikipedia for the 1st week, 2010.
Македонски: Сликава е избрана за слика на неделата на малајската Википедија за I недела од 2010 година.
മലയാളം: മലയ് വിക്കിപീഡിയയിൽ ഈ ചിത്രം ഈ ആഴ്ചയിലെ ചിത്രമായി 2010-ലെ വാരം 1-ൽ തിരഞ്ഞെടുത്തിട്ടുണ്ട്.
Bahasa Melayu: Imej ini merupakan gambar pilihan mingguan di Wikipedia Bahasa Melayu untuk minggu ke-1, 2010.
Français : Cette image est sélectionnée en tant qu'image de la semaine sur la Wikipédia Malaisienne pour la 1ème semaine de 2010.
Magyar: Ezt a képet a hét képének választották a maláj Wikipedián 2010 1. hetében.
Italiano: Questa immagine è stata selezionata come Immagine della settimana su Wikipedia in malese per la I settimana del 2010.
Nederlands: Deze afbeelding is gekozen als afbeelding van de week op de Maleisische Wikipedia voor week 1 van 2010.
Русский: Эта иллюстрация была выбрана изображением недели в малайском разделе «Википедии» для недели номер 1 2010 года.
Svenska: Denna bild är utvald till veckans bildWikipedia på malajiska, vecka 1, 2010.
Tiếng Việt: Hình này đã được chọn làm hình ảnh của tuần trên Wikipedia tiếng Mã Lai trong tuần thứ 1, năm 2010.
Picture of the week on the Malay Wikipedia
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Valued image

This image has been assessed under the valued image criteria and is considered the most valued image on Commons within the scope: Migrant Mother (1936), by Dorothea Lange. You can see its nomination here.


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Licensing[edit]

Public domain This image is a work of an employee of the United States Farm Security Administration or Office of War Information domestic photographic units, taken as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain in the United States. See Copyright. US-FarmSecurityAdministration-Logo.svg

References[edit]

  1. United States Government. Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother": Photographs in the Farm Security Administration Collection: An Overview. Prints and Photographs Reading Room. Library of Congress, United States Goverment.

File history

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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current17:40, 18 December 2011Thumbnail for version as of 17:40, 18 December 20116,205 × 8,066 (5.8 MB)Soerfm (talk | contribs)Slightly brightness
08:20, 3 June 2005Thumbnail for version as of 08:20, 3 June 20056,205 × 8,066 (5.4 MB)Dbenbenn (talk | contribs)by User:Solipsist, retouched Image:Lange-MigrantMother.jpg for dust and scratches
23:59, 2 February 2005Thumbnail for version as of 23:59, 2 February 20051,549 × 2,015 (677 KB)Solipsist~commonswiki (talk | contribs)Dorothea Lange ''Migrant Mother'' (1936) for the U.S. Farm Security Administration {{PD}}, cropped but larger version - mild retouching to remove worst dust and scratches from scan
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