Jewish cemeteries

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<nowiki>cementerio judío; izraelita temető; hilerri judua; cementiri jueu; jüdischer Friedhof; Reilig Ghiúdach; јеврејско гробље; 猶太人墓地; jødisk kirkegård; Yahudi mezarlığı; یہودی قبرستان; Židovský cintorín; єврейський цвинтар; Jüdischer Friedhof; juutalaisten hautausmaa; juda tombejo; židovský hřbitov; cimitero ebraico; cimetière juif; жыдоўскія могілкі; בית החיים; židowski kěrchow; Cemitério judaico; Հրեական գերեզմանոց; јеврејско гробље; яўрэйскія могілкі; Joadske begraafplak; еврейское кладбище; בית קברות יהודי; jiddesche Kierfecht; kirkut; jødisk gravlund; Joodse begraafplaats; 墓地 (ユダヤ教); Perkuburan Yahudi; jevrejsko groblje; cimitir evreiesc; Jewish cemetery; مقبرة يهودية; εβραϊκό νεκροταφείο; judisk begravningsplats; cimitir potrivit regulilor religiei iudaice; lieu où sont enterrés les morts juifs; могілкі для жыдоў; cmentarz żydowski; (кіркут); begraafplaats naar regels van het Jodendom; кладбище, на котором похоронены евреи в соответствии с еврейской традицией; pohrjebnišćo po zakonjach židowstwa; Friedhof nach den Gesetzen des Judentums; cemetery for Jewish people; գերեզմանատուն հրեաների համար; felekezeti temető leírása; Kierfecht fir jiddesch Leit; cementerio judio; cementerio hebreo; bet kevarot; beit almin; bet olam; bet chayyim; bet shalom; cementerio israelita; cimetière israélite; киркут; Guter Ort; Judenfriedhof; Israelitischer Friedhof; Հրեական գերեզմանատուն; կիրկուտ; 犹太墓地; Yahudi mezarlıkları; Musevi mezarlıkları; Yahudi mezarı; Musevi mezarlığı; Musevi mezarı; ユダヤ人墓地; Juddekierfecht; cmentarz żydowski; кіркут; єврейське кладовище; בית עולם; בית־עולם; בית־הקבֿרות; בית הקברות; židovské hřbitovy; בית עלמין; בית קברות; zsidó temető; juutalainen hautausmaa; kirkut; cemetery; bet kevarot; المقبرة اليهودية; εβραϊκό κοιμητήριο; židowske pohrjebnišćo</nowiki>
Jewish cemetery 
cemetery for Jewish people
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Wikidata Q846659
GND ID: 4331943-9
Library of Congress authority ID: sh95006635
NKCR AUT ID: ph127998
National Library of Israel J9U ID: 987007556308705171
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Pebbles[edit]

