File:Pella leaded tablet (katadesmos) 4th Century retouched.jpg

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Retouched version of Image:Pella leaded tablet (katadesmos) 4th Century.JPG, which has the following description:


Summary[edit]

Description
English: A tablet (katadesmos) from Pella, Cemetery of Agora, now at the Museum of Pella. Size: ca 30x6 cm. (unrolled). First half of the 4th century BC. The tablet, made of lead, was found rolled in the right hand of the dead man. The text incised reveals to be a curse of magical and ritual meaning. The language is classified as being a NW Greek dialect used in Macedonia before the half of the 4th century BC, under the influence of Attic dialect syntax.

Text:

1. [ΘΕΤΙ]ΜΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΔΙΟΝΥΣΟΦΩΝΤΟΣ ΤΟ ΤΕΛΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΟΝ ΓΑΜΟΝ ΚΑΤΑΓΡΑΦΩ ΚΑΙ ΤΑΝ ΑΛΛΑΝ ΠΑΣΑΝ ΓΥ
2. [ΝΑΙΚ]ΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΧΗΡΑΝ ΚΑΙ ΠΑΡΘΕΝΩΝ ΜΑΛΙΣΤΑ ΔΕ ΘΕΤΙΜΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΠΑΡΚΑΤΤΙΘΕΜΑΙ ΜΑΚΡΩΝΙ ΚΑΙ
3. [ΤΟΙΣ] ΔΑΙΜΟΣΙ ΚΑΙ ΟΠΟΚΑ ΕΓΟ ΤΑΥΤΑ ΔΙΕΛΕΞΑΙΜΙ ΚΑΙ ΑΝΑΓΝΟΙΗΝ ΠΑΛLΙΝ ΑΝΟΡΟΞΑΣΑ
4. [ΤΟΚΑ] ΓΑΜΑΙ ΔΙΟΝΥΣΟΦΩΝΤΑ ΠΡΟΤΕΡΟΝ ΔΕ ΜΗ ΜΗ ΓΑΡ ΛΑΒΟΙ ΑΛΛΑΝ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΑ ΑΛΛ Η ΕΜΕ
5. [ΕΜΕ Δ]Ε ΣΥΝΚΑΤΑΓΗΡΑΣΑΙ ΔΙΟΝΥΣΟΦΩΝΤΙ ΚΑΙ ΜΗΔΕΜΙΑΝ ΑΛΛΑΝ ΙΚΕΤΙΣ ΥΜΩΝ ΓΙΝΟ
6. [ΜΑΙ ΦΙΛ]ΑΝ ΟΙΚΤΙΡΕΤΕ ΔΑΙΜΟΝΕΣ ΦΙΛ[Ο]Ι ΔΑΓΙΝΑΓΑΡΙΜΕ ΦΙΛΩΝ ΠΑΝΤΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΕΡΗΜΑ ΑΛΛΑ
7. [....]Α ΦΥΛΑΣΣΕΤΕ ΕΜΙΝ Ο[Π]ΩΣ ΜΗ ΓΙΝΕΤΑΙ ΤΑ[Υ]ΤΑ ΚΑΙ ΚΑΚΑ ΚΑΚΩΣ ΘΕΤΙΜΑ ΑΠΟΛΗΤΑΙ
8. [....]ΑΛ[-].ΥΝΜ .. ΕΣΠΛΗΝ ΕΜΟΣ ΕΜΕ ΔΕ [Ε]Υ[Δ]ΑΙΜΟΝΑ ΚΑΙ ΜΑΚΑΡΙΑΝ ΓΕΝΕΣΤΑΙ
9. [-]ΤΟ[.].[-].[..]..Ε.Ε.Ω[?]Α.[.]Ε..ΜΕΓΕ [-]

English translation as shown in the Museum of Pella (see also [http://www.brynmawr.edu/classics/redmonds/csts212w4.html Love Charms In Their Social Context] at Bryn Mawr College):

«Of Thetima and Dionysophon the ritual wedding and the marriage I bind by a written spell, as well as [the marriage] of all other women [to him], both widows and maidens, but above all of Thetima; and I entrust [this spell] to Macron and to the daimones. And were I ever to unfold and read these words again after digging [the tablet] up, only then should Dionysophon marry, not before; may he indeed not take another beside myself, but let me alone grow old by the side of Dionysophon and no one else. I implore you: have pity for [Phila (?)], dear daimones, [for I am indeed bereft (?)] of all my dear ones and abandoned. But please keep this [piece of writing] for my sake so that these events do not happen and wretched Thetima perishes miserably. [---] but let me become happy and blessed [---].» (after E. Voutyras)
Italiano: Traduzione italiana (da Tavola_di_Pella su it.wikipedia.org)
1. Sulle nozze di [Theti]ma e Dionysophon io invoco una maledizione, su tutte le altre
2. donne, vedove e vergini, ma in particolare su Thetima, e mi affido a Makron e
3. [ai] demoni che solo quando io scavo e srotolo e ri-leggo questo,
4. possono loro sposare Dionysophon; ma non prima; e non possa lui sposare qualsiasi donna, ma me;
5. e io possa diventare vecchia insieme a Dionysophon, e nessun altro; Io [sono] la tua supplicante:
6. Abbiate pietà della [vostra cara] Dagina(?), cari demoni, perché io sono abbandonata da tutti i miei cari.
7. Ma tenete presente la mia causa, in modo tale che questi eventi non accadano e la misera Thetima perisca miseramente
8. e a me concedete gioia e felicità.
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Author Filos96
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Original: Pella leaded tablet (katadesmos) 4th Century.JPG Editor: AM
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