Fishes of West Virginia

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The state of West Virginia has a wide variety of freshwater fish species in its rivers, lakes, and streams. 20% of these species are sportfish, and the remaining 80% are nongame species.


Order Acipenseriformes (sturgeons and paddlefish)[edit]

Family Acipenseridae (sturgeons)[edit]

(Extirpated) Acipenser fulvescens (lake sturgeon)[edit]

Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (shovelnose sturgeon)[edit]

Family Polyodontidae (paddlefishes)[edit]

Polyodon spathula (American paddlefish)[edit]

Order Amiiformes (bowfin)[edit]

Family Amiidae (bowfin)[edit]

Amia calva (bowfin)[edit]

Order Anguilliformes (eels)[edit]

Family Anguillidae (freshwater eels)[edit]

Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[edit]

Order Atheriniformes (silversides)[edit]

Family Atherinopsidae (neotropical silversides)[edit]

Labidesthes sicculus (brook silverside)[edit]

Order Clupeiformes (herrings and relatives)[edit]

Family Clupeidae (herrings, shads, and relatives)[edit]

Alosa chrysochloris (skipjack shad)[edit]

Alosa pseudoharengus (alewife)[edit]

Dorosoma cepedianum (American gizzard shad)[edit]

Dorosoma petenense (threadfin shad)[edit]

Order Cypriniformes (carps, minnows, and relatives)[edit]

Family Cyprinidae (carps, true minnows, and relatives)[edit]

Campostoma anomalum (central stoneroller)[edit]

(Introduced) Carassius auratus (goldfish)[edit]

Clinostomus elongatus (redside dace)[edit]

Clinostomus funduloides (rosyside dace)[edit]

Cyprinella analostana (satinfin shiner)[edit]

Cyprinella galactura (whitetail shiner)[edit]

Cyprinella spiloptera (spotfin shiner)[edit]

Cyprinella whipplei (steelcolor shiner)[edit]

(Introduced) Cyprinus carpio (common carp)[edit]

(Introduced) Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)[edit]

Hypopthalmichthys nobilis (bighead carp)[edit]

Erimystax dissimilis (streamline chub)[edit]

Exoglossum laurae (tonguetied minnow)[edit]

Exoglossum maxillingua (cutlips minnow)[edit]

Hybognathus regius (eastern silvery minnow)[edit]

(Extirpated) Hybognathus nuchalis (Mississippi silvery minnow)[edit]

Hybopsis amblops (bigeye chub)[edit]

Luxilus albeolus (white shiner)[edit]

Luxilus chrysocephalus (striped shiner)[edit]

Luxilus cornutus (common shiner)[edit]

Lythrurus ardens (rosefin shiner)[edit]

Lythrurus fasciolaris (scarlet shiner)[edit]

Lythrurus umbratilis (redfin shiner)[edit]

Macrhybopsis hyostoma (Shoal chub)[edit]

Macrhybopsis storeriana (silver chub)[edit]

Margariscus margarita (Allegheny pearl dace)[edit]

(Extirpated) Nocomis biguttatus (hornyhead chub)[edit]

Nocomis leptocephalus (bluehead chub)[edit]

Nocomis micropogon (river chub)[edit]

Nocomis platyrhynchus (bigmouth chub)[edit]

Notemigonus crysoleucas (golden shiner)[edit]

Notropis amoenus (comely shiner)[edit]

Notropis ariommus (popeye shiner)[edit]

Notropis atherinoides (emerald shiner)[edit]

Notropis blennius (river shiner)[edit]

Notropis boops (bigeye shiner)[edit]

Notropis buchanani (ghost shiner)[edit]

(Extirpated) Notropis dorsalis (bigmouth shiner)[edit]

Notropis hudsonius (spottail shiner)[edit]

Notropis stramineus (sand shiner)[edit]

Notropis photogenis (Silver shiner)[edit]

Notropis procne (swallowtail shiner)[edit]

Notropis rubellus (rosyface shiner)[edit]

Notropis scabriceps (New River shiner)[edit]

Notropis telescopus (telescope shiner)[edit]

Notropis volucellus (mimic shiner)[edit]

Notropis wickliffi (channel shiner)[edit]

