Category:Stephen Hawking

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Stephen Hawking 
British theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author
Stephen Hawking.StarChild.jpg
Stephen Hawking en 1974 dans les locaux de la NASA.
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Date of birth8 January 1942
Oxford
Stephen William Hawking
Date of death14 March 2018
Cambridge
Place of burial
Country of citizenship
Residence
Educated at
Doctoral advisor
  • Dennis W. Sciama (uk.bl.ethos.601153)
Doctoral student
  • Don Page
  • Wu Zhongchao
  • Marika Taylor (uk.bl.ethos.625075)
  • Fay Dowker (uk.bl.ethos.359554)
  • Bruce Allen (uk.bl.ethos.350075)
  • Raphael Bousso (uk.bl.ethos.627356)
  • Bernard Carr (uk.bl.ethos.450767)
  • Christophe Galfard (uk.bl.ethos.614253)
  • Malcolm Perry (uk.bl.ethos.468758)
  • Raymond Laflamme (uk.bl.ethos.278123)
  • Thomas Hertog (uk.bl.ethos.620190)
  • Gary Gibbons (uk.bl.ethos.599378)
Occupation
Employer
Member of
Position held
  • Lucasian Professor of Mathematics (1979–2009)
Field of work
Native language
Child
Spouse
  • Jane Wilde helleyer (Hawking) (14 July 1965 – 1995)
  • Elaine Mason (1995–2006)
Work location
Notable work
  • A Brief History of Time
  • Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays
  • God Created the Integers
  • My Brief History
  • On the Shoulders of Giants
  • The Dreams That Stuff Is Made of: The Most Astounding Papers of Quantum Physics and How They Shook the Scientific World
  • The Universe in a Nutshell
Present in work
  • Descent
Award received
  • Albert Einstein Medal (1979)
  • Wolf Prize in Physics (1988)
  • Copley Medal (2006)
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
  • Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2013)
  • Order of the Companions of Honour (1989)
  • Eddington Medal (1975)
  • Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1985)
  • Commander of the Order of the British Empire (23 February 1982)
  • Naylor Prize and Lectureship (1999)
  • Oskar Klein Medal (2003)
  • Hughes Medal (1976)
  • Royal Society Science Books Prize (2002)
  • Albert Medal (1999)
  • Michelson–Morley Award (2003)
  • Fonseca Prize (2008)
  • Pius XI Medal (17 April 1975)
  • Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976)
  • IOP Dirac Medal (1987)
  • Adams Prize (1966)
  • Andrew Gemant Award (1998)
  • The James Smithson Bicentennial Medal (2005)
  • NSS Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award (2012)
  • Princess of Asturias Award for Concord (1989)
  • Honorary doctor of the Harvard University (1990)
  • Honorary doctor of the University of Oxford (1978)
  • Marcel Grossmann Award (June 1991, ICRANet)
  • Franklin Medal (1981)
  • BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)
  • Bodley Medal (2015)
  • Gold medal of the Spanish National Research Council (1989)
  • Albert Einstein Award (1978)
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
  • Honorary doctor of the Princeton University
  • honorary doctor of the University of Cambridge (1989)
  • Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics (1976)
  • Lilienfeld Prize (1999)
Official website
Signature
Authority control
Blue pencil.svg
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tekoharekokuaa haipývare ha arapykuaáre oñemoaranduitéva (gn); brittiläinen fyysikko (fi) Stephen William Hawking (es); Stephen William Hawking (co); Stephen William Hawking (is); Stephen William Hawking (ms); Stephen William Hawking (en-gb); Stephen William Hawking (pcd); Stephen William Hawking (ro); اسٹیون ہاکنگ, سٹیون ہاکنگ, اسٹیون ہوکنگ (ur); Stephen William Hawking (mg); Stephen William Hawking (sk); Стівен Гокінг (uk); ಸ್ಟೀಫನ್ ವಿಲಿಯಮ್ ಹಾಕಿಂಗ್ (tcy); Stephen William Hawking (io); Stephen William Hawking (gsw); Stephen William Hawking, Stefano Hawking, Stefano Vilhelmo Hawking (eo); Stephen William Hawking (cs); Stephen William Hawking, Hawking (bs); स्टीफन विलियम हॉकिंग (bho); স্টিফেন উইলিয়াম হকিং, স্টিফেন হকিং (bn); Stephen William Hawking (fr); Stephen William Hawking (hr); Stephen