File:Typhoid fever; its causation, transmission and prevention (1908) (14740561216).jpg

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Identifier: typhoidfeveritsc00whip (find matches)
Title: Typhoid fever; its causation, transmission and prevention
Year: 1908 (1900s)
Authors: Whipple, George Chandler, 1866-1924 Sedgwick, W. T. (William Thompson), 1855-1921
Subjects: Typhoid fever Typhoid Typhoid Typhoid
Publisher: New York, J. Wiley & Sons (etc., etc.)
Contributing Library: Columbia University Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Open Knowledge Commons

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duce the typhoid feverdeath-rate of a great city by building filters and sewerageworks than to give attention to the thousand foci ofinfection scattered through the villages of New England,the plantations of the South, and the lumber camps of theNorthwest. Climatic Distribution. Typhoid fever is more abun-dant in warm climates than in cold climates; but to whatextent this is due to the effect of temperature, and whatto the nature of the environment, it is difficult to say.There is reason to believe that the latter is the moreimportant factor. In the United States typhoid fever increases consider-ably from north to south. If the Atlantic coast andGulf coast regions are followed from Maine to Texas,this increase is very evident, as the following censusfigures show: Region. Per Cent which the TyphoidDeaths in 1900 wereof the TotalDeaths. Rural. Cities. North Atlantic Coast Region Middle Atlantic Coast Region South Atlantic Coast Region Gulf Coast Region 1.17 2-544-956.16 1.29 1152.312.38
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DISTRIBUTION OF TYPHOID FEVER. 115 It will be noticed that the increase in the rural districtsis considerably greater than in the cities, — presumablybecause the general sanitary conditions, the quality ofthe drinking-water, etc., are better in the cities than in thecountry, especially in the South. If a line be taken down the hilly and mountainousregions in the general direction of the AppalachianMountains, or down through the middle West, the samedistribution will be seen. Region. Per Cent which the Typhoid Deaths in 1900 were of the TotaJ Deaths. Rural. Cities. Northern Hills and Plateaus Central Appalachian 1.812-576-457.61 2153-597.06 I.811.924.16 3.103-353-87 Southern Appalachian Southern Interior Plateaus Heavily Timbered Region of the North-west ■ Prairie Region Southwest Central There are some exceptions to this regular increase oftyphoid fever southward. For example, in 1900 thedeath-rate was higher in certain parts of the state ofWashington than in Florida. The city of

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Author Whipple, George Chandler, 1866-1924; Sedgwick, W. T. (William Thompson), 1855-1921
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