File:Norman Italy 1097.svg

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English: A map of the Norman-held territories in Southern Italy (namely the Duchy of Apulia and Calabria, the County of Sicily and the Principality of Capua) within Europe circa 1097 CE, during the first crusade.

Note that while presented as a single entity, the Pechenegs and Finnic tribes were not connected, I simply couldn't determine where their borders lay. The Pechenegs occupied Ciscaucasia and the area north/north-west of the black sea. The Finnic/Uralic tribes occupied the north of modern day Russia, as well as Finland and northern Scandinavia.

Similarly, Ireland was not united but was in fact composed of many petty kingdoms with a weak over-king (who also did not "control" all of Ireland).
Source This file was derived from: Blank map of Europe.svgBlank map of Europe (with disputed regions).svg

Data source:

Other versions
English: This map is part of a series of historical political maps of Europe. All maps by Alphathon and based upon Blank map of Europe.svg unless otherwise stated.
Deutsch: Diese Karte ist Teil einer Serie historischer politischer Europakarten. Solange nicht anders angegeben, wurden alle Karten durch Alphathon auf Basis von Blank map of Europe.svg erstellt, sofern nicht anders angegeben.
Français : Cette carte fait partie d'une série de cartes historiques et politiques d'Europe. Toutes les cartes ont été créées par Alphathon et basées sur Blank map of Europe.svg sauf indication contraire.
Evolution of specific states

Northern Italy
774 – 12th century/1805
In 774 Charlemagne conquered the Kingdom of the Lombards. However, only northern and central Italy fell under Frankish control (nominally including the central Italian Papal territory). This northern portion later evolved into the Kingdom of Italy (following its partition from Middle Francia in the 855 Treaty of Prüm), and formed part of the Holy Roman Empire from 962. Other than a few periods of personal union with its southern neighbours, the north-south divide would remain until the unification of Italy in the 19th century.
Francia 814.svg
Middle Francia 843.svg
Kingdom of Italy 1000.svg
Frankish Empire – 814 Middle Francia – 843 Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) – 1000
Also known as Francia, the Kingdom of the Franks and the Carolingian Empire Partitioned from Francia in the Treaty of Verdun along with West Francia (later the Kingdom of France; see above) and East Francia (later the Kingdom of Germany; see above) Constituent Kingdom of the Holy Roman Empire 951–1806 (although its states became autonomous in 1176 and for most practical purposes it ceased to exist far earlier than 1806)
1805 – 1814
In 1805 Napoleon crowned himself King of Italy and subsequently created a client-kingdom in north-eastern Italy.
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic).svg
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) – 1812
Client state of the First French Empire; existed 1805–1814
Southern Italy
774 – 1860
While Charlemagne conquered the northern portion of the Lombard kingdom, the south remained separate, apart from a few periods of personal union, until the unification of Italy in the 19th century. As an single entity, southern Italy was sometimes united, sometimes not, during this period.
Norman Italy 1097.svg
Kingdom of Sicily 1190.svg
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies within Europe in 1839.svg
Norman possessions in southern Italy – 1097 Norman Kingdom of Sicily – 1190 Kingdom of the Two Sicilies – 1839
While not a united polity, the County of Sicily and Duchy of Apulia and Calabria were both ruled by members of the House of Hauteville (in 1097 by Roger Bosso (uncle) and Roger Borsa (nephew) respectively) and were closely tied.
Italian Unification
1860 – Today
In 1860 the Kingdom of Sardinia united almost all Italian lands into the newly re-formed Kingdom of Italy, and within the next decade the remainder of Italian lands not part of the Austrian Empire/Austria-Hungary, Switzerland or San Marino were also integrated.
Kingdom of Sardinia 1860.svg
Kingdom of Italy 1861.svg
Kingdom of Italy 1870.svg
Kingdom of Italy (1914).svg
Kingdom of Italy (1936).svg
Kingdom of Italy within Europe 1943.svg
Italian Social Republic within Europe 1943.svg
Kingdom of Sardinia – 1860 Kingdom of Italy – 1861 Kingdom of Italy – 1870 Kingdom of Italy – 1914 Kingdom of Italy – 1936 Kingdom of Italy – 1943 Italian Social Republic – 1943
9th Century

11th Century

12th Century

18th Century

19th Century

20th Century


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current20:15, 28 May 2016Thumbnail for version as of 20:15, 28 May 2016485 × 350 (742 KB)Alphathon (talk | contribs)== {{int:filedesc}} == {{Inkscape}} {{Information |Description={{en|A map of the Norman-held territories in Southern Italy (namely the en:Duchy of Apulia and Calabria, the en:County of Sicily and the en:Principality of Capua) within E...
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