Chaukhandi Stupa on a hill, Sarnath, commemorates the spot where the Buddha met his first disciples, dating back to the fifth century or earlier and later enhanced by the addition of an octagonal tower of Islamic origin.
The Buddha sits in 'European Posture' on a lion throne, his feet supported by a double lotus. His hands before his chest appear in the dharmachakramudra, the gesture associated with his First Sermon at Sarnath outside Benares in which he elucidated his doctrine, described as 'setting in motion the Wheel of the Law', in British Museum.
A statue depicting Buddha giving sermon, from Sarnath, now at Museum of Asian Art, Dahem Berlin.
Sculpture in buff sandstone: moustached male head. Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh, Maurya, 3rd century BC at National Museum, New Delhi.
Main part of Buddha. Sarnath, 3rd quarter of the 5th century. Sandstone from Chunar, H. 98 cm. Musée des arts asiatiques - Guimet, Paris.