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- en: Kulintang is a general term referring to an entire musical genre of traditional ensembles found in the Southern Philippines (Mindanao, Sulu), Eastern Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Maluku), Eastern Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak), Brunei and Timor. Ensembles in these regions that use a row of small gongs that function melodically and are supported by suspended large gongs and drums supplying rhythmic variation and structural emphasis would be classified under the kulintang designation.
- en: Kulintang also is the Maguindanao word for eight gong kettles which are laid horizontally upon a rack creating an entire kulintang set called a pasangan. This idiophone functions as a lead/central melodic instrument for the entire ensemble.