Category:Albinism

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  • English: Albinism (from Latin albus, meaning "white") is a lack of melanin pigmentation in the eyes, skin and hair. It is an inherited condition resulting from the combination of recessive genes passed from both parents of an individual. This condition is known to affect mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
  • Deutsch: Albinismus (lat. albus = weiß) ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für angeborene Störungen in der Biosynthese der Melanine und dem daraus resultierenden Mangel an Pigmenten in Haut, Haaren und Augen (Rotfärbung der Iris aufgrund des durchschimmerndes Blutes). Teilweiser Albinismus äußert sich in aufgehellter Farbe.
  • Français : Albinisme (du latin albus, qui signifie blanc) se traduit par une absence de pigmentation des yeux, de la peau et des poils. C'est un facteur héréditaire dues à la combinaison de gènes récessifs provenant des deux parents. L'albinisme est connu chez les mammifères, les poissons, les oiseaux, les reptiles et les amphibiens. Une absence partielle de la pigmentation donnera des individus dont les yeux seuls sont privés de mélanine, ou seulement quelques parties du corps (voir animaux colorpoint). On ne doit pas confondre avec le leucitisme, coloration plus claire que la normale, parfois presque blanc, mais qui n'affecte pas les yeux.
  • Português: Albinismo (do latim albus, que significa branco) é uma deficiência de melanina nos olhos, pele e cabelo. Essa doença é uma condição hereditária, resultada da combinação de genes recessivos passados por ambos os pais ou por apenas um dos dois. É conhecida por afetar mamíferos, peixes, aves, répteis e anfíbios.
albinismo (es); Kebalaran (ms); Ugis (bcl); Albinism (en-gb); Албинизъм (bg); Albinism (ro); مہق (ur); albinism (sv); Альбінізм (uk); Gapi (ace); 白化症 (zh-hant); 백색증 (ko); Альбинизм (kk); Albinismo (eo); albinismus (cs); Albinizam (bs); Альбинос (tyv); albinisme (fr); Bulé (jv); Albinizam (hr); Bạch tạng (vi); Albīnisms (lv); албинизам (sr); Albinismo (pt-br); albinism (sco); albinisme (nn); albinisme (nb); Albinizm (az); Ndúndú (ln); albinism (en); برص (ar); 白化 (yue); Альбинизм (ky); Albinismo (eu); Albinismu (ast); albinisme (ca); Albinismus (de-ch); albinedd (cy); Альбінізм (be); آلبینیسم (fa); 白化症 (zh); Albînîzm (ku); ალბინიზმი (ka); アルビノ (ja); Albinism (om); לבקנות (he); Albinismus (la); रंगहीनता (hi); 白化症 (wuu); Albinismi (fi); Albino (sw); Albinism (pms); әлбинизем (tt); வெண்ணியம் (ta); Albinismo (it); Albinizam (sh); Albinisme (oc); Альбінізм (be-tarask); Albinism (et); آلبینیزم (azb); Albinism (en-ca); Albinizm (tr); Albinizmus (hu); Albinizm (uz); Ailbíneachas (ga); albinismo (pt); Albinisme (id); Albinisme (da); Ալբինիզմ (hy); Albinismus (de); albinizem (sl); Albinismo (tl); альбинизм (ru); албинизам (sr-ec); ภาวะผิวเผือก (th); Albinizm (pl); ആൽബിനിസം (ml); Albinisme (nl); албинизам (mk); Альбинизм (sah); برص (sd); অ্যালবিনিজম (bn); Albinismo (gl); Албинизм (tg); Αλφισμός (el); Albino (su) Condición genética (es); מחלה הגורמת לחוסר פיגמנטציה (he); anomalie génétique et héréditaire qui affecte la pigmentation et se caractérise par un déficit de production de mélanine (fr); prirojena motnja, zaradi katere koža nima pigmentacije (sl); total avsaknad av båda typerna av färgpigmenten melaniner (sv); Melaninaren