Ericymba buccata (silverjaw minnow)[edit]

(Extirpated) Opsopoeodus emiliae (pugnose minnow)[edit]

Phenacobius mirabilis (suckermouth minnow)[edit]

Phenacobius teretulus (Kanawha minnow)[edit]

Chrosomus erythrogaster (southern redbelly dace)[edit]

Chrosomus oreas (mountain redbelly dace)[edit]

Pimephales notatus (bluntnose minnow)[edit]

Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow)[edit]

Pimephales vigilax (bullhead minnow)[edit]

Rhinichthys atratulus (eastern blacknose dace)[edit]

Rhinichthys obtusus (western blacknose dace)[edit]

Pararhinichthys bowersi (Cheat minnow)[edit]

Rhinichthys cataractae (longnose dace)[edit]

Scardinius erythrophthalmus (common rudd)[edit]

Semotilus atromaculatus (creek chub)[edit]

Semotilus corporalis (fallfish)[edit]

Family Catostomidae (suckers)[edit]

Carpiodes carpio (river carpsucker)[edit]

Carpiodes cyprinus (quillback)[edit]

Carpiodes velifer (highfin carpsucker)[edit]

(Extirpated) Catostomus catostomus (longnose sucker)[edit]

Catostomus commersonii (white sucker)[edit]

Cycleptus elongatus (blue sucker)[edit]

Erimyzon oblongus (creek chubsucker)[edit]

Hypentelium nigricans (northern hogsucker)[edit]

Ictiobus bubalus (smallmouth buffalo)[edit]

Ictiobus cyprinellus (bigmouth buffalo)[edit]

Ictiobus niger (black buffalo)[edit]

Minytrema melanops (spotted sucker)[edit]

Moxostoma anisurum (silver redhorse)[edit]

Moxostoma carinatum (river redhorse)[edit]

Moxostoma duquesnei (black redhorse)[edit]

Moxostoma erythrurum (Golden redhorse)[edit]

Moxostoma breviceps (smallmouth redhorse)[edit]

Moxostoma macrolepidotum (shorthead redhorse)[edit]

Thoburnia rhothoeca (torrent sucker)[edit]


Order Cyprinodontiformes (toothcarps)[edit]

Family Fundulidae (topminnows)[edit]

Fundulus catenatus (northern studfish)[edit]

Fundulus diaphanus (banded killifish)[edit]

Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)[edit]

Family Category:Poeciliidae (livebearers)[edit]

Gambusia affinis (mosquitofish)[edit]

Order Esociformes (pikes and mudminnows)[edit]

Family Esocidae (pikes)[edit]

Esox americanus (American pickerel)[edit]

Esox lucius (northern pike)[edit]

Esox masquinongy (muskellunge)[edit]

Esox masquinongy x lucius (tiger muskellunge)[edit]

Esox niger (chain pickerel)[edit]

Family Umbridae (mudminnows)[edit]

Umbra limi (central mudminnow)[edit]

Order Gasterosteiformes (sticklebacks)[edit]

Family Gasterosteidae (sticklebacks)[edit]

Culaea inconstans (brook stickleback)[edit]

Order Hiodontiformes (mooneyes)[edit]

Family Hiodontidae (mooneyes)[edit]

Hiodon alosoides (goldeye)[edit]

Hiodon tergisus (mooneye)[edit]

Order Lepisosteiformes (gars)[edit]

Family Lepisosteidae (gars)[edit]

Lepisosteus osseus (longnose gar)[edit]

Order Perciformes (sunfishes and perches)[edit]

Family Moronidae (temperate basses)[edit]

Morone americana (white perch)[edit]

Morone chrysops (white bass)[edit]

Morone saxatilis (striped bass)[edit]

Morone chrysops x saxatilis (hybrid striped bass)[edit]

Family Centrarchidae (sunfishes)[edit]

Ambloplites rupestris (rock bass)[edit]

Lepomis auritus (redbreast sunfish)[edit]

Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)[edit]

Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)[edit]

Lepomis gulosus (warmouth)[edit]

Lepomis humilis (orangespotted sunfish)[edit]

Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill)[edit]

Lepomis megalotis (longear sunfish)[edit]

Lepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)[edit]

Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)[edit]

