For graphical computer icons see Category:Icons.
In art, the term
Icon (from Greek εικων, eikon, "image") commonly refers to religious paintings in Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern-rite Catholic jurisdictions. In churches, icons are commonly displayed on an iconostasis.
In a broader sense,
icons are artistic visual representations or symbols of anything considered holy and divine, such as God, saints or deities. An icon could be a painting (including relief painting), sculpture, or mosaic, but usually it is tempera on the wood plank.
The Iconostasis 17th/18th cent, Historic Museum in Sanok, Poland
Iconostasis [ 편집 ]
The nave of Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral, Chicago, Illinois
iconostasis in Bogusza Niżna
Moscow Archangel Michael Cathedral interior with iconostasis
Royal Doors in iconostasis
North door of iconostasis
Riza [ 편집 ]
Our Lady of Tikhvin in riza
Our Lady of Tikhvin's riza
Our Lady of Tikhvin without riza
Cheap slapdash Marian icon made right for riza, but without riza
Two additional elements of riza from silver: venets (crown) and tsata (necklace)
Riza with added venets and tsata
Types [ 편집 ]
Icon for temple used in iconostasis (Virgin Mary)
Small icon for home use (Seven sleepers)
Two-sided portable icon for Crucession (A. Our Lady of Smolensk. B. Ss. Nicolas, princes Boris and Gleb)
Icon with foldable side flaps
Сondition [ 편집 ]
Half of icon was left without clearing to show how drying oil become dark during ages
Various layers of paint are keept (note the gold field, right, and the green that was under)
Loss of the layer of paint
Dark drying oil and loss of layer of paint
Сrack and holes from riza's nails
Encaustic icons [ 편집 ]
Christ Pantocrator, :encaustic painting on panel, St. Catherine's Monastery, Sinai, 6th-7th century
Saint Peter, a 6th-century encaustic icon from Saint Catherine's Monastery, Mount Sinai
Virgin and Child with angels and Sts. George and Theodore. C.600
Thaddeus of the Seventy Disciples, after 994
Byzantine icons [ 편집 ]
Descent from the cross, XIV c.
Archangels Michael and Gabriel, XII c.
Annunciation from the Church of St Climent in Ohrid, R.o.Macedonia (first quarter of the 14th century).
The Ladder of Divine Ascent, XII c.
Resurrection of Lazarus, late 14th — early 15th Century.
Anastasia of Sirmium, XV c.
Bulgarian icons [ 편집 ]
God's Mother of Don; Bulgaria, 18th/19th century
Greek icons [ 편집 ]
Saint Christopher as cynocephalus
Crucifixion by Theophanes the Cretan
Saint Charalampus, XVII c.
Cretan school [ 편집 ]
Our Mother of Perpetual Help, XIII-XIV c.
Crucifixion by Emmanuil Lampardos, XVII c.
Entombment of Christ by Emmanuel Tzanes Bounialis, XVII c.
Saint George and Saint Demetrius by Michael Damaskenos
Dormition of Virgin Mary by El Greco (his early period)
Russian icons [ 편집 ]
Early Russian icons [ 편집 ]
XIII century [ 편집 ]
Great Panagia from the Saviour Minster in Yaroslavl
Ss. Peter and Paul from the Church of Ss. Peter and Paul, Belozersk
Classical russian icons [ 편집 ]
Moscow school [ 편집 ]
Transfiguration by Feofan Grek, c.1410.
The Savior "Not Made By Hands" by A.Rublev, 1410s.
Boris and Gleb astride, mid. XIV c.
Christ Pantocrator, ca 1500
Virgin of Burning bush, 16 c.
Novgorod school [ 편집 ]
St. George and the dragon, late XV c.
Saint John Klimak, XIII c.
St. Vladimir, Boris and Gleb, XV-XIV c.
Sophia the Martyr with three daughters: Faith, Hope and Love
Pskov school [ 편집 ]
Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki, XV c.
Stt. Paraskeva, Gregory of Nazianzus, John Chrysostom and Basil of Caesarea, XV c.
Luke the Evangelist painting Vladimirskaya icon of Our Lady
Elijah's firey ascent into heaven
Deisis, first half of the 14th Century. Pskov. From St. Nicholas' church, Pskov, Russian Museum
Tver school [ 편집 ]
Metropolitan Peter of Moscow, XV c.
Icons after XVII c. [ 편집 ]
Icons of XVII c. [ 편집 ]
Feast of the Cross by Guriy Nikitin
Christ Emmanuel by Simon Ushakov
Prophet Daniel with lions
Sophia and Faith Hope Charity by Karp Zolotaryov
Icons of XVIII c. [ 편집 ]
Presentation of Jesus at the Temple
Jesus Christ the Pantocrator (Spas v silakh)
Michael the Archangel. Iconostasis of Transfiguration church, Kizhi monastery, Karelia, north Russia
Mother of God "Znameniye" (The Sign)
Women at the grave, Kizhi.
The only begotten Son of God
Hodegetria by Kirill Ulanov, 1721
Hodegetria of Smolensk, Central Russia, 18th century
Archangel Michael — the Commander of the Fearsome Host. 1718.
Russian icons of XIX c. [ 편집 ]
Sergius of Valaam and Herman of Valaam
Vision of Peter of Alexandria
Council of Seven Holy Archangels
Russian icons of XX c. [ 편집 ]
Vladimir of Kiev and St.Barbara, 1908-1917
John the Baptist, palekh miniature
Holy Trinity with saints, 1915
Feodosius of Chernigov, 1899-1908
Synaxis of the Siberian saints, c. 1918
Ukrainian icons [ 편집 ]
Our Lady of Pochaiv (16th century)
Our Lady of Balikinska (18–19th century)
Unknown saint and scenes from her life
Icon of Virgin Dehtyarevska (1794)
Icons of Poland [ 편집 ]
Holy Mother of Ostra Brama
Black Madonna of Częstochowa
Saint Basil of Caesarea, Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Gregorius I Magnus, XVII c.
Icons of Serbia [ 편집 ]
Saint Anne with child Mary
Coptic icons [ 편집 ]
St. Bishop Menas with Jesus
Saint Mercurius killing Roman Emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus