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{Other uses | Juan Carlos Romero}} {{Infobox Senator | Name = Juan Carlos Romero | Pieimagen = Juan Carlos Romero | Office = Coat of arms of Argentina.svg
Senator of Argentina | District = Salta Province | Start = December 10 of 2007 | Inicio2 = December 10 of 1986 | Final2 = October in 1995 | Cargo3 = 20px
Governor of Salta | Inicio3 = December 10 of 2003 | Final3 = December 10 of 2007 | Predecesor3 = Roberto Ulloa | Sucesor3 = Juan Manuel Urtubey | Vicegobernador3 = Walter Wayar | Inicio4 = December 10 of 1999 | Final4 = December 10 of 2003 | Inicio5 = December 10 of 1995 | Final5 = December 10 of 1999 | BirthDate = Template:Start date | Lugarnac = Salta ( Salta) | Party = PJ | Spouse = Carmen Lucia Marcuzzi | Children = 4



Juan Carlos Romero (born Salta, November 16 of 1950) is a politician Argentina. Married with four children, graduated in Law from the University of Buenos Aires. Salta National Senator (1987-1995), Governor of the province of Salta, for three consecutive terms (1995-2007), and re-elected U.S. Senator from 2007-2012. Is currently Vice Chairman of the Senate of the Nation, and president of the Peronist Party District Salta. Son of Roberto Romero, elected governor of the province of Salta by the Justice Party (1983-1987).

== Studies ==[edit]

Graduated from the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences University of Buenos Aires with a law degree (1974). He received a Ph.D. in Political Science in 1976 at the same university. In the period 1976-1986 has served as a professor at the Catholic University of Salta, Faculty of Law, Professor of Commercial Law in the position of assistant professor.

== Public Office ==[edit]

In 1985 he joined the Constitutional Convention for the Reform of the Constitution of Salta (03/11/1985 to 02/06/1986), the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly of the Province of Salta. In the period 1986-1992, for the first time, he was elected Senator for the Province of Salta, occupying his time as Secretary of the Committee on Fuels, a member of the Economic Committee, member of the Committee on Budget and Treasury, becoming, later President of the same. In 1990, he expanded as secretary of the Bicameral Commission of the State Reform Act 2369.Dos years later, he was reelected a Senator, for the period 1992-1999, but in October 1995 left his bench, as was first elected as governor of Salta by the Peronist Party. In turn, he was Chairman of the Committee on Budget and Finance of the Senate of the Nation, vice president of the Economic Committee, secretary of the Fuel Committee, secretary of the Bicameral Commission on Reform of State, member of numerous committees agreements on international relations parliamentary, public works, communications, freedom of expression, Parliamentary Joint Account Review Administration, Foreign Affairs (until February 1993). Internationally, he represented the State before the Senate of the Latin American Parliament and secretary of the Special Committee on External Debt PARLATINO. He joined the Constitutional Convention by the Province of Salta in the National Constitutional Convention (1994). In October 1995, left his position as Senator to move to occupy the governor of Salta Province (1995-1999) In 1999, he won his second term as governor and was reelected with an overwhelming victory in elections. The provincial economic success encouraged him to seek the Presidency of the Nation for 2003 national elections, but finally decided to join forces with former President Carlos Saul Menem, as its candidate for Vice-President. The abandonment of Menem in the second round took him to again seek the governor of Salta. To be provincial elections in November 2003, was re-elected until 2007. Term as governor ended, he was elected senator of the Nation by the Province of Salta, vice president of the Senate and member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Committee on Budget and Finance, National Economy and Investment, Special Committee for the development and monitoring water resources (2007-2013).

== Charges ==[edit]

A line of matching, true its principles and ideology, he held various party posts, including: representative of the Peronist Party in the X STANDING CONFERENCE OF POLITICAL PARTIES (COPPAL), Panama, member of the Peronist Party Congress. District Salta (1986). Congressman for the National Justice Party (1987). Provincial Board member of the Peronist Party in Salta, president of the Peronist Party's Provincial Congress of Salta Provincial Council First Vice President of the Peronist Party of Salta, National Council member PJ (1991). District President of the Peronist Party Jump (1992). Secretary for Relations with the Senate, the Governing Board of the National Justice Party (1993). National Council member of the Peronist Party, the National District, president of the Peronist Party-District Salta (1995). National Council member of the Peronist Party - National District, Secretary of Indoctrination, president of the Peronist Party-District Salta (1999). Member of the National Justice Party Congress, the National District, president of the Peronist Party-District Salta (2003).

