Jarvis Island is an uninhabited 4.5 square kilometer island located at 0°22′S 160°03′W in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to the Cook Islands. It is one of the Line Islands, in the central part of the group. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States, administered from Washington, D.C. by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system. Jarvis Island as well as ► Baker Island, ► Howland Island, ► Johnston Atoll, ► Kingman Reef, ► Midway Atoll, ► Wake Island and ► Palmyra Atoll lie in the Pacific Ocean, south of Hawaii.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Jarvis Island, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Jarvis Island. Jarvis Island was discovered by Britain in 1821, annexed by the United States in 1858, annexed by Britain in 1889 and reclaimed by the United States in 1935. The island has no self-government.
Notes and references
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