File:BLW Stained Glass Panel - Labours of the Months (July).jpg

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Original file(1,541 × 1,485 pixels, file size: 285 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Structured data


Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents


Britain Loves Wikipedia at the Victoria and Albert Museum
Stained Glass Panel - Labours of the Months (July)
English: Stained Glass Panel

Labours of the Months (July - haymaking)
from Cassiobury Park, Hertfordshire

This roundel is one of six acquired by the museum in 1923 (Museum nos.C.123-128-1923). It was originally from a set of 12 roundels depicting the �Labours of the Months�. The museum purchased them from the sale of the contents of Cassiobury Park in Hertfordshire. They had probably been installed in the windows of the house when it was remodelled in the early years of the 19th century. We do not know where they were located before that date.

The depiction of the months and occupations associated with them appear early in the Medieval period on church facades and interiors. They also appear in illuminated manuscripts and start to become more common in stained glass in the 14th and, especially, the 15th centuries.

The occupations depicted in these �Labours of the Months� are mostly agricultural and are thus intimately associated with the landed class and their agricultural labourers. They appear in both religious and secular settings.

�Labours of the Months� are found all throughout Europe and the occupations depicted are standard but do vary in accordance with the local climate. Harvesting, for instance, began earlier in the year in Southern Europe. Feasting and drinking scenes, mostly aristocratic in form, appear in either December or January in all European countries. These months are traditionally associated with major festivals in the Church year and the consumption of large quantities of meat. Much livestock was killed at this time of year to provide food over the winter months.

Some of the �Labours of the Months� stained glass roundels believed to have been painted in England share the same imagery. This imagery must have come from a common source, most likely from a series of woodblock engravings which may have circulated between the glazing workshops.

In this roundel and man and a woman are haymaking. The man is using a scythe to cut the hay in the field and the woman holds a fork to toss the strewn hay into large piles known as �haycocks�. Lying on one of the haycocks behind them is a rake used to rake up the strewn hay. The hay was used to feed the animals that were to be kept over the winter months. This was a commonly depicted occupation in the Labours of the Months for either June or July. To the right of the woman is a scroll with the letters �Juli�, indicating the action depicted in the roundel is taking place in the month of July.

The paintwork on this roundel is very detailed and highly skilled, indicating the work of a prominent glass-painting workshop. The techniques employed include �stickwork� which makes use of a stylus to scrape away areas of paint to produce highlights, as seen in the figures� garments. Smear shading and stipple-shading are used to create depth in the background.

Collection ID: C.125-1923

This photo was taken as part of Britain Loves Wikipedia in February 2010 by David Jackson.

Date Photographed in
Source Originally uploaded at
Author David Jackson


w:en:Creative Commons

attribution share alike

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales license.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Attribution: David Jackson
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • share alike – If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current22:33, 10 April 2010Thumbnail for version as of 22:33, 10 April 20101,541 × 1,485 (285 KB)File Upload Bot (Mike Peel) (talk | contribs){{BLW2010 | title=Stained Glass Panel - Labours of the Months (July) | description={{en|Stained Glass Panel <br /> Labours of the Months (July - haymaking)<br /> 1450-1475<br /> England<br /> from Cassiobury Park, Hertfordshire<br /> <br /> This roundel i
  • You cannot overwrite this file.

There are no pages that use this file.

File usage on other wikis

The following other wikis use this file: