Geysir Geothermal Field

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Internationalization
Deutsch: Das Geothermalfeld am Großen Geysir befindet sich im Haukadalur, im Süden von Island über einer Magmakammer. Allerdings konnten Geologen bisher keine Eruptionen des Vulkansystems nachweisen. Das Hochtemperaturgebiet besteht aus zwei größeren Geysiren, dem Großen Geysir und dem Strokkur sowie zahlreichen weiteren heißen Quellen. Das Heißquellengebiet gehört zu den beliebtesten Sehenswürdigkeiten Islands und zum Golden Circle.
English: The Geysir Geothermal Field is situated in the valley of w:Haukadalur in the south of Iceland above a magma reservoir, but no eruptions are known from this volcano. The hot springs area consists of two bigger geysers, the w:Great Geysir and w:Strokkur as well as many other smaller springs. As part of the Golden Circle, the geothermal field is one of the most popular visitor attractions of Iceland.
Français : Le champ géothermique de Geysir est un ensemble de sources chaudes, d'un dôme et d'un cône volcanique qui constituent les restes d'un ancien volcan d'Islande. Il constitue l'un des sites géothermiques et touristiques les plus importants du pays, notamment grâce à ces geysers comme Geysir et Strokkur, normalement le seul encore actif.
Íslenska: Geysissvæði er eitt frægasta goshverasvæði heimsins og dregir sem hlut Gullna Hringsins ár fyrir ári marga túrista að sér.

Location[edit]

The Geysir Geothermal Field, located at a distance of about 120 km from Reykjavík, is approached best by Road no. 1 to Ingólfsfjall between Hveragerði and Selfoss, and then by Road 35 in direction of w:Kjölur.

Views of the whole geothermal field[edit]

Overview from atop the lava dome Laugarfjall: The mostly inactive w:Great Geysir to the left, the active geyser w:Strokkur in the middle, to the right and in front other hot springs and in the background hotel, restaurants and other facilities

The Great Geysir[edit]

It has been active at least since the 13th century, but nearly dried up at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, activity mostly was seen after more important earthquakes in the region like in 2000 and 2008.

Strokkur[edit]

Strokkur is the most dependable of Iceland's geysers and hot springs. His eruptions take place regularly in about 5-10 minutes intervals.

Litli Geysir[edit]

Blesi[edit]

Blesi consists of two different pools of different water colours - and chemical composition. In the space between her and Strokkur, now closed to visitors, geologists presume development of a third geyser.

Konungshver[edit]

The "King's Hot Spring" is one of the bigger hot springs in the area and the one placed highest on the slopes of Laugarfjall lava dome.

Smiður: Use of geothermal waters[edit]

Smiður is a small, but very active hot spring in the geothermal field between Strokkur and the road. It's waters are used for household purposes.

Konungssteinar[edit]

In 1874, 1907 and 1922 Danish kings visited the country and Geysir Geothermal Field, the first visits Danish kings ever paid to Iceland, part of their kingdom from 1380 til 1944. Memorial stones connected to each of these visits are to be found at Geysir Geothermal Field.

Facilities[edit]

A hotel, some restaurants and a shop with gas station can be found at Geysir Geothermal Field.

Waterfall Gullfoss[edit]

In a distance of just about 10 km, lies the waterfall Gullfoss which is also part of the Golden Ring of South Iceland's visitor attractions.