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Identifier: triumphswonderso01boyd (find matches)
Title: Triumphs and wonders of the 19th century, the true mirror of a phenomenal era, a volume of original, entertaining and instructive historic and descriptive writings, showing the many and marvellous achievements which distinguish an hundred years of material, intellectual, social and moral progress ..
Year: 1899 (1890s)
Authors: Boyd, James Penny, 1836-1910
Subjects: Progress Inventions
Publisher: Philadelphia, Pa., A. J. Holman & Co
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation

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built the unfortunate naval monstrosity, the Great Eastern. The completion of the Great Britain, in 1843, was an important event in the progress of ocean navigation, not only because she THE CENTURYS COMMERCIAL PROGRESS 495 was five times the size of her largest iron predecessor, but also because of the fact that Brunei decided, while building the vessel, to adopt the screw for propelling the ship. The substitution of the screw instead of paddle-wheels represents a third phase of the technical evolution of ocean navigation. John Ericsson, who subsequently built the famous Monitor, had demonstrated the practicability of the screw as a propeller in 1836, and, three years later, the Archimedes, of two hundred and thirty-seven tons, was fitted with a screw. It was the success of the Archimedes that led Brunei to adopt the screw on the Great Britain. The superiority of the screw over paddle-wheels, and the greater merits of iron ships compared with wooden vessels, have long been accepted; but the... Robert Fulton... produced in 1807. steamship for river traffic. The Clermont ... a length of 130 ft, a beam of 18 feet, and a hold of 6 feet. She ... 15 mph against stream. Page 493.
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THE CLERMONT. FULTONS FIRST STEAMBOAT. adoption of iron as a material and of the screw for a propeller came about slowly. Indeed, iron ship-building made little progress in Great Britain be-fore 1850, and in this country wood was adhered to till much later. One reason why the English did not change to the screw and iron more quickly was probably the great influence exerted by the powerful Cunard line, whose conservatism caused it to hold to wooden ships until 1856. The Great Eastern, finished as late as 1859, was an iron ship, but was fitted with both screw and paddle-wheels. Of the total tonnage built in the United Kingdom in 1853, about twenty-five per cent was steam tonnage and a little more than twenty-five per cent was of iron. At the present time three fourths of all British-built vessels are steamers, and no wooden ships are built in the United Kingdom. America was slow in changing from wood to iron, because the cost of iron was so high. We had wood in abundance, numerous yards for the

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  • bookid:triumphswonderso01boyd
  • bookyear:1899
  • bookdecade:1890
  • bookcentury:1800
  • bookauthor:Boyd__James_Penny__1836_1910
  • booksubject:Progress
  • booksubject:Inventions
  • bookpublisher:Philadelphia__Pa___A__J__Holman___Co
  • bookcontributor:The_Library_of_Congress
  • booksponsor:Sloan_Foundation
  • bookleafnumber:524
  • bookcollection:library_of_congress
  • bookcollection:americana
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