William Hawking (vi); Stephen William Hawking (af); Stephen William Hawking (zu); Stephen William Hawking (pt-br); Stephen William Hawking (sco); Stephen William Hawking (lb); Stephen William Hawking (nn); Stephen William Hawking (nb); Stephen William Hawking (min); ಸ್ಟೀಫನ್ ವಿಲಿಯಮ್ ಹಾಕಿಂಗ್ (kn); Stephen William Hawking, Hawking, S. W. Hawking (en); هوكينج, ستيفن ويليام هوكينج, ستيفن هوكينغ, ستيفن ويليام هوكينغ, هوكينغ (ar); Stephen William Hawking (br); Stephen William Hawking, S. W. Hawking (hu); Stephen William Hawking (eu); Stephen William Hawking (ast); Хокинг, Стивен Уильям, Стивен Уильям Хокинг (ru); Stephen William Hawking (de-ch); Stephen William Hawking, S. W. Hawking (de); Stephen William Hawking (ga); Ստեֆըն Հոքինգ, Սթիվեն Ուիլիամ Հոքինգ (hy); Stephen William Hawking (nds-nl); Stephen William Hawking (da); სტივენ უილიამ ჰოკინგი (ka); Stephen William Hawking (id); Stephen William Hawking (ia); Stephen William Hawking (nrm); Στίβεν Χόκινγκ, Στήβεν Χώκινγκ (el); Stephen William Hawking (ie); Stephen William Hawking (nds); Stephen William Hawking (an); Stephen William Hawking (frp); स्टीफन विलियम हॉकिंग (hi); ਸਟੀਫਨ ਹਾਕਿੰਗ (pa); Stephen William Hawking (fi); Stephen William Hawking (wa); Stephen William Hawking (en-ca); Stephen William Hawking (de-at); Stephen William Hawking (kg); Stephen William Hawking (it); Stephen William Hawking (sc); Stephen William Hawking (vls); ഹോക്കിങ്, എസ്. ഡബ്ല്യൂ. ഹോക്കിങ്, സ്റ്റീഫൻ വില്യം ഹോക്കിങ്, സ്റ്റീഫൻ വില്യം ഹോക്കിങ്ങ് (ml); Stephen William Hawking (et); Stephen William Hawking (pl); Stephen William Hawking (tr); 霍金, 史蒂芬·威廉·霍金 (zh); Stephen William Hawking (pms); Stephen William Hawking (li); Stephen William Hawking (scn); Stephen William Hawking (sr-el); Stephen William Hawking (vo); Stephen William Hawking (rm); स्टिफन विलियम हकिङ (ne); Stephen William Hawking (wo); Stephen William Hawking (sl); Stephen William Hawking (pt); Stephen William Hawking (cy); Stephen William Hawking (sv); Stephen William Hawking (fur); Stephen William Hawking (sw); Stephen William Hawking (gd); Stephen William Hawking (nl); Stephen William Hawking (nap); Stephen William Hawking (oc); Stephen William Hawking (lij); Stephen William Hawking (bar); Stephen William Hawking (gl); Stephen William Hawking (ca); Stephen William Hawking (vec); Stephen William Hawking, Hawking (gn)
Deutsch: Professor Stephen William Hawking (1942–2018) war ein britischer theoretischer Physiker, Kosmologe, Autor und Forschungsdirektor am Zentrum für Theoretische Kosmologie der Universität von Cambridge; unter seinen Werken findet sich die theoretische Vorhersage, dass Schwarze Löcher Strahlung aussenden, die oft auch als Hawking-Strahlung bezeichnet wird.
English: Professor Stephen William Hawking (1942–2018) was a British theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge; amongst his works has been the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation.
Français: Stephen William Hawking (né à Oxford en 1942) est un physicien théoricien et cosmologiste britannique. Il est connu pour ses études sur les trous noirs.
Italiano: Stephen William Hawking (Oxford, 1942) è un fisico teoretico e astrofisico britannico, tra i maggiori del XX e XXI secolo; tra i suoi lavori scientificamente più rilevanti figura l'ipotesi, poi verificata, dell'emissione di radiazioni da parte dei buchi neri, oggi chiamata radiazione di Hawking.
Magyar: Stephen William Hawking (Oxford, 1942. január 8. –) vezető angol elméleti fizikus. Nem csupán kiemelkedő szakmai sikerei által ismert, hanem a laikusoknak szóló ismeretterjesztési munkássága révén is azon kevés tudós közé sorolható, akik részei lettek a populáris kultúrának is, mint például Albert Einstein.
Türkçe: Profesör Stephen William Hawking (d. 1942, Oxford), Britanyalı kuramsal fizikçi, kozmolog, yazar ve Cambridge Üniversitesi'nin Kuramsal Kozmoloji Araştırma Merkezi'nde yönetici; çalışmaları arasında bir kuramsal tahmin olan "kara deliklerin radyasyon yaydığı" fikri vardır, genellikle Hawking radyasyonu denir.

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