Micropterus punctulatus (spotted bass)[edit]

Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)[edit]

Pomoxis annularis (white crappie)[edit]

Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)[edit]

Family Percidae (perches, darters, and relatives)[edit]

Ammocrypta pellucida (eastern sand darter)[edit]

Ammocrypta clara (western sand darter)[edit]

Crystallaria cincotta (diamond darter)[edit]

Etheostoma blennioides (greenside darter)[edit]

Etheostoma caeruleum (rainbow darter)[edit]

Etheostoma camurum (bluebreast darter)[edit]

Etheostoma flabellare (fantail darter)[edit]

Etheostoma longimanum (longfin darter)[edit]

Etheostoma maculatum (spotted darter)[edit]

Etheostoma nigrum (Johnny darter)[edit]

Etheostoma olmstedi (tessellated darter)[edit]

Etheostoma osburni (candy darter)[edit]

Etheostoma simoterum (snubnose darter)[edit]

Etheostoma tippecanoe (Tippecanoe darter)[edit]

Etheostoma variatum (variegate darter)[edit]

Etheostoma zonale (banded darter)[edit]

Perca flavescens (yellow perch)[edit]

Percina caprodes (common logperch)[edit]

Percina copelandi (channel darter)[edit]

Percina evides (gilt darter)[edit]

Percina gymnocephala (Appalachia darter)[edit]

Percina macrocephala (longhead darter)[edit]

Percina maculata (blackside darter)[edit]

Percina notogramma (stripeback darter)[edit]

Percina oxyrhynchus (sharpnose darter)[edit]

Percina peltata (shield darter)[edit]

Percina phoxocephala (slenderhead darter)[edit]

Percina roanoka (Roanoke darter)[edit]

Percina sciera (dusky darter)[edit]

Percina shumardi (river darter)[edit]

Sander canadensis (sauger)[edit]

Sander vitreus (walleye)[edit]

Sander canadensis x vitreus (saugeye)[edit]

Family Sciaenidae (drums)[edit]

Aplodinotus grunniens (freshwater drum)[edit]

Order Percopsiformes (trout-perch)[edit]

Family Percopsidae (trout-perch)[edit]

Percopsis omiscomaycus (trout-perch)[edit]

Order Petromyzontiformes (lampreys)[edit]

Family Petromyzontidae (northern lampreys)[edit]

Ichthyomyzon bdellium (Ohio lamprey)[edit]

Ichthyomyzon fossor (northern brook lamprey)[edit]

Ichthyomyzon greeleyi (mountain brook lamprey)[edit]

Ichthyomyzon unicuspis (silver lamprey)[edit]

Lampetra aepyptera (least brook lamprey)[edit]

Lethenteron appendix (American brook lamprey)[edit]

Order Salmoniformes (trout)[edit]

Family Salmonidae (trout)[edit]

(Introduced) Oncorhynchus clarkii (cutthroat trout)[edit]

(Introduced) Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)[edit]

(Introduced) Salmo trutta (brown trout)[edit]

Salvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)[edit]


Order Scorpaeniformes (mail-cheeked fishes)[edit]

Family Cottidae (sculpins)[edit]

Cottus bairdii (mottled sculpin)[edit]

Cottus caeruleomentum (Blue Ridge sculpin)[edit]

Cottus cognatus (slimy sculpin)[edit]

Cottus girardi (Potomac sculpin)[edit]

Cottus kanawhae (Kanawha sculpin)[edit]

Cottus (Bluestone sculpin)[edit]

Order Siluriformes (catfishes)[edit]

Family Ictaluridae (ictalurid catfishes)[edit]

Ameiurus catus (Ameiurus catus white bullhead)[edit]

Ameiurus melas (black bullhead)[edit]

Ameiurus natalis (yellow bullhead)[edit]

Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)[edit]

Ictalurus furcatus (blue catfish)[edit]

Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish)[edit]

Noturus eleutherus (mountain madtom)[edit]


Noturus flavus (stonecat)[edit]

Noturus insignis (margined madtom)[edit]

Noturus miurus (brindled madtom)[edit]

Noturus stigmosus (northern madtom)[edit]


Pylodictis olivaris (flathead catfish)[edit]