metabolismo-akatsaren ondorioz, sortzetiko anomalia hereditarioa. Oso larruazal zuria, ile zuri edo horia eta iris arrosa ditu ezaugarritzat. Gizakiak eta animaliek izan dezakete (eu); genetisk betinget tilstand som fører til manglende pigment. (nb); پاتولوژی (fa); 疾病 (zh-hant); Ciltte pigment eksikliğine neden olan genetik bozukluk. (tr); Melaninmangelerkrankung (de); 동물이나 사람의 피부, 눈, 머리카락 등의 멜라닌 색소 부족을 일으키는 선천적 질병 (ko); congenital disorder causing skin to lack pigmentation (en); مرض خلقي يتميز بغياب الصباغ في الجلد والشعر والعيون (ar); Condició genètica (ca); ஓர் உயிரியில் நிறமாதல் இல்லாத கால்வழிக் குறைபாடு (ta) Albinos (es); Albino (eu); Альбинос, Альбиносы (ru); Albinotisch, Pigmentstoffarmer Mensch (de); البینیسم, البینو, زالی, آلبینو (fa); 白化病, 白化 (zh); Albino (da); Albinizim, Akşın, Akşınlık, Albinoluk, Albino (tr); 先天性色素欠乏症, 白皮症, 眼皮膚白皮症, 白子症, ヘルマンスキー・プドラック症候群, シロヘビ, 色素欠乏症, 白化個体 (ja); albino (sv); Альбінос (uk); Albiino, Valkomuunnos (fi); Albinizmus (cs); Albino (bs); albinos (fr); Albiino, Albinootilisus, Albinootiline, Pigmenditus (et); Albinos, Albinia (pt); 피부백변증, 백화증, 백변증, 알비니즘, 알비노 (ko); Albīns (lv); אלבינו, לבקן (he); Albino (sr); Albinizem (sl); Anak-araw, Anak araw, Sarka, Albino (tl); ալբինոս, լսնամաշկություն (hy); албино (mk); Albino, Bulai (id); Ualbino, Uzeruzeru, Zeruzeru (sw); Albino (nb); Bielactwo (pl); คนเผือก, Albinistic, Albino, Albinos, Albinism (th); Albinos (ro); Albino (cy); Албинос (bg); achromia, achromasia, achromatosis, albino (en); مهقة, ألبينو, الشقرة, المهق, أمهق, Albino, Albinism (ar); Αλμπινισμός, Λευκοπάθεια, Αλβινισμός (el); அல்பினிசம் (ta)
albinism 
congenital disorder causing skin to lack pigmentation
Albinisitic man portrait.jpg
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Abnormal melanocyte migration
  • Leucism: Melanocytes fail to migrate normally from the neural crest partially (white markings, spotting, roaning) or totally (all-white animal). Any sites with migrated melanocytes produces pigments normally unless additionally affected by albinism. Microscope findings of leucistic sites will show no traces of pigments.
  • Leucistic white: An all-white animal, as distinguished from albino-white or partially leucistic animals.
Abnormally low intensity of pigments
  • Albinism: Lowered intensity of melanin pigments in normally migrated melanocytes.
  • Albino: Such a low intensity of melanin pigments that the individual appears white, usually with red or light grey/blue eyes. Non-mammalian albinos may form other pigments normally.
  • Dilution: Lowered intensity of pigment in normally migrated melanocytes.
  • Axanthism: in birds, reptiles, fish and amphibians: lack of red and yellow xanthin pigments.
  • Amelanism: lack of red and black melanin pigments.
Abnormal distribution of pigments
  • Erythrism: Abnormally intense or widespread red pigmentation (both erythrin and pheomelanin??).
  • Xanthism: Abnormally intense or widespread xanthin yellow pigmentation.
  • Melanism: Abnormally intense or widespread eumelanin black pigmentation.

Subcategories

This category has the following 13 subcategories, out of 13 total.

 

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Pages in category "Albinism"

The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.

Media in category "Albinism"

The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total.