Turkish War of Independence

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Clockwise from top left: The British army is executing a death penalty in İzmit; Greek soldiers are occupying Smyrna; The Turkish delegation at the Sivas Conference; Turkish horse cavalry; Bayonet attack in Afyonkarahisar.
Türkçe: Türk Kurtuluş Savaşı, İstiklâl Harbi veya Millî Mücadele, I. Dünya Savaşı'ndan yenik çıkan Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nun İtilaf Devletleri'nce işgali sonucunda Misak-ı Millî sınırları içinde ülke bütünlüğünü korumak için girişilen ve mutlak Türkiye zaferiyle sonuçlanan çok cepheli siyasi ve askeri mücadele.
Deutsch: Der Türkische Befreiungskrieg (türk. Kurtuluş Savaşı) ist der Kampf der in Entstehung begriffenen türkischen Nation von 1919 bis 1923 unter der Führung von Mustafa Kemal gegen die europäischen Besatzungsmächte Großbritannien, Frankreich, Italien und Griechenland.
English: Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: Kurtuluş Savaşı) was fought following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire along with the Central Powers in World War I and subsequent Allied occupation of most of its territory; the resistance of Turkish Revolutionaries to Allied terms by the Turkish National Movement centered in Anatolia, ultimately leading to the foundation of today's Republic of Turkey.

Öncesi / Precursors (October 1918 - May 1919)[edit]

İşgallere karşı örgütlenme aşaması / Initial organization (May 1919-March 1920)[edit]

Savaş dönemi / Jurisdictional conflict (March 1920 - March 1922)[edit]

Batı Cephesi çarpışmaları / Conflicts in the Western Front, May 1919 – October 1922[edit]

Güney Cephesi çarpışmaları / Conflicts in the Southern Front, January 1920 - February 1921[edit]

Barış evresi / Stage for peace (March 1922- October 1923)[edit]