== Political Life ==[edit]

On December 10, 1995, Juan Carlos Romero began his first mandate to govern after being elected by the electorate Salta, to carry the highest office in the province. Then, in succession, two elections Romero consecrated again to go against the Public Administration of Salta. In those years, Salta changed markedly, took advantage of the combination of natural and human resources, legal security, basic infrastructure and especially the political will for development of the province.

Promoted a clear fiscal policy to create an optimal environment for the growth of production, the welfare of the people and the balance of public finances. Salta got to have a fiscal performance unmatched in the region, eliminated the fiscal deficit, improving revenue collection and paid the salaries on time despite the national crisis.

Promoted the establishment of various industries, foreign trade of our products, tourism and energy and mining sector as hubs for the development of the province and for the welfare of Salta.

Encouraged the development of tourism for its large multiplier effect, because it is a sector that promotes economic development in the province. With the entry of each tourist benefit of Salta, hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and other activities related directly or indirectly.

Favored the major economic sectors, and development of productive areas with various public works such as industrial parks, the resurfacing of Routes 5 and 30, the opening of new routes and bidding for new electricity networks. Also introduced a law on the environment to protect the natural resources of the province. So ensure the productive development of the region in a sustainable manner.

The health status of the province noted significant improvements in the period 1995-2007.Duplicó investment in health (hospitals, health centers and health posts built), was reduced by 50% infant mortality by 62% child malnutrition and 60% maternal mortality.

Education was one of the most important pillars of his administration. Secured the required number of days of actual classes, built an extensive network of school facilities (average per month was a school of management), 420 thousand students were enrolled in the education system in the province and trained over 12 000 teachers per year. From the beginning of his administration was aware that a transformation of Salta like that wanted to implement, could not promise success if it was centered education in the undisputed center of state policy. Increased the percentage of overall budget spent on education Province (step 25, 5%) established 185 days of classes (without interruption), expanded attention to the educational needs of Aboriginal peoples (28 educational establishments have taken to court under the definition of service lines to Aboriginal people.) In less than two years, were refurbished and modernized interior 723 schools, 114 of the capital of Salta and built 41 new schools. He managed the integration of the university in the government's education plan by the management of applied research through scientific cooperation agreements and technical. Consolidated the education system through social and political consensus in the sense that this ongoing process is the only way for the educational growth of the province and its people.

The Province of Salta province of Argentina is the greatest number of indigenous peoples houses in its territory, people live there TOBA, GUARANI, Chan, Chorot, Tapiete, Chulupí, WICHI, DIAGUITA CALCHAQUÍ and Koller. His administration, he developed an activity related to recognition of rights and their work had its main axis in the regularization of the land in which they live in community property been delivered almost a million acres to various communities. Enterprises were also developed housing, in communities such as Mission San Francisco (Pichanal), Lapacho I (Tartagal), Mission La Mora (Tartagal), Mission Km 6 (Tartagal), Mission Tranquitas (Tartagal), Mission Well Chan, the Chanar II Mission Pozo, Villa Primavera, the Mission Cortada, Duck Feather, Mission Wichi, Pozo Salado and New Hope, Dead Water, the Breal, Rising Sun Mission-La Union, San Felipe, Lot 26, Mission Peace, Km 2, Mission Grace, Km 1, Community Inata (High Sierra), Lantawan (High Sierra), the Board, Monte Verde, Dragon Quest, Carboncito, Chaco Mission, Mission La Horqueta, La Paloma, The Swallow and Km 6, all belonging to the Departments of Rivadavia and San Martín and the Community Organization of Pichanal Guarani People. On October 17, 2005, was inaugurated the headquarters of the Provincial Institute of Indigenous Peoples of Salta in Tartagal, which did not have its own headquarters until then, there are displayed different activities related to culture and development of Indigenous peoples region. In their turn in November 2007 was inaugurated the work of the new Sub Site Jump to the same entity. Moreover, also held in Salta, various forums, seminars and meetings related to the Culture, the Education Law and Indigenous Intercultural Bilingual Education.

He worked on a basis of equity and social justice to advance human development of Salta, as a measure of empowerment, creativity and growth possibilities. Including the Child Nutrition Plan responds to a growth strategy, promoting equal opportunities for all people. The cornerstones of Food Plans were established to provide the public availability, accessibility and education activities and nutritional food.

