This image contains potentially sensitive private information1. Publicly displaying this kind of information is, in some jurisdictions, restricted by privacy laws, independent from their copyright status. Before using this content, please ensure that you have the right to use it under the laws which apply in the circumstances of your intended use.
If the value of the image is not degraded by it, to protect the subject(')s(') privacy, you should removing the information2. Note that any image may have more uses than are apparent. You are solely responsible for ensuring that you do not invade someone else's privacy.
1 - Examples: License plates, real names, addresses (mail and Email), unique numbers, dates of birth/marriage, etc. In short, something might might lead to identity theft or harassment.2 - Removing the information can be done by blanking out the respective part of the image (EG. The license plate on a car).