The Ardeatine massacre (in Italian: Eccidio delle Fosse Ardeatine, Massacre of Fosse Ardeatine) was a war crime committed in Rome in 1944 by German occupation troops during the Second World War involving 335 civilians executed by Germans as reprisal for the death of 33 SS soldiers of the regiment Bozen in Via Rasella fallen victim of a partisan attack conducted on the previous day. Hitler himself authorised the reprisal on the basis of Zehn Italiener für einen Deutschen (German for "Ten Italians for one German") within 24 hours from the attack. In the morning of 24 March 1944 the 335 civilians were led to the Fosse Ardeatine, a then rural suburb of Rome near via Ardeatina and shot dead. One year later, when Rome was liberated, the bodies were discovered and a shrine was built on the place of the massacre.
mass killing carried out by Nazi troops in Rome, 1944
|Instance of||mass murder|
|Location||Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Lazio, Italy|
|Point in time||24 March 1944|
|Number of deaths|
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
Media in category "Ardeatine massacre"
The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total.
- Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-312-0983-10, Rom, Soldaten vor Gebäude.jpg 800 × 533; 51 KB
- Eingang Fosse Ardeatine.JPG 2,448 × 3,264; 2.87 MB
- Mausoelum Fosse Ardeatine.JPG 3,264 × 2,448; 1.52 MB
- Mausoleum Detail.JPG 1,632 × 1,224; 853 KB