Got 97% of Salta access to potable water and 88% of the population has sewerage services. The total installed power increased by 48% and 98% of the population started to have electricity. Improved road communications in the Province, built houses, roads, power lines, pipelines, bridges and airstrips. While Salta grew significantly the agricultural frontier, creating jobs and production, towards the end of 2007 was the province with the largest protected area in Argentina, with a protected area of ​​over 2 million hectares (15% of provincial territory.) During his tenure, he began an effective process for the creation and management of protected areas in the province. "Producing preserving and conserving producing" was the slogan that accompanied the environmental management in the province of Salta. The great challenge of the "in situ" is to achieve the conservation of natural processes and elements associated with them, inside and outside protected areas while providing the ability to access the tangible and intangible benefits by society in general. In 2000, the Law No. 7107 of the Provincial System of Protected Areas, which has been central to the organization of the Natural Areas and key political and technical framework for the declaration of new conservation units.

With regard to tourism, developed an extraordinary growth in Salta as a tourist destination thanks to the strong advocacy and sustained investment in infrastructure during his administration. Defined tourism as a state policy. The number of tourists increased by 300% (in 1995 Salta received only 285,000 tourists by the end of 2007 exceeded one million tourists), built more than 150 new hotels, accompanied by new services. Tourism in Salta exceeded the average global growth, managing to consolidate the province as a destination for local and international level.

Understanding international relations have a growing importance in the economic, social and political state, the government promoted the integration of Salta to the world. Romero encouraged the integration of the Province, the areas of business development services for the people and strengthening the links in the northern region, with the rest of Latin America and the world. Among others highlights the agreements signed by the Province of Salta to the European Regional Conference (CPMR) and the United Nations Programme for Development (UNDP).

== ECONOMICS AND FINANCE ==[edit]

During the government of Dr. Juan Carlos Romero was restored macroeconomic balance in public finances by improving Salta taxation, allocation of government spending and debt levels, in order to create an optimal environment for business, production and welfare of the population. In 1995, the income level in the province was $ 735 million, at the end of fiscal 2006 revenues totaled $ 2.254 million showing an increase of 206% over 1995. PUBLIC REVENUEWith respect to the development of own revenue during the period 1995-2007 Romero administration succeeded in raising the province to grow by 360%. The total tax revenue in terms of PBG left with a value of 20.5% in 1995. In 2006 this value amounted to 24%. In a first stage, between 1995 and 2001, provincial revenues increased from $ 100 million to $ 121 million. In the second period 2002 - 2006 revenue is growing at a significant pace, from $ 121 million in 2001 to $ 438 million in 2006. Within this growth was the most important tax gross income tax (economic activities), a tribute to explain most of the variation in the collection. Of the $ 338 million total revenue increased $ 268 million of gross income provided, $ 49 million tax stamps, $ 4 million rural real estate, and $ 17 million in other taxes. collection management was improved in the province is more efficient and satisfactory compliance, maintaining constant since 2002 the rates of gross income.

== PUBLIC SPENDING ==[edit]

