Category:Albinism

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  • English: Albinism (from Latin albus, meaning "white") is a lack of melanin pigmentation in the eyes, skin and hair. It is an inherited condition resulting from the combination of recessive genes passed from both parents of an individual. This condition is known to affect mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
  • Deutsch: Albinismus (lat. albus = weiß) ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für angeborene Störungen in der Biosynthese der Melanine und dem daraus resultierenden Mangel an Pigmenten in Haut, Haaren und Augen (Rotfärbung der Iris aufgrund des durchschimmerndes Blutes). Teilweiser Albinismus äußert sich in aufgehellter Farbe.
  • Français : Albinisme (du latin albus, qui signifie blanc) se traduit par une absence de pigmentation des yeux, de la peau et des poils. C'est un facteur héréditaire dues à la combinaison de gènes récessifs provenant des deux parents. L'albinisme est connu chez les mammifères, les poissons, les oiseaux, les reptiles et les amphibiens. Une absence partielle de la pigmentation donnera des individus dont les yeux seuls sont privés de mélanine, ou seulement quelques parties du corps (voir animaux colorpoint). On ne doit pas confondre avec le leucitisme, coloration plus claire que la normale, parfois presque blanc, mais qui n'affecte pas les yeux.
  • Português: Albinismo (do latim albus, que significa branco) é uma deficiência de melanina nos olhos, pele e cabelo. Essa doença é uma condição hereditária, resultada da combinação de genes recessivos passados por ambos os pais ou por apenas um dos dois. É conhecida por afetar mamíferos, peixes, aves, répteis e anfíbios.

Help :
Albinism = Hair, feathers or scales all uniformly pure white with no pigments, eyes red or dark pink, skin pale pink (due to blood haemoglobin)
Partial albinism = Hair, feathers or scales all with uniformly diluted colour, diluted eye color, if only pheomelanin is diluted normal colored eyes
Leucism = Hair, feathers or scales uniformly white or with white with no pigments; often normal coloured or blue eyes
Partial leucism = Hair, feathers or scales in white patches of varying size, the rest being of normal colour, soamtimes roaning, often blue or normal coloured eyes
Erythrism = Hair, feathers or scales all with abnormally reddish colour, usually red coloured eyes
Xanthism = Hair, feathers or scales all with abnormally yellowish colour, usually red coloured eyes
Melanism = Hair, feathers or scales all abnormally black, usually normal colour eyes
Category:Axanthism = In birds, reptiles, fish and amphibians: lack of red and yellow pigments
Category:Amelanism = Lack of melanin, feathers or scales all therefore are reddish or yellowish, due to reamining red and yellow colors. Scales or amphibian skin may be green or blue as well, feathers are not green or blue, as in birds melanin is needet for this colour. They have usually red coloured eyes

Subcategories

This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total.

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Pages in category "Albinism"

The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.