English: Even when visiting Jewish graves of someone that the visitor never knew, the custom is to place a small stone on the grave using the left hand. This shows that someone visited the gravesite, and is also a way of participating in the mitzvah of burial. Leaving flowers is not a traditional Jewish practice. Another reason for leaving stones is to tend the grave. In Biblical times, gravestones were not used; graves were marked with mounds of stones (a kind of cairn), so by placing (or replacing) them, one perpetuated the existence of the site.
Français : petits cailloux
Deutsch: Es ist Sitte, beim Besuch eines jüdischen Grabes einen (kleinen) Stein auf dem Grab zu hinterlegen.
<nowiki>cementerio judío; izraelita temető; hilerri judua; cementiri jueu; jüdischer Friedhof; Reilig Ghiúdach; јеврејско гробље; 猶太人墓地; jødisk kirkegård; Yahudi mezarlığı; یہودی قبرستان; Židovský cintorín; єврейський цвинтар; Jüdischer Friedhof; juutalaisten hautausmaa; juda tombejo; židovský hřbitov; cimitero ebraico; cimetière juif; жыдоўскія могілкі; בית החיים; židowski kěrchow; Cemitério judaico; Հրեական գերեզմանոց; јеврејско гробље; яўрэйскія могілкі; Joadske begraafplak; еврейское кладбище; בית קברות יהודי; jiddesche Kierfecht; kirkut; jødisk gravlund; Joodse begraafplaats; 墓地 (ユダヤ教); Perkuburan Yahudi; jevrejsko groblje; cimitir evreiesc; Jewish cemetery; مقبرة يهودية; εβραϊκό νεκροταφείο; judisk begravningsplats; cimitir potrivit regulilor religiei iudaice; lieu où sont enterrés les morts juifs; могілкі для жыдоў; cmentarz żydowski; (кіркут); begraafplaats naar regels van het Jodendom; кладбище, на котором похоронены евреи в соответствии с еврейской традицией; pohrjebnišćo po zakonjach židowstwa; Friedhof nach den Gesetzen des Judentums; cemetery for Jewish people; գերեզմանատուն հրեաների համար; felekezeti temető leírása; Kierfecht fir jiddesch Leit; cementerio judio; cementerio hebreo; bet kevarot; beit almin; bet olam; bet chayyim; bet shalom; cementerio israelita; cimetière israélite; киркут; Guter Ort; Judenfriedhof; Israelitischer Friedhof; Հրեական գերեզմանատուն; կիրկուտ; 犹太墓地; Yahudi mezarlıkları; Musevi mezarlıkları; Yahudi mezarı; Musevi mezarlığı; Musevi mezarı; ユダヤ人墓地; Juddekierfecht; cmentarz żydowski; кіркут; єврейське кладовище; בית עולם; בית־עולם; בית־הקבֿרות; בית הקברות; židovské hřbitovy; בית עלמין; בית קברות; zsidó temető; juutalainen hautausmaa; kirkut; cemetery; bet kevarot; المقبرة اليهودية; εβραϊκό κοιμητήριο; židowske pohrjebnišćo</nowiki>
Jewish cemetery 
cemetery for Jewish people
Upload media
Instance of
Subclass of
Culture
Religion or worldview
Authority control
Wikidata Q846659
GND ID: 4331943-9
Library of Congress authority ID: sh95006635
NKCR AUT ID: ph127998
National Library of Israel J9U ID: 987007556308705171
Edit infobox data on Wikidata
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Pebbles on Jewish gravestones.

Candles and Lanterns[edit]

עברית: נר נשמה
English: Yahrzeit candle ("anniversary candle") is a type of candle that is lit in memory of the dead in Judaism. A yahrzeit candle on a grave, inside a box designed to protect the candle from the wind.
Deutsch: Im Judentum wird eine 'Yahrzeit'-Kerze (vom jiddischen Wort für 'Jahreszeit') wird zum Gedenken an die Toten angezündet.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Jewish grave lanterns.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Jewish grave candles.

Bet Tahara (cleansing house)[edit]

English: Pre-funeral building : place where bodies are ritually washed before burial.
Français : Dans le cimetière juif se trouve un petit bâtiment בית טהרה dans lequel on procède à la toilette rituelle du défunt avant l'enterrement.
Deutsch: Taharahäuser sind jüdische Einrichtungen zur Reinigung der Toten vor ihrer Bestattung.
עברית: בתי טהרה
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Taharahaus.

Water facility for hand washing[edit]

English: Netilat yadayim ("washing of the hands") is done after paying a visit to a cemetery. It is customary to wash the hands after leaving the graveside. This washing is an affirmation of life after involvement with death. Jewish Cemeteries have facilities for washing on the porch of the cemetery.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Netilat yadayim.

