Category:Braille letters (6 dots)

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In this category, the images of 6-dots Braille patterns are numbering dots 1 to 6 vertically (as shown in the table on the right). These characters are assigned in the Unicode and ISO/IEC 10646 standards at the begining of the "Braille Patterns" block (in the subrange U+2800..U+283F) and ordered so that the lowest 6 bits of their code point values are numbered in the same order as this traditional numbering of dots in standard Braille patterns.

However their names given in the images below indicate the letters (without distinction of case), digits, or symbols mapped on those patterns in the French Braille standard. There are differences across languages (and scripts) about how their letters (or sometimes digrams or trigrams) are assigned to each symbol. However there's a consensus for the basic alphabet of each script, so basic Latin letters are normally assigned to the same Braille patterns in all languages using the same Latin letters (those standard mappings are shown with yellow background in the table below); some basic Latin letters not used within a given language may be replaced by other letters, digrams or symbols. Many Braille patterns may play also different roles contextually, by mean of a few special prefix patterns (to allow distinctions of capitals vs. minuscules; or letters vs. digits, maths symbols, and abreviations).

  .0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
U+280.

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A 1

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,

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B 2

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K

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;

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L

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C 3

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I 9

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F 6

Brp01.svg
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Ì

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M

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S

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P
U+281.

Brp00.svg
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E 5

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:

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H 8

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*

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O

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!

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R

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Brp11.svg
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D 4

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J 0

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G 7

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Ä

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N

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T

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Q
U+282.

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Å

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?

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Ê

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-

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U

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V

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Brp11.svg
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Î

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Ö

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Ë

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Ò

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X

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È

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Ç
U+283.

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Û

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.

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Ü

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Z

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()

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À

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Brp11.svg
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Ô

Brp01.svg
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W

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Ï

Brp01.svg
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Brp11.svg
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Y

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Ù

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É
marks positions for special characters

The traditional order of Braille patterns is different, and consists in several groups of growing reading complexity, but arranged for easier learning (an additional subset only contains the fixed-width empty pattern, used like a space for word separation). Patterns shown with red background are used as prefixes or notations with special purpose. For example :

  • Letters by default are all lowercase, except when prefixed by a capitalize special pattern (if this special pattern occurs twice, the following letters are explicitly emphasized to all uppercase, up to the end of word; special sequences starting by other special patterns may be used for longer runs of capitalized text). Basic letters (with yellow background) are standard across languages, other languages may assign them differently (the assignments below are standardized for French, those above are for German). Two successive capitalize special patterns can prefix the small-capitals case of letters (typically used for noting Roman numbers).
  • Digits encoded in the 10 positions of group 1 are only valid after the special number prefix pattern, up to a space pattern or a base-value pattern that restores the alphabetic mode; however they are replaced by the 9 first patterns of group 4 or by the number pattern for digit 0, when using instead the maths prefix pattern (which also encodes more characters in groups 5 and 6, while keeping all basic Latin letters in groups 1 to 4 for the abbreviated notation of alphanumeric values), or after the superscript and subscript special patterns, up to the next punctuation or the next base-value special pattern or the next space or line-break.
  • Punctuation signs in group 5 are normally always followed by a space; this also allows additional typographic symbols (including some that are specific to the Braille script) to be composed by using two or three patterns assigned to punctuation signs, and/or to extended letters (outside the basic set shown with yellow background). Opening and closing quotation marks are glued without any space to the words they enclose, so they are encoded identically (exceptions to this interpretation rule may use the base-value special pattern).
  • The two special modifier prefixes can be used to replace standard characters mnemonically (e.g. currency signs, letter-like symbols, or related punctuation).
  • Finally, the symbol with all 6 dots set (in group 3) will be interpreted as an erasure when it is repeated (this is used to cancel a composition error when Braille patterns are punched directly on paper, or to signal a missing value in a table cell).
Group
1

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A  1

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B  2

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C  3

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D  4

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E  5

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F  6

Brp11.svg
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G  7

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H  8

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I  9

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J  0
Group
2

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K

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L

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M

Brp11.svg
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N

Brp10.svg
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O

Brp11.svg
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P

Brp11.svg
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Q

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R

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S

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T
Group
3

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U

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V

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X

Brp11.svg
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Y

Brp10.svg
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Z

Brp11.svg
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Ç

Brp11.svg
Brp11.svg
Brp11.svg


É

Brp10.svg
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À

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È

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Ù
 
Group
4

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  1

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Ê  2

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Π 3

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Ô  4

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Û  5

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Ë  6

Brp11.svg
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Ï  7

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Ü  8

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Œ  9

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W
Group
5

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,

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;

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  ÷

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.

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?  subscript

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!  +a
 
Group
6
 

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"  =

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(

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emph.end  ×

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)

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'

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/

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@
 
 
Group
7

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number  0

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note-call

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-  ...

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superscript

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modifier1

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emphasize

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capitalize

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modifier2

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base-value

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maths
Group
8

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space
 
  • Group 1 always has at least 1 dot in the 1st row, at least 1 dot in the 1st column, and no dots in the 3rd row.
  • Group 2 = Group 1 + dot 3
  • Group 3 = Group 2 + dot 6
  • Group 4 = Group 1 + dot 6
  • Group 5 and start of group 6 = Group 1 with all dots moved 1 row below
U+26A0.svg
This category contains SVG files showing very simple images. To draw uncomplicated graphics by hand seems more adequate than to use an editor, and will result in often dramatic reduction of file size.
For an example, see file Braille X.svg.

Subcategories

This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total.

1

C

E

H

J

K

Media in category "Braille letters (6 dots)"

The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total.