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English: Sholem Aleichem (March 2 (February 18), 1859 – May 13, 1916) was a popular w:humorist and Russian Jewish author of w:Yiddish literature, including w:novels, w:short stories and w:plays. He did much to promote Yiddish writers, and was the first to pen children's literature in Yiddish. His work has been widely translated. The musical "w:Fiddler on the Roof" (1964), based on Sholom Aleichem's stories about his character Tevye the Milkman, was the first commercially successful English-language play about w:Eastern European Jewish life.