Symbols on Jewish gravestones[edit]

English:
  • Star of David : The six-pointed Star of David, a symbol of Judaism, is frequently found on Jewish tombstones.
  • Cohanim Hands – Priestly Blessing : Two hands with outspread fingers indicated that the dead man was descended from priestly stock (Kohanim) who blessed the people in this fashion
  • Ewer : Levite pitcher (and bowl)
  • the shofar (ram's horn) indicating that the deceased was a blower of the shofar
  • deer : people whose name is Zvi, Hirsch or Naftali (deer representing the tribe of Naphtali)
  • lion : people whose name is Aryeh, Judah, Leib or Loew (lion representing the tribe of judah)
  • bear : people whose name is Dov and Ber.
  • wolf : representing the Tribe of Benjamin
  • books : an open book indicates the presence of a rabbi, an officiating minister, or just a scholar
  • bookshelves : groups of books, sometimes arranged in an open bookcase, or on shelves.
  • fish : zodiac sign for the month of Adar
  • menorah : one of the oldest symbols of Judaism
  • candles : one of the most accepted symbols of the woman. The candle was lit by the Jewish woman. Most of the candlesticks have three branches but there are ones with two, five and more. A broken candle on a gravestone symbolizes an early death, at a young age.
  • crown
  • tree : A broken tree or branch is a sign that the deceased was young at the time of death
  • bird : appears on the gravestones of many women
  • grapes : cluster of grapes is an emblem of Israel.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Symbols on Jewish gravestones.

Ewer[edit]

English: Detail of a gravestone in a Jewish cemetery with a goblet as a symbol of kohens´ assistants Levites, who were still allowed to wash kohanims hands before kohen blessing after the Jerusalem temple had been destroyed - therefore the goblets or jugs on their graves.
Français : Sur les tombes des lévites est gravée une Aiguière qui leur servait à verser sur les mains des cohanim (prêtres) l'eau d'ablution purificatrice avant que ceux-ci ne commencent à lire les bénédictions. Leur nom hébraïque est toujours suivi par Ha-Levi, le lévite.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Ewer on Jewish gravestones.

Priestly blessing[edit]

English: Cohanim Hands – Priestly Blessing : Two hands with outspread fingers indicated that the dead man was descended from priestly stock (Kohanim) who blessed the people in this fashion
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Kohanim hands on Jewish gravestones.

Star of David[edit]

Magen David / מגן דוד

System-search.svgSee also: Category:Star of David on Jewish gravestones.

Menorah[edit]

Menorah / המנורה

System-search.svgSee also: Category:Menorah on Jewish gravestones.

[Shabbat] Candles[edit]

System-search.svgSee also: Category:Shabbat Candles on Jewish gravestones.

Lion [of Judah][edit]

Français : le lion est l'emblème de la tribu de Juda.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Lion of Judah on Jewish gravestones.

Moses and Tablets of stone[edit]

System-search.svgSee also: Category:Moses.
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Tablets of stone.

Torah Scrolls[edit]

System-search.svgSee also: Category:Torah scrolls.

Crown[edit]

English: כתר שם טוב "crown of a good name" (based on Mishna in Avos 4:17)
Français : כתר שם טוב "la couronne d'une bonne réputation" (d'après Mishna dans Avot 4,17)
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Crown on Jewish gravestones.

Hebrew writing[edit]

