Category:Nicholas I of Russia

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Беларуская: Мікалай I Паўлавіч(25 чэрвеня (6 ліпеня) 1796, Царскае Сяло — 18 лютага (2 сакавіка) 1855, Санкт-Пецярбург) — імператар Расійскай Імперыі з 19 лістапада (1 снежня) 1825 па 18 лютага (2 сакавіка) 1855.
Deutsch: Nikolaus I. Pawlowitsch (* 25. Junijul./ 6. Juli 1796greg. in Zarskoje Selo bei Petersburg, † 18. Februarjul./ 2. März 1855greg. in Sankt Petersburg), aus dem Haus Romanow-Holstein-Gottorp war als Nikolaus I. Kaiser des Russischen Reiches und zwischen 1825 und 1830 letzter gekrönter König von Polen, der dritte Sohn des Zaren Paul I.
English: Nicholas I (Russian language: Николай I Павлович, Nikolai I Pavlovich), 6 July (25 June, Old Style), 1796 – March 2 (18 February Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. He was also King of Poland until his deposition in 1831.
Eesti: Nikolai I (6. juuli (juliuse kalendri järgi 25. juuni) 1796– 2. märts (18. veebruar) 1855) oli Venemaa keiser 1825–1855.
Suomi: Nikolai I (6. heinäkuuta 1796 Tsarskoje Selo – 2. maaliskuuta 1855 Pietari) oli Romanov-hallitsijasukuun kuulunut Venäjän keisari, Puolanmaan tsaari ja Suomen suuriruhtinas vuosina 1825–1855.
ქართული: ნიკოლოზ I (დ. 25 ივნისი/6 ივლისი, 1796, გაჩინის სასახლე, სანქტ-პეტერბურგი — გ. 18 თებერვალი/2 მარტი, 1855, სანქტ-პეტერბურგი) — პოლონეთის ბოლო გვირგვინნაკურთხი მეფე 1825-1830 და რუსეთის იმპერატორი 1825-1855 წლებში.
Latviešu: Nikolajs I (1796.-1855.), Krievijas impērijas imperators 1825.-1855. g., Polijas karalis 1829.-1855. g., Somijas lielkņazs 1825.-1855. g..
Молдовеняскэ: Николае I Павловичь (6 іуліе (стил ноу)/25 іуніе (стил веки), 1796-2 мартіе (стил ноу)/18 фебруаріе, (стил веки), 1855), а фост Ꙟмпърат Русіеи дин 1825 пынь Ꙟ 1855, ши реџе ал Полоніеи дин 1825 пынь Ꙟ 1831.
Norsk bokmål: Nikolaj I (født 6. juli 1796, død 2. mars 1855) var keiseren av Russland og konge av Polen mellom 1825 til sin død i 1855.
Polski: Mikołaj I Pawłowicz (ur. 6 lipca 1796 w Carskim Siole, zm. 2 marca 1855 w Sankt Petersburgu) – cesarz Rosji od 26 grudnia 1825 (koronowany na cesarza 22 sierpnia 1826 roku), król Polski od 1825 (koronowany na króla Polski 24 maja 1829 roku, zdetronizowany przez polski Sejm w 1831), brat Aleksandra I (1777-1825), trzeci syn Pawła I (1754-1801), z dynastii Romanowów. Nazywany Mikołajem I Pałkinem.
Русский: Николай I Павлович (25 июня (6 июля) 1796, Царское Село — 18 февраля (2 марта) 1855, Петербург) — император Всероссийский с 14 декабря (26 декабря) 1825 по 18 февраля (2 марта) 1855 года, царь Польский и великий князь Финляндский.
Svenska: Nikolaj I Pavlovitj, född 6 juli (25 juni enligt g.s.) 1796 i Gattjina, nuvarande Leningrad oblast, död 2 mars (18 februari enligt g.s.) 1855, var kejsare av Ryssland, kung av Polen och storfurste av Finland 1825–1855.
Українська: Микола I Павлович ( 25.6.(6.7)1796 — 18.2.(2.3.)1855) — російський імператор (1825-55).

Issue[Bearbeiten]

Nicholas married Charlotte of Prussia (1798 - 1860) who thereafter went by the name Alexandra Feodorovna. Charlotte was daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Nicholas and Charlotte were third cousins, as they were both great, great grandchildren of Frederick William I of Prussia.

Name Birth Death Notes
Tsar Alexander II April 17 1818 March 13 1881 married 1841, Marie of Hesse and by Rhine; had issue
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg 1819 1876 married 1839, Maximilian de Beauharnais; had issue
Stillborn Daughter 22 July 1820 22 July 1820
Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna September 11 1822 October 30 1892 married 1846, Karl of Württemberg
Stillborn Daughter 23 October 1823 23 October 1823
Category:Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia June 24 1825 August 10 1844 married 1844, Landgrave Friedrich-Wilhelm of Hesse-Kassel
Grand Duchess Elizabeth Nikolaevna of Russia 7 June 1826 c.1829
Grand Duke Constantine Nikolaevich 1827 1892 married 1848, Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg; had issue
Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich July 27 1831 April 13 1891 married 1856, Alexandra of Oldenburg; had issue
Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich October 13 1832 December 18 1909 married 1857, Cecilie of Baden; had issue

Illegitimate Issue[Bearbeiten]

Many sources state that Nicholas did not have an extramarital affair until after 25 years of marriage, in 1842, when the Empress was forbidden from sex, due to her poor health and recurring heart-attacks, by her doctors. Many facts dispute this claim. Nicholas fathered three known children with mistresses prior to 1842, including one with his most famous, and well documented, mistress Barbara Nelidova.

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