Texto in italics The total provincial expenditure was $ 2,018 million in current prices in 2006, an increase of 128% compared to 1995. If government spending is analyzed with respect to provincial GDP in 1995, spending amounted to 24.6% in 2002 and 2003 rose to values ​​of 16% and 17% respectively, rising to reach 21.5% in 2006. During the administration Romero investment in public works increased participation in capital spending to 22% in recent years (2003-2006), which was positive for the construction of infrastructure that promotes economic growth in the province. It is also important to note that public employment has remained relatively constant over the period 1995-2007, representing one of the lowest in the country for this indicator. In turn, the average salary for public employees rose by 71% between 1997 and 2006. RESULT FISCALTexto in italics in the year 1995 the province of Salta closed with the largest primary deficit in the last 12 years, reaching a value of $ 136.7 million, caused mainly by the high level of primary current expenditure and the low performance of current income. In 1995 the primary deficit was 3.8% Salta of PBG, resulting from a primary expenditure from 24.3% of GDP and revenue represented 20.5% of PBG. Since 2002 the primary outcome was always positive. Between 1996 and 2001 the province's surplus periods alternated with other periods but lower primary deficit levels, in both cases always less than $ 50 million. Surplus periods were 1996, which was an increase in current revenue and capital along with a drop in current expenditures, and both 1998 and 2001 explained mainly by a decline in capital spending. In contrast, the deficit years were 1997, showing an increase in capital expenditures, 1999, where for the poor performance of current revenues and a slight increase (7%) of primary current expenditure, the result was negative; and 2000, driven by increased capital expenditures. Since 2002, we get the primary result of the Government of Salta was always positive. This was possible because the rate of revenue growth was higher primary expenditures between 2002-2007. In 2006 the primary output reaches its maximum, exceeding $ 250 million, driven by large increases revenues, but mainly by a slowdown in primary expenditure. Analyzing the primary outcome of the Province in terms of PBG: in 1995 the deficit was 3.8% of PBG. By 2007 the value of the provincial deficit was 2.6% of PBG. Salta during the period 1995-2007 was one of the provinces with the country's fiscal performance. Since we had fewer periods with the primary deficit, and where changes were milder. It builds confidence and predictability necessary conditions to encourage investment in the province. DEBT PUBLICATexto in italics are carried out a viable and sustainable fiscal policy over time. The debt amount and percentage of GDP was increasing slightly in the years before 2002. Following the devaluation in that year, largely as a result thereof, the stock of debt in pesos of the province-level evidence of a change, representing around 30% of the provincial product in 2002. This increase in debt level was not repeated, but instead can be seen that for the years following the debt-to PBG is drastically reduced, being in 2006 about half of its value in 2002 and equated to the values start of the series. Analyzing the above, it is understood that if current ratios-primary surplus / PBG exist until 2007, the province of Salta can cope without any complications committed to saving services itself. In the future, you can change that picture is if you adjust the size of government in terms of the PBG, to an extent that would eliminate the budget surplus needed to make sustainable long-term State

== == GEOGRAPHIC == == GROSS In the period 1994-2006, the province recorded a growth of geographic product (GGP) of 2.7% per year better than the growth in the previous period, and that between 1986 and 1994 Salta grew 2.5% annually. It is important to these growth rates in context. During the years 1986 and 1994 the country grew by approximately 2.8% per year, and the rest of the provinces of NOA to 2.9%, so in that period Salta, was lagging behind growing at 2.5%. Between 1994 and 2006, the country grew to 2.3% and the rest of the provinces of NOA to 2.2%, so 2.7% Salta grew faster than the country and the rest of the NOA. In fact, of the 24 jurisdictions, by 2006 Salta ranked second in terms of increased growth rate (tied with Missions and Chubut, and only surpassed by Santiago del Estero). However, when analyzing the per capita product, Salta shows a very different, from second to thirteenth, due to its relatively high rate of population growth. In per capita terms, between 1994 and 2006 Salta grew to 0.84% ​​per year and per capita, although the rate is above that recorded for the NOA (0.64%) is below that recorded for the whole country ( 1.28%) in the same period. As mentioned above, in recent years the economy of Salta grew at a rate higher than the country, reaching nearly $ 14,000 million pesos (PBG 2007) but because of its strong population growth on GDP per capita grew at a much lower rate the whole country.

== POPULATION GROWTH ==[edit]

During the administration Romero, the province of Salta grew at annual rates of growth reached levels not seen since 1914. Between 1970 and 1991 the population of Salta grew 2.7% annually, while the population grew to 1.7%. Between 1991 and 2001 there was a reduction in the rate of growth was much stronger for the whole country (36%) than in Salta (18%). This lower rate reduction is the result of a smaller decline in the birth rate, an effect amplified by a further drop in the mortality rate in Salta. For the most growth, population density was higher in Salta in the whole country, going from 5.6 to 7 inhabitants per km2 per km2, an increase of 25%, while for the total country increased by 14%. As a result, Salta has a population pyramid with a much broader basis, 31.3% of the population is under 14 years and only 6.8% over 65 years, while for the whole country these values ​​are 25.7% and 10.2% respectively. Salta further that one can observe a greater population growth in the province had one of the most important process of urbanization. Thus while in Salta in 1991 to 79% of the population was urban, in 2001 this percentage was 83% (for the whole country rose from 87.2% to 87%), implying an average annual growth rate of 2.6% for the urban population Salta compared with growth of 1.3% for the whole country. The most striking difference is in the birth rate, where Salta has a rate 32% higher than the total country. Moreover, the province is currently receiving internal and external migrants, while in the NOA, except Catamarca and La Rioja provinces are all levels of emigration.

