Liberal arts

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The seven liberal arts – Illustration from the Hortus deliciarum of Herrad of Landsberg (12th century).
Deutsch: Sieben freie Künste (Freie Künste)
English: In the history of education, the seven liberal arts (or liberal arts) comprised two groups of studies: the trivium and the quadrivium. Studies in the trivium involved grammar, dialectic (logic), and rhetoric; and studies in the quadrivium involved arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy (astrology).
Español: Artes liberales
Eesti: Vabad kunstid
Français : Arts libéraux
Galego: Artes liberais
עברית: שבע האמנויות החופשיות
한국어: 자유 인문
Latina: Septem artes liberales (Artes liberales)
Lietuvių: Septyni laisvieji menai
Nederlands: Zeven vrije kunsten
日本語: リベラル・アーツ
Polski: Siedem sztuk wyzwolonych
Português: Artes liberais
Русский: В истории образования семь свободных искусств (или просто свободные искусства) - цикл учебных дисциплин, который состоял из двух частей: тривиума и квадривиума. Тривиум включал в себя грамматику диалектику (логику), риторику, квадривиум - арифметику, музыку, геометрию и астрономию (астрологию).
Slovenčina: Sedem slobodných umení
Suomi: Vapaat taiteet
Svenska: De fria konsterna
Українська: Вільні мистецтва

The Seven liberal arts[edit]


The Seven liberal arts were the normal curricula from classical antiquity until the end of the Late Middle Ages, and somewhat later in some parts of Europe. The term modern term liberal arts refers to a particular type of educational curriculum broadly defined as a classical education. The term 'liberal arts' is described in the Encyclopædia Britannica as a "college or university curriculum aimed at imparting general knowledge and developing intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum."


In classical antiquity, the term designated the education proper to a freeman (Latin: libera, "free") as opposed to a slave.    ■Martianus Capella (5th century AD) defined the seven Liberal Arts as grammar, dialectic, rhetoric and geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, music.    ■Subsequently, later after the founding of the first western universities in the High Middle Ages the curricula of the medieval Western university the seven liberal arts were:

the Trivium: grammar    ■ rhetoric    ■ logic
the Quadrivium: geometry    ■ arithmetic    ■ music    ■ astronomy

In that era, mastery of the seven was a necessary precursor to the study of Theology, at the time the purpose of founding most universities. In modern colleges and universities, the liberal arts include the study of theology, art, literature, languages, philosophy, history, mathematics, and science.

Expansion movement to include the visual arts

During the Renaissance a considerable propaganda campaign was mounted to support the promotion to the number of liberal arts of architecture, painting and sculpture, though not necessarily for their inclusion in the educational curriculum in the same way. Previously they had been classified among the mechanical or manual arts. Among those writing to support their inclusion were Leon Battista Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Giorgio Vasari and many others. At least in Italy, and among Renaissance humanists, the battle was largely won by about 1500, though in "remoter nations" like Spain and England the process took up to another century.

















See also[edit]