# Logic diagram

**Logic diagrams** are diagrams in the field of logic, used for representation and to carry out certain types of reasoning.

## Basics, Tables[edit]

### Begriffsschrift[edit]

Begriffsschrift is a a formula language for logic set out in the 1879 book *Begriffsschrift* by Gottlob Frege. See *Category:Begriffsschrift*

### Carroll diagrams[edit]

A Carroll diagram is a logic diagram used for grouping things in a yes/no fashion. Numbers or objects are either categorised as 'x' (having an attribute x) or 'not x' (not having that attribute). See *Category:Carroll diagrams*

### Karnaugh maps[edit]

The Karnaugh map, also known as a Veitch diagram (KV-map or K-map for short), is a tool to facilitate the simplification of Boolean algebra IC expressions. See also *Category:Karnaugh maps*

### Operation tables in logic[edit]

See *Category:Operation tables in logic*

### Truth tables[edit]

A Truth table is a mathematical table used in logic to compute the functional values of logical expressions on each of their functional arguments, that is, on each combination of values taken by their logical variables. See Category:Truth tables.

## Graphs, Networks, Trees[edit]

### Argument maps[edit]

An Argument map is a visual representation of the structure of an argument in informal logic. It includes the components of an argument such as a main contention, premises, co-premises, objections, rebuttals and lemmas. See *Category:Argument maps*

### Binary decision diagrams[edit]

A Binary decision diagrams in the field of logic, like a negation normal form or a propositional directed acyclic graph, is a data structure that is used to represent a Boolean function. See *Category:Binary decision diagrams*

### Concept maps[edit]

A concept map is a logic diagram showing the relationships among concepts. See *Category:Concept maps*

### Conceptual graphs[edit]

Conceptual graphs give a formalized representation of natural language is based on semantic networks and Peirce's existential graphs, see *Category:Conceptual graphs*

### Existential graph[edit]

Existential graph is a graphical representation of propositional logic, proposed by Charles Sanders Peirce, who wrote his first paper on graphical logic in 1882 and continued to develop the method until his death in 1914. See *Category:Existential graphs*

### Hasse diagram[edit]

A Hasse diagram is a diagram in the order theory, which is a simple picture of a finite partially ordered set, forming a drawing of the transitive reduction of the partial order, see Category:Hasse diagrams

### Implication diagrams[edit]

A logical implication, in logic and mathematics, is a logical relation that holds between a set T of formulae and a formula B when every model or interpretation or valuation of T is also a model of B. See *Category:Implication diagrams*

### Kripke models[edit]

Kripke models are diagrams made for modal logics, and later adapted to intuitionistic logic and other non-classical systems. See *Category:Kripke models*

### Logic gates[edit]

### Porphyrian tree[edit]

A Porphyrian tree, created by the Phoenician Neoplatonic philosopher Porphyry (233–309 AD.), is a hierarchical ontology, construction in logic consisting of three rows or columns of words; the middlemost whereof contains the series of genus and species, and bears some analogy to the trunk.

### Semantic tableau[edit]

The semantic tableau is a logic diagram, which shows a decision procedure for sentential and related logics, and a proof procedure for formulas of first-order logic. See *Category:Semantic tables*

## Sets[edit]

### Edward's Venn diagrams[edit]

Edward's Venn diagrams are diagrams, that represent higher numbers of sets that features some symmetries. This construction developed by A.W.F. Edwards is achieved by projecting the Venn diagram onto a sphere. See *Category:Edward's Venn diagrams*

### Euler diagrams[edit]

Euler diagrams are diagrams used to illustrate reasoning. See *Category:Euler diagrams*

### Spider diagram[edit]

A spider diagram adds existential points to an Euler or a Venn diagram. See *Category:Spider diagrams*

### Venn diagram[edit]

Venn diagrams are illustrations that show all kind of the possible mathematical or logical relationships between sets, groups of things. See *Category:Venn diagrams*.

Related categories: Economic, Physical and Political Venn diagrams

- Venn diagrams in propositional logic

In some Venn diagrams all areas are marked with binary zeros (for *false*) and ones (for *true*), which may be represented by *white* and *red*. Logically these diagrams are equivalent to truth tables. Sometimes, they are called *Johnston diagrams*, but the article w:Johnston diagram has been deleted, because this term is unusual. On Commons the category is still *Category:Johnston diagrams*.

- Venn diagrams in predicate logic

The validity of a syllogism can be proofed by a 3 circle Venn diagram, by marking areas, which are known to contain either none or some elements. In the following examples empty areas are marked in *black*, and areas with at least one element are marked in *red*. See: *Category:3 circle Johnston diagrams*