== ECONOMIC GROWTH ==[edit]

During the period 1995-2007 the economy Salta shows long-term growth higher than average growth and the country's total. The departure of Salta is evident to the mid 90's, when a general trend toward lower long-term economic growth, Salta achieved a minor fall. The difference becomes noticeable around 1998, where Salta shows a growth rate of long-term 60% higher than the national total, and 36% higher than other provinces in the northwest. This differential was maintained until 2003. Starting this year, reversing this trend and achieved growth rates over the long term, but do not reach the levels existing before the crisis. This recovery of growth potential, the country and the rest of the NOA have an increase higher than that of Salta, shortening the growth differentials. Salta anyway maintains a positive difference: in 2005 its growth rate was 24% higher than the national total and 7% higher than other provinces in the northwest. A current potential rate of 2.6% to Salta would take about 27 years to double its product, while for the country (with a rate of 2.4%) would take almost 30 years

== POVERTY AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION ==[edit]

Salta has high levels of poverty, despite having educational indicators in line with the national average. In recent years the reduction of poverty rate in the province has been similar to the observed reduction at country level. What worth mentioning is that poverty remains Salta similar to those existing in 1993, despite significant improvements in their level of human capital. According to the Gini coefficient (5), Salta in 1994 stood tenth among the 20 clusters analyzed, and maintained its relative position in 2007. In both cases, the distribution of income achieved in Salta was better than that achieved for the whole country, and very close to the average in other clusters. This means that the evolution of income distribution in Salta during the last 12 years did not escape the trend for the whole country, but suffered further the effect of the 2001-2002 crisis. However, the deterioration in income distribution is common to all provinces in the northwest. While the first semester of 2007 and May 1995 deteriorated by 2.3% Salta, Jujuy did by 3.7%, 5.2% Catamarca, Tucumán 10.6% and Santiago del Estero by 11.2%. So in the region, Salta province shows a relative improvement. Romero During the administration promoted the development of the whole province, to transform the reality of Salta build roads, health posts, roads, schools, hospitals and energy networks.

== EMPLOYMENT ==[edit]

Argentina is characterized by recurrent macroeconomic cycles affect the level of employment, unemployment, and real incomes of the employed. Since the early 90's, the population participating in the labor market Salta whether occupied or not, has seen sustained growth, interrupted only by the falls recorded in 2002 and 2006. This increase, which was equivalent to 3.8% annually between 1994 and 2007, meant that at that time were incorporated into the labor market 83,300 people, an average of just over 6,400 per year (6). During that time, were created Genuine 70,500 jobs. However, the unemployment rate (calculated as a proportion of a population that has grown, the PEA) in 2007 stood at 10.5%, slightly below the rate for 1994. A similar pattern is repeated in the NOA region and even in all the country's urban centers. In the period under study, the change in employment has accompanied the growth cycle of Gross Geographic Product (GGP) of the province, increasing in the second half of the 90, to contract sharply in the 2001-2002 crisis, and returning to recover from 2003. It is remarkable that over the years, the increase in employment was proportionally greater than the expansion of economic activity, while PBG grew 37% between 1994 and 2006, the real job he did at 53%. What is an indicator that favors the prospects for the economic dynamism of Salta, is that in terms of population, with 39 offices per 1000 inhabitants, the size of the Salta provincial government employment declined between 1994 and 2006, resulting addition to the lowest in the country. Informality with unemployment have become the most important challenge to face in the labor market, from the significant growth seen throughout the country over the past two decades. One element that plays into the formal labor market in Salta is the low level of judicial conflict is recorded in relation to most of the provinces.

== TOURISM ==[edit]

Salta's extraordinary growth as a tourist destination responds to intense and sustained campaign to promote investment in infrastructure during the administration Romero (1995-2007). Tourism was defined as a state policy. Salta was present in the most important international tourism fairs. The number of tourists increased by 300% in 1995 Salta received only 285,000 tourists by the end of 2007 exceeded one million tourists. They have built more than 150 new hotels, accompanied by new services across the province were generated tourism development poles. Tourism in Salta exceeded the average world growth, we consolidate the province as a destination for local and international tourist transformation of the Province of Salta is structured around 3 specific plans: Plan ▪ Strategic Planning ▪ ▪ Promotion Management Plan quality since the beginning of the administration Romero was promoted tourism as a state policy.

== ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ==[edit]

Since 1995 we started building a strategic road network for the province, linking previously isolated villages and providing access to all areas of the productive apparatus. Improving communications is vital for economic growth and production of a Province. In the first 3 years, the government paved 250 kilometers of roads, 8 bridges were built and 7 airports within the province. For progress and development of Salta was spent between 1995-2005 more than double of what is historically invested in public works for the province, reaching more than $ 33,700,000 pesos. Various investments were promoted throughout the province for the provision of road infrastructure as openness, improvement, widening, paving or resurfacing of roads, repair bridges, road crossings resolution, or courses of streams and sanitation projects or works required for hydraulic specify a complete path or a network. The importance of a government to invest in infrastructure that lies also generated thousands of jobs. We conduct a significant investment in road construction. Latest Capital works and interior were the work of the Avenues Bolivia, Kennedy and Arenales, and the construction of the Bypass Highway Route 33 Oeste.La sector in the section Track - Pie de la Cuesta, and the stretch Stone Mill - Cajoncillo. Anta was working on Route 5 from Lumbreras to Lajitas. Repave Route 21 to Cerrillos, the 23 to Rosario de Lerma and Route 26. Only in 2006 were more than ten miles of defenses in the rivers and over one hundred and ten miles from channeling. You built seventy miles of canals. Rutan paving were key N 51, Salta, Paso de Sico, National Highway No. 9, access to the city of Salta and West Ring Expressway During the government of Dr. Juan Carlos Romero was created for an urban freeway edge Jump to the west. The new expressway of 18 kilometers in length, with four distributors, cross Interbarrial and three major bridges will drop from the road to San Lorenzo (from Grand Bourg and La Almudena) to Columbus Road (Route 24) along Villa Hortensia, Atocha , Rebecca, and San Luis Prado. The Western Bypass will have two-lane roadway of 7.40 meters wide, which were calculated with a design speed of 100 kilometers per hour. Traffic routes shall be separated by a distance of 12 meters and have shoulders external and internal 2.95 meters 1.95 meters. The project provides a central planter of 8 meters, a lighting system with double-arm central columns and a bike path that will measure 3 meters wide along the entire length of the collector. The new highway will have four main dealers: the first on the road 28 (road to San Lorenzo), the second 4 miles down (Route 150), third in National Route 51 (Kennedy Avenue) and the fourth at the intersection with way to Columbus. The pair are expected Interbarrial six crossings to link current and future developments in different sectors of the municipal boundaries Capital, San Lorenzo and Cerrillos. The work of the Beltway West, began in June 2006. Soil movement were made in the progressive works of art, 40% of fences, bridges Interbarrial No. 1 and 2 with cyclopean concrete foundations. It may be recalled that within the Plan of roads, the work of West Bypass is another stretch for Salta pre-granted as roadworks fundamental importance in combating traffic congestion. It is similar to a highway that has access to the city of Salta in almost the same design conditions, with speed of 110 kilometers per hour, which binds the entire western sector of the city. This means that traveling to the south who have a delay of 10 minutes of walking, which today means to enter and exit the city to go from north to south, east or west. Is part of the ring road, that begins with the provincial route 28, which goes to San Lorenzo San Pablo near the College and La Almudena. Continued from north to south, south through the San Lorenzo River and Arias. To the west of the town of Atocha, crosses the Rio Arenales, 51 routes that will Quijano to 1.5 or 2 miles from the airport. Continue southbound until junction with Provincial Road No. 24 which is next to the path of Matches, known as Columbus. " However, the highway that will run on the west of the capital of Salta will open a link to alternative avenues of Paraguay and Veterans. on one flank toward where lies the city of Salta. At the same time, the distributor of the road to Columbus will mark the starting point for a future extension of the motorway into the heart of Valle de Lerma, who today have no other direct link to the capital than the old, outdated and dangerous National Route 68. The inversion of the highway over 81 million pesos.

== ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE ==[edit]

The total installed power in the province increased by 48% as a result of an energy policy conducted during the administration Romero. We make 98% of the population has electricity Salta, when in 1995, when we assume the government, electricity only reached 60% of households Salteños. In addition the number of industrial customers increased by 66% indicating a strong progress in local production. Completed construction of an extensive network of medium and low voltage reaches the 2,700 km2.

