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Habiru (es); Apirou (fr); ሃቢሩ (am); Хабиру (ru); Apiru (de); Habiru (pt); Хабиру (bg); عبيرو (ar); ハビル人 (ja); Habiru (ia); Habiru (nb); Habiru (id); Habiru (pl); Хабіру (uk); Habiru (nl); 哈比魯人 (zh-hant); 哈比鲁人 (zh-cn); חבירו (he); Habiru (it); Habiru (en); Habiroj (eo); 哈比鲁人 (zh-hans); Habiru (ca) Apiru, Habirus (es); ハビル (ja); Habiru, Abirou, Hapirou, Habirou (fr); Bangsa Ibrani, Suku Ibrani, Orang Ibrani (id); Habiri, Hapiru, Apiru, Habirowie (pl); Хапіру, Апіру (uk); Chabiroe, Apiru, Hapiru, Hebreeuwen (nl); Хапиру, Апиру (ru); Hapiru, ʿapiru, ˁapiru (de); خبيرو (ar); Hapiru (ca); עפירו, ח'פירו, עבירו, חפירו, ח'בירו, אפירו (he)

Habiru or Apiru or ˁpr.w (Egyptian) was the name given by various Sumerian, Egyptian, Akkadian, Hittite, Mitanni, and Ugaritic sources (dated, roughly, between 1800 BC and 1100 BC) to a group of people living as nomadic invaders in areas of the Fertile Crescent from Northeastern Mesopotamia and Iran to the borders of Egypt in Canaan. Depending on the source and epoch, these Habiru are variously described as nomadic or semi-nomadic, rebels, outlaws, raiders, mercenaries, and bowmen, servants, slaves, migrant laborers, etc.

Idrimi joined the "Hapiru people" in "Ammija in the land of Canaan", where other refugees from Aleppo recognized him as the "son of their overlord" and "gathered around him;" after living among them for seven years, he led his new friends and Habiru allies in a successful attack by sea on Alalakh, where he became king.

In the Kemetic language, Habiru would have been spelled something like hbrw, given "w" denoted plurality, and would have been pronouned with the long "u" sound. The term Habiru was used in the Amarna Letters from the West Asian kings (of city-states and territories) sent to Pharoahs Amenhotep III and Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten). The West Asian territories were under Kemetic rule, which included the city of Jerusalem (which was not Hebrew or Jewish at the time).

Media in category "Habiru"

The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total.