English:Jack the Ripper is an alias given to an unidentified serial killer active in the largely impoverished Whitechapel area and adjacent districts of London, England in the late 19th century. The name is taken from a letter sent to the Central News Agency by someone claiming to be the murderer.
Français :Jack l'éventreur est un surnom donné à un tueur en sérié non identifié et qui agissait dans le quartier de Whitechapel et autres districts adjacents de Londres, à la fin du 19ème siècle en Grande-Bretagne. Ce nom est tiré d'une lettre envoyée à la Central News Agency (Agence centrale de presse) par quelqu'un se proclamant être le meurtrier.
Elizabeth Stride (maiden name Elisabeth Gustafsdotter, nicknamed "Long Liz"), born in Sweden on November 27, 1843, and killed on Sunday, September 30, 1888. Stride's body was discovered close to 01:00 in the early morning, lying on the ground in Dutfield's Yard, off Berner Street (since renamed Henriques Street) in Whitechapel.
Mary Jane Kelly (called herself "Marie Jeanette Kelly" after a trip to Paris, nicknamed "Ginger"), reportedly born in either the city of Limerick or County Limerick, Munster, Ireland ca. 1863 and killed on Friday, November 9, 1888. Kelly's gruesomely mutilated body was discovered shortly after 10:45 am lying on the bed in the single room where she lived at 13 Miller's Court, off Dorset Street, Spitalfields.
Mary Jane Kelly, thought to be the fifth and final victim of the murderer known as Jack the Ripper; this photo was taken at the crime scene, her home in Millers Court, near Commercial St. in East London
Mary Jane Kelly
Catherine Eddowes (used the aliases "Kate Conway" and "Mary Ann Kelly", from the surnames of her two common-law husbands Thomas Conway and John Kelly), born on April 14, 1842, and killed on Sunday, September 30, 1888, on the same day as the previous victim, Elizabeth Stride. Ripperologists refer to this circumstance as the "double event". Her body was found in Mitre Square, in the City of London.
Photograph taken in 1888
Annie Chapman (maiden name Eliza Ann Smith, nicknamed "Dark Annie"), born in September 1841 and killed on Saturday, September 8, 1888. Chapman's body was discovered about 6:00 in the morning lying on the ground near a doorway in the back yard of 29 Hanbury Street, Spitalfields.
Mary Ann Nichols (maiden name Mary Ann Walker, nicknamed "Polly"), born on August 26, 1845, and killed on Friday, August 31, 1888. Nichols' body was discovered at about 3:40 in the early morning on the ground in front of a gated stable entrance in Buck's Row (since renamed Durward Street), a back street in Whitechapel two hundred yards from the London Hospital.
Photo of the body Polly Nichols - victim of Jack the Ripper
Murder sites - Osborn Street (Emma Elizabeth Smith), George Yard (Martha Tabram), Durward Street (Mary Ann Nichols), Hanbury Street (Annie Chapman), Berner Street (Elizabeth Stride), Mitre Square (Catherine Eddowes), Dorset Street (Mary Jane Kelly).
Frederick George Abberline (January 8, 1843 Blandford Forum, Dorset – December 10, 1929) was an inspector for the London Metropolitan Police and was a prominent police figure in the investigation into the Jack the Ripper murders.
Sir Melville Leslie Macnaghten CBE, CB (June 16, 1853 - May 12, 1921) was Assistant Commissioner (Crime) of the London Metropolitan Force from 1903-1913. He is known for a major report in 1894 on the Jack the Ripper case, naming three possible Jack the Ripper suspects.
Donald Sutherland Swanson
PC William Smith, 452H, came on duty at 10:00 p.m., Saturday, 29 September, 1888. His patrol took him 25-30 minutes. At c.12:35 a.m., Sunday, 30 September, he passed through Berner Street, noticing Stride with a man standing near Dutfield's Yard. Having gone round his beat, PC Smith was again at the corner of Commercial Road and Berner Street at 1:00 a.m.; he noticed a crowd had gathered outside of Dutfield's Yard.
Inspector Edmund Reid
Inspector Walter Andrews
Chief Constable Adolphus Frederick Williamson
George Lusk who received the "From Hell" letter, one of numerous letters claiming to be from the 1888 Whitechapel murderer, dubbed Jack the Ripper by the press.