Notes of the Melakarta ragams in Carnatic music shown in a keyboard layout. In this image C is used as Shadjam for simplicity sake only. In Carnatic music any note can be the tonic note (sruti), which is taken as Shadjam note.
Each chakra (group) consists of 6 ragams. The Melakarta chart showing all the 72 Melakarta ragams and composite notes is shown to the right. The chart is a pictorial representation of the Katapayadi sankhya hashing scheme.
Note: Swaras in carnatic music are relative, while notes in western music are fixed. While for example Sa is depicted as C on the key board in the pictures below, it can start from any key..say a Cb or a C#..but the relative distance between the notes are maintained per the rules of that raga. You can hence find an equivalent western scale for all melakarta ragaas and many Janya raagas. However Janya raagas divert from the rules of western scales in one or more of the following ways
- 1. Aarohana and avarahona need not be the same
- 2. Aarohana and avarohana need not be linear ..i.e you can have raagas like..Sa,Ga,Ri,Ga...for e.g