File:Phenakistoscope 3g07692a.gif

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Original file(800 × 800 pixels, file size: 3.42 MB, MIME type: image/gif, looped, 13 frames, 2.0 s)


Eadweard Muybridge's Phenakistoscope: Athletes – Boxing

Phenakistoscope 3g07692u.jpg
Original disc
Phenakistoscope 3g07692d.gif
Detail view
Phenakistoscope 3g07692b.gif
Mirror simulation
Phenakistoscope 3g07692a.gif
Spinning disc

CREATOR Muybridge, Eadweard, 1830-1904, artist.
TITLE The zoopraxiscope* – Athletes – Boxing (No. 2, title from item.)
SUMMARY Images on a disc which when spun gives the illusion of two men boxing.
MEDIUM 1 print : lithograph, color.
CREATED/PUBLISHED c1893 (14666Y U.S. Copyright Office). Copyright by Eadweard Muybridge (expired).
SUBJECTS Boxing--1890-1900; Locomotion--1890-1900; Optical illusions--1890-1900.
FORMAT Optical toys 1890-1900; Lithographs Color 1890-1900.

Exhibited at "Moving Pictures : The Un-easy Relationship between American Art and Early Film" at the Williams College of Art, MA, and other venues, 2005-2007.

Call number: LOT 10440 [item] [P&P], Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-05949 (digital file from original print), LC-USZC4-7692 (color film copy transparency);
Digital ID: ppmsca 05948 (digital file from original), cph 3g07692 (digital file from color film copy transparency); Card #: 00650867. No known restrictions on publication.

This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsca.05949.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

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Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Modifications for Wikipedia[edit]

  • Taken from full-size tiff file
  • Cropped, centered, skewed, color corrected, cleaned up
  • Original cut from background and disc rotated
  • 13 copies rotated at multiples of 27.69 degrees
  • Animated gif versions: removal method return to background, frame delay 15/100 seconds, total runtime 1.95 seconds
  • Mirror simulation version: two black frames set to overlay and merged onto image layer, flipped horizontally
  • Original disc version: converted to jpg, 8/10, progressive 5 scans


I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license:
w:en:Creative Commons

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current10:42, 31 March 2007Thumbnail for version as of 10:42, 31 March 2007800 × 800 (3.42 MB)Trialsanderrors (talk | contribs){{LOC-image|id=ppmsca.05948}}{{PD-Old}}
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