The Glagolitic alphabet is the first Slavic alphabet created in 862 or 863 by St. Cyril and Methodius. This alphabet was used in more Slavic lands: Bohemia and Moravia, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Kievan Rus etc. It was mostly used in Croatia, where it remained till 19th century but from 16th century onwards it slowly gave way to Latin alphabet. There are two types of the Glagolitic alphabet; one is Angular Glagolitic alphabet and the other is Round Glagolitic alphabet.
In English this alphabet is called Glagolitic, name that is coined centuries after the alphabet was invented. The name comes from the Slavic word glagolъ, which means speak or utterance. It has been conjectured that the name glagolitsa developed in Croatia around the 14th century and was derived from the word glagolity, applied to adherents of the liturgy in Slavonic.
In the following list are given the names of the alphabet in the modern Slavic language:
- Belarusian: глаголіца / hlaholitsa
- Bulgarian: глаголица / glagolitza
- Croatian: glagoljica
- Czech: hlaholice
- Hungarian: glagolita/ glagolica
- Macedonian: глаголица / glagolica
- Polish: głagolica
- Russian: глаголица / glagólitsa
- Serbo-Croatian: glagoljica/глагољица
- Slovene: glagolica
- Slovak: hlaholika
- Ukrainian: глаголиця / hlaholytsia
Note: This table is ordered by the English name of the letters. See Image:Glagolica.gif for the alphabet's own order.
|Izhitsa||Jat||Jer||Jerj||Jery||Jest||Jo||Ju||Jus "E"||Jus "Je"|
|Jus "Jo"||Jus "O"||Kako||Kher||Ljudi||Mislete||Nash||Oht||On||Pokoj|
Detail on the Seat of Clement of Ohrid, part of the Glagolitic Avenue.