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1 00:00:00,000 --> 00:00:11,004 Indian Institute of Science or IISc is a public institute and deemed university in Bangalore, India, for research and higher education in science and engineering. 2 00:00:11,004 --> 00:00:24,815 It is a premier scientific research institute in India and has been ranked 1st in the 'university' and 'overall' category for the last three consecutive years (2016–18) in the National Institutional Ranking Framework. 3 00:00:24,815 --> 00:00:37,186 The initial conversation of research institute for science to be setup in India happened between Jamsetji Tata and Swami Vivekananda, on their voyage from Japan to Chicago in 1893. 4 00:00:37,186 --> 00:00:50,757 Tata constituted a Provisional Committee to prepare a plan for setting up of an institute of research and higher education. The committee presented a draft proposal to Lord Curzon on 31 December 1898. 5 00:00:50,757 --> 00:01:01,601 Subsequently, Sir William Ramsay, a Nobel Laureate, was called on to propose a suitable place for such an institution who suggested Bangalore as the best location. 6 00:01:01,601 --> 00:01:10,005 Donors included Tata himself, Mir Osman Ali Khan, Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, and the State of Karnataka. 7 00:01:10,005 --> 00:01:21,249 The constitution of the Institute was approved by the Viceroy, Lord Minto, and the necessary Vesting Order to enable it to function was signed on 27 May 1909. 8 00:01:21,249 --> 00:01:37,868 Early in 1911, the Maharaja of Mysore laid the foundation stone of the Institute, and on 24 July, the first batch of students were admitted to the Departments of General and Applied Chemistry under Norman Rudolf and Electro-Technology under Alferd Hay. 9 00:01:37,868 --> 00:01:43,999 In 1958 the institute was granted the deemed university status by the UGC. 10 00:01:43,999 --> 00:01:59,730 At the time of the inception of IISc in 1909, Morris Travers, Sir William Ramsay's co-worker in the discovery of the noble gases, became its first Director. The first Indian Director was the Nobel Laureate Sir C V Raman. 11 00:01:59,730 --> 00:02:17,669 The IISc campus is located in the north of Bengaluru, about 4 kilometers from Bangalore City Railway Station and Kempegowda Bus Station, on the way to Yeshwantpur. The Institute is fully residential and is spread over 400 acres of land in the heart of Bengaluru city. 12 00:02:17,669 --> 00:02:36,928 IISc was ranked 251–300 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2018, the top institute in India, as well as 21 in Asian the 2018 ranking and 14 among BRICS & Emerging Economies University Rankings in 2017. 13 00:02:36,928 --> 00:02:43,812 The QS World University Rankings of 2019 ranked IISc 170 in the world. 14 00:02:43,812 --> 00:03:04,583 There six major divisions in the university. They are divided according to various sciences-Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Electrical Sciences, Mechanical Sciences, Physical and Mathematical Sciences, and Interdisciplinary Research. These are further divided into various departments and centres. 15 00:03:04,583 --> 00:03:19,042 Research students constitute more than 70% of the students on the campus. Ph D degrees offered in 40 different disciplines. Research programs leading to doctoral degrees are the main thrust in many departments. 16 00:03:19,042 --> 00:03:35,286 Masters degrees offered by the institute are classified into two categories: degrees by coursework, awarding Master of Technology, Master of Management, and Master of Design, and degrees by research, awarding Master of Technology (by research). 17 00:03:35,286 --> 00:03:48,497 The two-year M Tech program is available in almost all engineering departments. Due to stiff competition, one needs a high percentile in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering for admission into this program. 18 00:03:48,497 --> 00:04:00,501 The Department of Management Studies, one of the oldest management schools in the country (established in 1948), offers a Master of Management program exclusively for engineering graduates. 19 00:04:00,501 --> 00:04:12,905 The Center for Product Design and Manufacturing offers the Master of Design course. Started in 1996, the M Des program is a two-year, full-time postgraduate program. 20 00:04:12,905 --> 00:04:32,909 The first batch of undergraduate students was admitted in 2011. The program offers a four-year Bachelor of Science (by Research) and a five-year integrated Master of Science course in six disciplines: Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Material Science, Mathematics, and Physics. 21 00:04:32,909 --> 00:04:53,033 The library moved into the present premises in January 1965, built out of grants provided by University Grants Commission, in commemoration of the golden jubilee celebrations of the Institute in 1959. In 1995, the library was renamed as "J R D Tata Memorial Library". 22 00:04:53,033 --> 00:05:05,932 The annual budget of the library is over rupees 100 million (almost US$2,500,000) of which subscription towards periodicals alone is about rupees 90 million. 23 00:05:05,932 --> 00:05:21,736 The Computer Centre, established in 1970 as a central computing facility, became Supercomputer Education and Research Centre (SERC) in 1990 to provide state-of-the-art computing facility to the faculty and students of the Institute. 24 00:05:21,736 --> 00:05:29,907 It houses India's first petascale supercomputer CrayXC-40 and also the fastest supercomputer in India. 25 00:05:29,907 --> 00:05:44,174 The Indian Institute of Science collaborates with various government organisations like the Indian Ordnance Factories, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Indian Space Research Organisation, and Bharat Electronics Limited. 26 00:05:44,174 --> 00:05:57,793 IISc also works in collaboration with private industry and research labs like the Google Inc, General Motors, Microsoft Research, IBM Research, Boeing, Robert Bosch Foundation. 27 00:05:57,793 --> 00:06:21,852 Pravega is the annual science, technology and cultural festival of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Started in 2013 by the undergraduates of IISc, the fest is usually held on the third weekend of January.Vijyoshi, an annual national science camp for secondary school and undergraduate students, is hosted by IISc.