Typhoid fever (or enteric fever) is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Common worldwide, it is transmitted by ingestion of food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person.
World Map showing locations of typhoid fever outbreaks
Example of frank bloody "pea soup" diarrhea characteristic during the second week.
"Typhoid Mary" was forcibly quarantined as a carrier of typhoid fever in 1907.
Article about Typhoid Mary.
Unsanitary conditions led to an outbreak in Mauritius in 1980