Category:Council of Florence
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English: The Council of Florence is the seventeenth ecumenical council recognized by the Catholic Church, held between 1431 and 1449. It was convoked as the Council of Basel by Pope Martin V shortly before his death in February 1431 and took place in the context of the Hussite wars in Bohemia and the rise of the Ottoman Empire. At stake was the greater conflict between the Conciliar movement and the principle of papal supremacy. The Council entered a second phase after Emperor Sigismund's death in 1437. Pope Eugene IV convoked a rival Council of Ferrara on 8 January 1438 and succeeded in drawing some of the Byzantine ambassadors who were in attendance at Basel to Italy. The remaining members of the Council of Basel first suspended him, declared him a heretic, and then in November 1439 elected the antipope Felix V. The rival Council of Florence (moved to avoid the plague in Ferrara) concluded in 1445 after negotiating unions with the various eastern churches. This bridging of the Great Schism proved fleeting, but was a political coup for the papacy. In 1447, Sigismund's successor Frederick III commanded the city of Basel to expel the Council of Basel; the rump council reconvened in Lausanne before dissolving itself in 1449.
Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church (1431–1449)
|Instance of||Catholic ecumenical council|
|Location||Florence, Ferrara, Republic of Florence|
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Media in category "Council of Florence"
The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total.
- Council-Florence.png 467 × 488; 519 KB
- Firenze-bolla-unione.jpg 500 × 446; 96 KB
- Nuremberg chronicles f 244v 2 (Concilium florentinum).jpg 467 × 463; 410 KB
- Nuremberg chronicles f 244v 2 Concilium florentinum.jpg 467 × 488; 427 KB
- Pisanello, john viii palaeiologus drawings.jpg 600 × 375; 84 KB