Index Imperatorum Romanorum

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The Principate[edit]

Julio-Claudian dynasty[edit]

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Bust of augustus.jpg Augustus
Gaius Octavius
GAIVS OCTAVIVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS

16 January 27 BC to 19 August AD 14
parents: Gaius Octavius and Atia Balba Caesonia
wife: Livia — children: Julia Caesaris
adopted children: Tiberius, Drusus
Tiberius bust.jpg Tiberius
Tiberius Claudius Nero
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS NERO
TIBERIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS

19 August 14 to 16 March 37
Parents: Tiberius Nero and Livia, adopted by Augustus
Wife: Vipsania Agrippina — Children: Julius Caesar Drusus
Caligula bust.jpg Caligula
Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus
GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR GERMANICVS
GAIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS

18 March 37 to 24 January 41
Parents: Germanicus and Agrippina Major
Wife: — Children:
Claudius MAN Napoli Inv6060.jpg Claudius
Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS DRVSVS
TIBERIVS CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS

24 January 41 to 13 October 54
Parents: Drusus and Antonia Minor
Wife:
1. Plautia Urgulanilla — Children: Claudius Drusus and Claudia
2. Aelia Paetina — Children: Claudia Antonia
3. Valeria Messalina — Children: Britannicus, Claudia Octavia
4. Agrippina Minor
adopted children: Nero
Nero Glyptothek Munich 321.jpg Nero
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
LVCIVS DOMITIVS AHENOBARBVS
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR DRVSVS GERMANICVS

October 54 to 11 June 68
Parents: Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina Minor (adopted by Claudius)
Wife: Claudia Octavia, Poppaea, Statilia Messalina — Children: Claudia Augusta

Year of the four emperors[edit]

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Stockholm - Antikengalerie 4 - Büste Kaiser Galba.jpg Galba
Servius Sulpicius Galba
SERVIVS SVLPICIVS GALBA
SERVIVS GALBA IMPERATOR CAESAR AVGVSTVS

8 June 68 to 15 January 69
parents: Servius Sulpicius Galba and Mummia Achaica
wife: Aemilia Lepida — children: -
adopted children: Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus
Oth001.jpg OthoDen.jpg Otho
Marcus Salvius Otho
MARCVS SALVIVS OTHO
IMPERATOR MARCVS OTHO CAESAR AVGVSTVS

15 January 69 to 16 April 69
parents: Lucius Otho and Terentia Albia
wife: Poppaea Sabina — children: -
adopted children: -
Artista del XVII sec, copia del vitellio grimani 01.JPG Vittelius monnaie ag1.JPG Vitellius
Aulus Vitellius
AVLUS VITELLIVS
AVLVS VITELLIVS GERMANICVS AVGVSTVS

2 January 69 to 20 December 69
parents: Lucius Vitellius and Sextilia
wife: - — children: -
adopted children: -

Flavian Dynasty[edit]

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Ritratto di vespasiano da ostia, 69-79 dc., 01.JPG Vespasian.jpg Vespasian
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS

1 July to 23 June 79
parents: Titus Flavius Sabinus and Vespasia Polla
wife: Domitilla — children: Titus, Domitian, Domitilla
adopted children: -
Head Titus Glyptothek Munich 338.jpg Titus
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS
IMPERATOR TITVS CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVS

15 January 69 to 16 April 69
parents: Vespasian and Domitilla
wife:
  1. Arrecina Tertulla
  2. Marcia Furnilla — children: Julia Flavia
    adopted children: -
Bust Domitian Musei Capitolini MC1156.jpg Domitian
Titus Flavius Domitianus
TITVS FLAVIVS DOMITIANVS
IMPERATOR CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS

24 October 51 to 18 September 96
parents: Vespasian and Domitilla
wife:
  1. Domitia Longina — children: one son and one daughter
  2. Julia Flavia
    adopted children: -

Nervan-Antonian dynasty - Five Good Emperors[edit]

Severan Dynasty, African, Asian and Syrian Emperors[edit]

Crisis of the Third Century[edit]

Emperors during the height of the Crisis[edit]

Gallic Empire 260 to 274[edit]

Illyrian Emperors[edit]

Tetrarchies, unifications and new splits[edit]

Dominate[edit]

Valentinian Dynasty[edit]

Britannic Empire 286 to 297[edit]

Late Roman Empire[edit]

Theodosian Dynasty[edit]

Western Empire[edit]

For continuation, see: list of Barbarian kings of Italy

Eastern Empire[edit]

Byzantine Emperors

For continuation, see: List of Byzantine emperors

Bust / Painting Coin Names and Reign Family
Nerva Tivoli Massimo.jpg NervaSest.jpg Nerva
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
Marcus Cocceius Nerva
IMPERATOR NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS

18 september 96 to 27 gennuary 98.
parents:Cocceius Nerva and Sergia Plautilla
Trajan-Xanten.JPG Trajan
Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
Marcus Cocceius Nerva
IMPERATOR CÆSAR DIVI NERVÆ FILIVS MARCVS VLPIVS NERVA TRAIANVS OPTIMVS AVGVSTVS FORTISSIMVS PRINCEPS GERMANICVS DACICVS PARTHICVS MAXIMVS

27 gennuary 98 to 9 august .
parents:Cocceius Nerva and Sergia Plautilla