File:Constitution of May 3, 1791 by Jan Matejko.PNG

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Summary[edit]

Description

Adoption of the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791.

The painting depicts King Stanislaus Augustus together with members of the Grand Sejm and inhabitants of Warsaw entering St John's Cathedral in order to swear in the new national constitution just after it had been adopted by the Grand Sejm in the Royal Castle visible in the background.

May 3rd Constitution was the first written national constitution in Europe, and the world's second, after the United States Constitution. The May 3rd Constitution was adopted by the Sejm of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on May 3, 1791

Date
Source National Museum of Poland Catalogue (for better resolution: calendar with pictures of Matejko)
Author
Other versions

Guide to the painting

Polski: Spis osób
  1. Stanisław Małachowski (1736–1809), marszałek Sejmu Wielkiego
  2. Aleksander Linowski (ok. 1759–1820), poseł na Sejm Wielki, zwolennik konstytucji
  3. Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski (1745–1802), poseł na Sejm Wielki, zwolennik konstytucji
  4. Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746–1817), generał wojsk koronnych
  5. Kazimierz Nestor Sapieha (1757–1798), marszałek Sejmu Wielkiego
  6. Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (1757–1841), poseł na Sejm Wielki, współautor konstytucji
  7. Michał Zabiełło (1760–1815), poseł na Sejm Wielki, zwolennik konstytucji
  8. Jan Suchorzewski (zm. 1804 lub 1809), poseł na Sejm Wielki, przeciwnik konstytucji
  9. Stanisław Kublicki (1750–1809), poseł na Sejm Wielki, zwolennik konstytucji
  10. Franciszek Ksawery Branicki (ok. 1730–1819), hetman wielki koronny, przeciwnik konstytucji
  11. Hugo Kołłątaj (1750–1812), podkanclerzy koronny, współautor konstytucji
  12. Feliks Turski (1720–1800), biskup krakowski (lub Tymoteusz Gorzeński)
  13. Ignacy Potocki (1750–1809), marszałek wielki litewski, współautor konstytucji
  14. Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski (1734–1823), starosta generalny ziem podolskich, zwolennik konstytucji
  15. Scipione Piattoli (1749–1809), sekretarz prywatny królewski, współautor konstytucji
  16. Tadeusz Matuszewicz (1765–1819), poseł na Sejm Wielki, współautor konstytucji
  17. Stanisław August Poniatowski (1732–1798), król polski
  18. Anna Charlotta Dorota von Medem (1761–1821), księżna kurlandzka (lub Róża z Martynkowskich Dekertowa)
  19. Elżbieta z Szydłowskich Grabowska (1748/9–1810), metresa królewska
  20. Jan Dekert (1738–1790), prezydent miasta Warszawy
  21. Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk (1748–1794), zwolennik konstytucji
  22. Antoni Polikarp Złotnicki (ok. 1750–1830), poseł na Sejm Wielki, przeciwnik konstytucji
  23. Francuski rojalista
  24. Jan Kiliński (1760–1819), mistrz szewski
  25. Klemens Maria Hofbauer (1751–1820), ksiądz redemptorysta
  26. Stanisław Staszic (1755–1826), ksiądz, działacz oświeceniowy
  27. Andrzej Hieronim Zamoyski (1716–1792), b. wojewoda inowrocławski, autor Kodeksu Zamojskiego
  28. Tymoteusz Gorzeński (1743–1825), biskup smoleński
  29. Kazimierz Konopka (1769–1805), sekretarz Hugona Kołłątaja
  30. Ksiądz prawosławny
  31. Paweł Ksawery Brzostowski (1739–1827), ksiądz (lub Józef Stępkowski)
  32. Antoni Tyzenhauz (1733–1785), b. zarządca litewskich ekonomii królewskich
  33. Chłop
  34. Józef Poniatowski (1763–1813), generał wojsk koronnych
  35. Stanisław Mokronowski (1761–1821), poseł na Sejm Wielki
  36. Młody Żyd
  37. Stary Żyd
English: List of individuals
  1. Stanisław Małachowski (1736–1809), Marshal of the Grand Diet
  2. Aleksander Linowski (ok. 1759–1820), member of the Grand Diet, supporter of the constitution
  3. Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski (1745–1802), member of the Grand Diet, supporter of the constitution
  4. Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746–1817), army general
  5. Kazimierz Nestor Sapieha (1757–1798), Marshal of the Grand Diet
  6. Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (1757–1841), member of the Grand Diet, co-author of the constitution
  7. Michał Zabiełło (1760–1815), member of the Grand Diet, supporter of the constitution
  8. Jan Suchorzewski (d. 1804 or 1809), member of the Grand Diet, opposed to the constitution
  9. Stanisław Kublicki (1750–1809), member of the Grand Diet, supporter of the constitution
  10. Franciszek Ksawery Branicki (ca. 1730–1819), Grand Hetman of the Crown, opposed to the constitution
  11. Hugo Kołłątaj (1750–1812), Underchancellor of the Crown, co-author of the constitution
  12. Feliks Turski (1720–1800), Bishop of Kraków (or Tymoteusz Gorzeński)
  13. Ignacy Potocki (1750–1809), Grand Marshal of Lithuania, co-author of the constitution
  14. Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski (1734–1823), Prefect General of Podolia, supporter of the constitution
  15. Scipione Piattoli (1749–1809), royal private secretary, co-author of the constitution
  16. Tadeusz Matuszewicz (1765–1819), member of the Grand Diet, co-author of the constitution
  17. Stanisław August Poniatowski (1732–1798), King of Poland
  18. Anna Charlotta Dorota von Medem (1761–1821), Duchess of Courland (or Róża Dekert née Martynkowska)
  19. Elżbieta Grabowska née Szydłowska (1748/9–1810), royal mistress
  20. Jan Dekert (1738–1790), Mayor of Warsaw
  21. Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk (1748–1794), supporter of the constitution
  22. Antoni Polikarp Złotnicki (ca. 1750–1830), member of the Grand Diet, opposed to the constitution
  23. French royalist
  24. Jan Kiliński (1760–1819), shoemaker
  25. Clemens Maria Hofbauer (1751–1820), Redemptorist priest
  26. Stanisław Staszic (1755–1826), priest, educator
  27. Andrzej Hieronim Zamoyski (1716–1792), former Palatine of Inowrocław, author of the Zamojski Code
  28. Tymoteusz Gorzeński (1743–1825), Bishop of Smolensk
  29. Kazimierz Konopka (1769–1805), Hugo Kołłątaj's secretary
  30. Orthodox priest
  31. Paweł Ksawery Brzostowski (1739–1827), priest (or Józef Stępkowski)
  32. Antoni Tyzenhauz (1733–1785), former manager of royal estates in Lithuania
  33. Peasant
  34. Józef Poniatowski (1763–1813), army general
  35. Stanisław Mokronowski (1761–1821), member of the Grand Diet
  36. Young Jew
  37. Old Jew

Licensing[edit]

This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain

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