Category:Scientific musical instruments classification

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Hornbostel–Sachs (or Sachs–Hornbostel) is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914.[1] An English translation was published in the Galpin Society Journal in 1961. It is the most widely used system for classifying musical instruments by ethnomusicologists and organologists (people who study musical instruments).

Hornbostel and Sachs based their ideas on a system devised in the late 19th century by Victor-Charles Mahillon, the curator of musical instruments at Brussels Conservatory. Mahillon divided instruments into four broad categories according to the nature of the sound-producing material: body of the instrument (Idiophone (1)), membrane (Membranophone (2)), string (Chordophone (3)) and, air column (Aerophone (4)). From this basis, Hornbostel and Sachs expanded Mahillon's system to make it possible to classify any instrument from any culture.

Formally, the Sachs–Hornbostel is modeled on the Dewey Decimal Classification for libraries. It has four top-level classifications, with several levels below those, adding up to over 300 basic categories in all. The top three levels of the scheme are described below.

Hornbostel-Sachs musical instrument categories


  1. Volume 46 (1914) of the Zeitschrift is available online in a variety of formats, as part of the digital collection of the University of Toronto. The article by Hornbostel and Sachs is to be found on pages 553–90.
<nowiki>Hornbostel-Sachs; Sachs–Hornbostel-féle osztályozás; Hornbostel–Sachs; Hornbostel-Sachs-Systematik; هورن‌بوستل-زاکس; Система на Хорнбостел-Закс; Hornbostel-Sachs; 霍恩博斯特爾-薩克斯分類法; Sachsova-Hornbostelova klasifikácia hudobných nástrojov; הורנבוסטל-זאקס; होर्न्बोस्तेल्-सच्स्; होर्नबोस्तेल-साक्स; Hornbostel–Sachs; klasifiko Hornbostel-Sachs; Хорнбостел-Заксов систем; classificazione Hornbostel-Sachs; système Hornbostel-Sachs; Гарнбостэль-Закс; 호른보스텔-작스; Hornbostel–Sachs; Hornbostel-Sachs; ザックス=ホルンボステル分類; Hornbostel-Sachs; Hornbostel–Sachs; Hornbostel-Sachs; Hombostel-Sachsova klasifikacija; класифікація Горнбостеля-Закса; Sachs-Hornbostelova klasifikace hudebních nástrojů; система Хорнбостеля — Закса; Hornbostel–Sachs; Hornbostel-Sachs; Hornbostel-Sachs; Sachs-Hornbostel; klasyfikacja Hornbostela-Sachsa; 霍恩博斯特爾-薩克斯分類法; ಹೊರ್ನ್ಬೋಸ್ಟಲ್ –ಸಾಕ್ಸ್; ھۆرنبۆستێل ساخس; Hornbostel–Sachs; هورنبوستيل-ساكس; 霍恩博斯特尔-萨克斯分类法; 霍恩博斯特爾-薩克斯分類法; sistema di classificazione di strumenti musicali; système de classification des instruments de musique; сыстэма клясыфікацыі музычных інструмэнтаў; sistema de classificació d'instruments musicals; Klassifikation von Musikinstrumenten; sistema de classificação de instrumentos musicais; sistema a pannakaidasig iti instrumento ti musika; 楽器の分類体系; sistema de clasificación de instrumentos musicais; системе за класификација на музичките инструменти; систематическая классификация музыкальных инструментов; sistema de clasificación de instrumentos musicales; klassifiseringssystem for musikkinstrumenter; سیستمی پۆلێنکردنی ئامێرەکانی مۆسیقا; तूर्य गणता संविधा; संगीत वाद्य यंत्रों को वर्गीकृत करने की एक प्रणाली; ಸಂಗೀತ ಸಲಕರಣೆ ವರ್ಗೀಕರಣ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆ.; soitinluokitus; musical instrument classification system; klasifiko de muzikaj instrumentoj; klasifikace hudebních násrojů; 乐器分类法; Hornbostel-Sachs; HS; Hornbostel-Sachs; Von Hornbostel; Hornbostel; сыстэма Гарнбостэля-Закса; клясыфікацыя Гарнбостэля-Закса; Sachs-Hornbostel; Classificació de Sachs-Hornbostel; Classificació de Hornbostel-Sachs; Hornbostel-Sachs-System; Sachs-Hornbostel-System; Sachs-Hornbostel System; Sachs-Hornbostel-Systematik; Hornbostel-Sachs System; Sachs-Hornbostel; هورن بوستل-زاکس; 薩克斯分類法; 薩克斯-霍恩博斯特爾分類法; Sachs-Hornbostel; הורנבוסטל-זקס; ホルンボステル=ザックス分類; ホルンボステル=ザックス#リュート .28321.29; ホルンボステル=ザックス; Хорнбостел-Закс; Хорнбостел-Заксова класификација; Sachs-Hornbostel; Sachs–Hornbostel; Hornbostel-Sachs; Sachs-Hornbostelova klasifikácia hudobných nástrojov; Система на Хорнбостел-Сакс; класифікація Горнбостель-Закс; Горнбостель-Закс; Hornbostel-Sachs; Ҳорнбостел–Сачс; Sachs-Hornbostel; Sachs–Hornbostel); Sachs–Hornbostel; Sachs–Hornbostel; Hornbostel-Sachs; Sachs-Hornbostel; Sachs Hornbostel; Hornbostel Sachs; Sachs–Hornbostel; Hornbostel-Sachs; классификация Хорнбостеля-Закса; Хорнбостель-Закс; Закс-Хорнбостель</nowiki>
musical instrument classification system
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