This work was first published in Malawi and is now in the public domain because its copyright protection has expired by virtue of the Copyright Act, 1989. The work meets one of the following criteria:
It is an anonymous work or pseudonymous work and 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
It is a photographic work or work of applied art and 25 years have passed since the year of its publication
It is a computer program and 10 years have passed since the end of the year in which it was first sold, leased or licensed
It is a audiovisual work and 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
It is a another kind of work and 50 years have passed since the death of the author (or last-surviving author)
It is one of "written laws and decisions of courts and administrative bodies as well as to official translations thereof; a report made by a commission of inquiry appointed by the Government or any agency thereof which is published by the Government"