File:Macys Hawaiian music.jpg
English: “Hawaiian melodies, strummed on Hawaiian guitars in the Hawaiian way have a mystic attraction for all lovers of ‘different music’ from the Isle of Waikiki to the Isle of Manhattan--and all points between. And if you’re fond of music and have any aspirations in that direction … you can learn to play the guitar in the Hawaiian way.”
Ukulele--”The body, which is of birch, is stained, shellacked and varnished the color of Koa wood. The basswood neck with an extension fingerboard is properly fretted with brass wire--rosewood nut, mahogany pegs and fine gut strings.”
Macy’s Hawaiian music The sun, Dec. 6, 1919, Page 5 http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1919-12-06/ed-1/seq-5/
The first group of Portuguese immigrants to Hawaii invented the ukulele after they arrived in August 1879 via the SS Ravenscrag. That ship included cabinet makers from Madeira Island, who brought the Medeiran machete. In their new country, ukulele inventors Manuel Nunes, José do Espírito Santo, and Augusto Dias developed the ukulele, and the Hawaiians adopted it (ukulele means "jumping flea" in Hawaiian).
George E. K. Awai and his Royal Hawaiian Quartet popularized the small, guitar-like instrument when they performed at the Panama Pacific International Exposition at San Francisco in 1915. From then on to the early 1920s, the ukulele became popular on the mainland United States.
From the University of Hawaii at Manoa Library: https://www.flickr.com/photos/uhmlibrary/Hawaii Digital Newspaper Project: https://hdnpblog.wordpress.com/
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