English:
  • פ"נ stands for פֹּה נִטְמַן : Here is buried
  • פ״ט stands for פֹּה טָמוּן : Here is buried
  • תנצבה stands for May his/her soul be bound in the bundle of life / תהיה נפשו/נפשה צרורה בצרור החיים (Samuel I 25:29)
  • יְהוָה מֵמִית וּמְחַיֶּה מֹורִיד שְׁאֹול וַיָּעַל Yahweh kills and makes alive; he brings down to the grave and raises up. (1 Samuel 2:6)
  • אֲנִי אָמִית וַאֲחַיֶּה "I put to death and I bring to life" (Deuteronomy 32.39).
  • עפר אתה ואל עפר תשוב "dust you are and to dust you will return." (Genesis 3:19)
  • צַדִּיק בֶּאֱמוּנָתֹו יִחְיֶה the righteous will live by his faith (Habakkuk 2:4).
  • יְהוָה מֵמִית וּמְחַיֶּה מוֹרִיד שְׁאוֹל וַיָּעַל The LORD kills and makes alive; He brings down to Sheol and raises up (1 Samuel 2:6)
  • גַּם כִּי־אֵלֵךְ בְּגֵיא צַלְמָוֶת לֹא־אִירָא רָע כִּי־אַתָּה עִמָּדִי Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil, for You are with me; (Psalms 23,4)
  • 'כָּל עַצְמוֹתַי תֹּאמַרְנָה ה' מִי כָמוֹךָ' “All my bones will say, ‘O Hashem, who is like You’” (Psalms 35:10)
  • ברוך דיין האמת "Blessed is the True Judge." (Mishna Berachot 9,2)
  • זְכֹר ה' מֶה הָיָה לָנוּ Remember, O LORD, what has happened to us (Lamentations 5:1)
  • לֹא-אָמוּת כִּי-אֶחְיֶה וַאֲסַפֵּר מַעֲשֵׂי יָהּ I will not die, but live, And tell of the works of the LORD. (Psalms 118:17)
Français :
  • פֹּ״נ acronyme de פֹּה נִטְמַן, ici est enterré…
  • פ״ט acronyme de פֹּה טָמוּן, ici est enterré…
  • מצבה pierre tombale (Genesis 35:20)
  • תַּנְצְבָּ״ה, acronyme de תּהְיֶה נִשְׁמָתוֹ ou תְּהֵא נַפְשׁוֹ צְרוּרָה בִּצְרוֹר הַחַיִּים, que son âme soit reliée au faisceau de la vie! (d'après 1. Sam 25,29)
  • יְהוָה מֵמִית וּמְחַיֶּה מֹורִיד שְׁאֹול וַיָּעַל L'Éternel fait mourir et fait vivre. Il fait descendre au séjour des morts et il en fait remonter. (1 Samuel 2:6)
  • אֲנִי אָמִית וַאֲחַיֶּה "je fais mourir, et je fais vivre" (Deutéronome 32,39)
  • עפר אתה ואל עפר תשוב "tu es poussière et tu retourneras à la poussière" (Genèse 3,19).
  • צַדִּיק בֶּאֱמוּנָתֹו יִחְיֶה le juste vivra par sa foi (Habacuc 2:4).
  • יְהוָה מֵמִית וּמְחַיֶּה מוֹרִיד שְׁאוֹל וַיָּעַל L'Éternel fait mourir et il fait vivre. Il fait descendre au séjour des morts et il en fait remonter. (I Samuel 2,6)
  • גַּם כִּי־אֵלֵךְ בְּגֵיא צַלְמָוֶת לֹא־אִירָא רָע כִּי־אַתָּה עִמָּדִי Même quand je marcherais par la vallée de l'ombre de la mort, je ne craindrais aucun mal; car tu es avec moi ; (Psaume 23,4)
  • 'כָּל עַצְמוֹתַי תֹּאמַרְנָה ה' מִי כָמוֹךָ' Tous mes os diront : "qui est comme Toi Seigneur?" (Psaume 35,10)
  • ברוך דיין האמת Béni soit le Juge de vérité (Mishna Berachot 9,2)
  • זְכֹר ה' מֶה הָיָה לָנוּ Souviens-toi, Eternel, de ce qui nous est arrivé! (Lamentations 5:1)
  • לֹא-אָמוּת כִּי-אֶחְיֶה וַאֲסַפֵּר מַעֲשֵׂי יָהּ Je ne mourrai pas, je vivrai, Et je raconterai les oeuvres de l'Eternel. (Psaume 118:17)
Deutsch:
Oft ist auf בית עלמין Grabsteinen die Abkürzung "ח׳נ׳צ׳כ׳ה׳" zu finden. Das steht für:תהיה נפשו/ה צרורה בצרור החיים Seine/ihre Seele sei eingetragen im Bunde des ewigen Lebens (1. Sam 25,29)
System-search.svgSee also: Category:Hebrew writing.