== HEALTH POLICY ==[edit]

The objective was to carry out a health policy of equal opportunities in access to services for all Salta. We believe that an orderly Province was able to cover and finance these services. The implementation of public hospitals that began in 1998, designing hospitals as decentralized constantly aiming to improve the health of the population under its responsibility, ensuring it is free. Hospitals are seeking more equitable, participatory and supportive, with profound changes in its organizational culture, which optimize their effectiveness, efficiency and quality in the integrated and comprehensive health of all Salta. More optimal use of available resources, has allowed for the lowest number of maternal and infant mortality in the history of the province. Since April 1997 there were no cases of cholera, thus demonstrate that the effectiveness of actions implemented in the disease prevention and health promotion to combat this scourge, which whipped our province since 1992. Ensuring the right to health was the compromiso.Se fulfilled. With health services worked to obtain a decisive factor for the world's most modern government: the real cost of health-and education-two essential parameters completely neglected by previous governments. The transformation of the health service had its genesis in the provincial plan, which met the following objectives: ▪ changed the conditions of health of the population through the integration of resources and services from public institutions, social security and private activity. ▪ Ensured service coverage of the population with basic care and developing model health care in the same place where people live and work. ▪ be articulated and integrated services networks of increasing complexity by organizing activities to promote health, disease prevention, recovery and rehabilitation from primary care. ▪ be promoted and achieved the inclusion of all stakeholders in the health-disease process ▪ administrative processes were refined and strengthened the leadership, management and self-management of health services.

== INFANT MORTALITY AND MATERNA ==[edit]

Texto in italics The optimal use of available resources, has allowed for the administration Romero is achieved the lowest infant mortality in the history of the province. Infant mortality has been declining consistently over the last decade, was reduced by 50%. We managed to Salta in the national context is below average, and among the top 8 provinces in the ranking of infant mortality, while in 1995 the 20 * Province occupied the place. Another statistic that reflects progress in health indicators in the province is the significant decline in maternal deaths. We got the maternal mortality rate is reduced by 60%. There was a substantial reduction, which allowed narrowing the gap with the average for the country from 5.3 to 1.8 percentage points, and improve its position in the national ranking of the twenty to 15 th place. Italic DESNUTRICIONTexto the year 2005 had been that 30,000 children are under surveillance in the nutritional surveillance program, representing an increase of 26% compared to 1995. By the year 2005 in Salta had more than 200,000 children under 6 years included in the nutritional program. During 1995, 29 out of 100 children suffering severe cases represented by the year 2005 11 out of 100 malnourished children accounted for severe cases. Having achieved a 62% reduction in that period. INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE SALUDTexto in italics As to structural changes in health care administration Romero shows a marked increase reflected in the number of hospitals and health centers. At the beginning of the period, in 1995 Salta had 126 hospitals and health centers, by 2005 the Province happened to have 170, not including over 250 health posts created throughout the province. This progress is achieved at an enormous fiscal effort and the implementation of a real state policy in this area. Only in infrastructure in 1996-2004 was invested approximately 80 million pesos. The construction, renovation and expansion of hospitals, health centers and health posts to improve and optimize the quality of services and community care were priority actions in the past 12 years, all hospitals of the province were extended or refurbished. In response to population growth, now has 58 Salta 463 hospitals and care units (health centers and health posts). The increase in building infrastructure was mainly due to the budget that was assigned to the area, which was increasing year by year to cover the need to optimize health services. For twelve years in office were constructed ▪ 14 new hospitals, among which are included for: Apolinario Saravia, Nazareno, Salvador Mazza, Urundel, Tartagal, Santa Victoria Este, Santa Victoria Oeste, Hipólito Yrigoyen, El Potrero, Mosconi, Rivadavia South Banda Cafayate, and the New Hospital El Milagro and New Children's Hospital in the city of Salta. You built: ▪ 19 new health centers. ▪ 44 health posts. Rework, enlarged and repaired: 148 works in Hospitals ▪ ▪ 80 ▪ Health Centers Health Posts 60 in ▪ All this required an investment of over 120 million pesos. ▪ New Cafayate Hospital: This hospital became the most complex of the region and that has computer equipment, networking and high-tech operating rooms, birthing advanced appliances and childcare. ▪ Nuevo Hospital El Milagro: A model hospital for the region from the standpoint of technical and managerial. The same profile is public and free with attention mainly focused on the population without social security coverage. This hospital was inaugurated by Governor Juan Carlos Romero in 2000, has a building structure and equipment of high technology, unique in the region. El Nuevo Hospital El Milagro has 229 authorized hospital beds. The adult inpatient rooms have two beds each with private bath. The Neonatal Service has 17 seats for Neonatal Intermediate, 26 seats for premature infants and 17 seats for Newborn Intensive Care (60 posts in total). This service is an example and pride of Salta, as it is relevant Provincial and NOA. Intensive Therapy Service for Adults with 6 beds equipped with advanced technology, of which 2 are in isolation. The Intermediate Care Sector adult has a strength of 4 beds. The Hospital has 25 local outpatient programs available to the user accesses through a toll-free (0800-555-7755) and funcionantodos weekdays from 08:00 until 20:00. Obstetrics Service is equipped with 2 operating rooms and 9 RPTU (Labor Units, Recovery and Postpartum). In these units is constantly accompanied by the mother during labor by the family of her choice. Central Theatre Area has 5 operating rooms equipped with cutting-edge technology and 6 positions post-anesthesia recovery. Within the area is the Central Surgical Sterilization. Human resources are the most important asset available to the institution and is comprised of more than 500 workers. ▪ New Children's Hospital: Today is a fact the new Children's Hospital of the Province, which will replace the current building has been operating since 1913. With this piece of Salta will have a modern Mother and Child, one hospital that is designed to serve pregnant women and children up to age 14, with all specialties. This work demands the state invested 25 million dollars, becoming the reference Paediatric Hospital and enabling NOA assist the population of children with fairness and giving the space they deserve and need. ▪ Hospital San Bernardo: In the San Bernardo were major renovations: - Renovation of operating rooms; - Became a recovery room delServicio of Cardiac Surgery, the only free in the region; - Is equipped with modern infrastructure and equipment in the dental clinic; - We have the new Coronary Care Unit Service - 30 new offices; - Was built bathrooms in all rooms of boarding, which have three beds each with private bath. "Concludes the work of remodeling the Emergency Service ranger, who will become a model throughout the north of the country, its modern infrastructure and equipment they will have this service - It also gave the San Bernardo Hospital of modern equipment in the endoscopy services, radiology, gastroenterology.

