In Polish literature, the term arras (from the town of Arras in Artois, France) refers to tapestries commissioned by King Sigismund Augustus of Poland for his residence at the Wawel Castle, as well as other tapestries of similar quality made in Flanders in the 15th–16th centuries. Arrases are closely woven, using wool, silk and large amounts of silver and golden thread, and are characterized by their elaborate and subtly executed design. (Holc, Jerzy () "Wawel tapestry collection: an overview of past and present conservation practice in Krakow, Poland" in Tapestry Conservation: Principles and Practice, Routledge, pp. 171−172 )
Wawel arrases are part of the Wawel Royal Castle National Art Collection.