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Deutsch: Pocahontas auch Matoaka (* um 1595 in Virginia; † 21. März 1617 in Gravesend, südöstlich von London). Pocahontas bedeutet „die Verspielte“, „die, die alles durcheinanderbringt“. Sie war die Tochter des Indianerhäuptlings Powhatan-Sachem und Mittlerin zwischen den Stämmen der Algonkin-Konföderation und den englischen Kolonisten.
English: Pocahontas (c. 1595 – March 21 1617) was a Native American woman who married an Englishman, John Rolfe, and became a celebrity in London in the last year of her life. She was a daughter of Wahunsunacock (also known as Chief or Emperor Powhatan), who ruled an area encompassing almost all of the neighboring tribes in the Tidewater region of Virginia (called Tenakomakah at the time). Her formal names were Matoaka (or Matoika) and Amonute; Pocahontas was a childhood nickname referring to her frolicsome nature (in the Powhatan language it meant "little wanton", according to William Strachey). After her baptism, she went by the name Rebecca, becoming Rebecca Rolfe on her marriage.
Français : Pocahontas (vers 1595 – 21 mars 1617) était une Amérindienne de la confédération de tribus Powhatan. Elle était la fille de Wahunsunacock (aussi appelé chef Powhatan) qui a régné sur presque toutes les tribus voisines dans une région alors appelée Tenakomakah. Ses vrais noms étaient Matoaka et Amonute[1], Pocahontas étant un surnom d'enfance se rapportant à sa nature espiègle (dans la langue de Powhatan cela signifie « petite dévergondée »[2]). Quand elle a été baptisée, son nom a été changé en Rebecca. Elle prendra le nom de Rebecca Rolfe après son mariage.
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Algonquian princess
Pocahontas gravure.jpg
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Date of birth1595, c. 1596
Date of deathMarch 1617
Manner of death
  • natural causes
Cause of death
  • unknown
Place of burial
Country of citizenship
  • Nonoma Winanuske Matatiske
  • Thomas Rolfe
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