== EDUCATION POLICY ==[edit]

Since 1994 the province of Salta has improved educational indicators. The average schooling of the adult population (aged 18 and over) increased by 10.3% during the period 1994-2007, from 9.7 years to 10.7 years. These levels exceed the total average schooling of the country's urban centers and major urban centers in the northwest. We worked hard to reverse the situation of the Province for education out of the chaos which was the system. The following are the most significant achievements of the first 2 years in office (1995-1997): ▪ An increased percentage of overall budget spent on education Province (step 25, 5%) ▪ 185 days were set class ▪ uninterrupted care was extended to the educational needs of Aboriginal peoples, 28 educational establishments have taken over the judicial definition of service lines to Aboriginal people. Previously, only 6 schools attended these needs. By 1997 the province was achieved with 70 bilingual teachers. ▪ By 1996 there were five special education schools. In less than two years that number grew to twenty-five, all equipped with computers with synthesized voices and characters for the visually impaired magnified. ▪ Between 1996 and 1997 the province has invested heavily in education infrastructure. In less than two years, were refurbished and modernized interior 723 schools, 114 of the capital of Salta and built 41 new schools. ▪ It was possible the inclusion of the university in the government's education plan by the management of applied research, through agreements of scientific and technical collaboration. ▪ 1,200 scholarships were awarded to the best college students in 1997. ▪ They gave 110 fellowships abroad for young Salta abroad during 1997. One step in that education was placed within reach of all, with a strong investment policy in teacher training, teaching materials, in creating infrastructure, provision of equipment and technology acquisition for all escuDurante the first quarter of 2007 the city of Salta was seventh in terms of schooling of its population among the 29 urban areas, and being the best in the NOA. We received a province with an evil system that produced delays in paying teachers' salaries, reduced the number of school days for students, generated a notable absence of projects and the divestment of the system. elasticity of the province. Work is focusing on educational quality as permanent feature of the transformation of the system through constant monitoring of the content, training, infrastructure, incorporation of technology and investment. We consolidate the education system through social and political consensus in the sense that this ongoing process is the only way for the educational growth of the province and its people.

Published Works == == 1990 "In the Emergency" - Buenos Aires.

1992 "The New Central Bank" - Buenos Aires.

1994 "The Construction of the New Consensus" - Salta

1995 "In Salta - By Region - For the Country" - Good Aires.

1999 "The First Stage of Development of the Province of Salta" - First Edition - Salta (Year 2000 - Second Edition)

External links[edit]

Template:SORT: Romero, Juan Carlos

En: Juan Carlos Romero